There are many agro-climatic zones in India which are favorable for the cultivation of delicate and soft flowers. During the decade after liberalization, floriculture has taken a huge step in the field of exports. This era has seen a dynamic shift with commercial production replacing sustainable production. According to the National Floriculture Database published by the National Horticulture Board, during the year 2015-16, India had an area of 249 thousand hectares for floriculture, out of which the floricultural product was 1,659 million tonnes and the open flower product was 484 thousand tonnes. Floriculture is being practiced commercially in several states and is behind Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Haryana, Assam and Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu (20%), Karnataka (13.5%), West The share of floriculture has increased in the states of Bengal (12.2%).
Indian flower industry includes rose, tuberose, glades, anthurium, carnation, marigold etc. Floriculture is done in both state-of-the-art poly and greenhouse conditions.
The total export of flowers in India for the year 2019-20 was 541.61 crores / 75.89 million US dollars. The major importing countries were the United States, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United Arab Emirates. There are more than 300 export-oriented units in India. More than 50% of the flower units are in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The Indian floriculture industry is poised to increase its share in world trade with technical support from foreign companies.
India also exports fruit and vegetable seeds and during the year 2019-20, exports of US $ 723.43 crore / US $ 101.50 million. The United States, Netherlands, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Thailand are the main markets for India’s fruit and vegetable seeds.