50 thousand birds in Thola Lake Sanctuary area

3 Febuary 2024, Ahmedabad

Entry into the Thola Lake sanctuary area was closed during 27 and 28 January. Various species of birds were counted throughout the bird sanctuary. It was concluded that there were 45 to 50 thousand birds. Birds are seen in the bird sanctuary from November to late February. The lake near Thola village and its banks are called Thola Lake. Beautiful birds like flamingos, swans, different types of herons, wachet kajio and nakato come for 4 months.

Glossy Ibis (Glossy Ibis) which are thousands of birds whose number ranges from about 80 thousand to 1 lakh. Pelicans, ospreys and other birds of prey often feed on a variety of fish. Earlier in 2021, more than 2,000 thousands of swan birds, called twelve-headed geese, crossed the huge high mountains like Himalayas from northern areas like Rajasthan and China to spend the winter in the Thola sanctuary. A bird named Falcon was also seen by the local system. New birds Red Crested Pochard 20 to 22 seen.

Bird census was conducted by 60 ornithologists in 8 areas during 27 and 28 January. Birds from countries like Russia, Australia, Europe, China and the cold regions of the Himalayas and north-eastern states stay here for two months. The bird named Kunj has traveled a distance of ten thousand kilometers and has come to the bird sanctuary located at Thola in Kadi. At one time about 5 to 6 thousand Surkhabo were seen here. Nests of high flying storks are found in large numbers here. It has gray legs, common coot (Bhagatada), brahminidug, heronry bird, karkara, surkhaab, common crane. In 2018, 92 species of birds were seen and this year 87 species were seen.

GPS installed
In 2022, 4 birds with GPS in the year returned to Thol Lake in 2023.
Based on GPS, it is believed that the Kunj birds have reached Thola once again this year after covering a distance of 10,000 km. GPS GSM device installed and abandoned. Kunja was wearing a yellow ring on his feet. So that it can be recognized from a distance. This equipment is powered by solar energy. Records the location of the bow every 10 minutes. Information flows from mobile towers to researchers.

Senior scientist of Indian Wildlife Institute, Dr. After being released in 2021 under the guidance of Suresh Kumar, the 4.1 kg Kunj was fitted with a GPS device and went in search of food in the fields around Thola. Returned to the sanctuary at 3:30 pm for night rest. Extensive information was obtained about winter accommodation around Thol.

In 2020, Kunj was equipped with a similar device in Wadla village of Lakhtar taluka of Surendranagar district near Nala Sarovar. The journey to breeding ground Kazakhstan was completed in March-April 2020 covering a distance of 4800 km. From there he returned to Gujarat by the same route. Detailed information about the trip.

These birds have climbed Everest from cold countries like Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Himalayas. As soon as the mercury here goes below zero, people come to Gujarat to escape from it.

More than 70 exotic species of birds come here. 30 to 40 thousand birds come. 150 species of birds live here. 60 percent of it is aquatic birds.

4 types of fish are found. These include Shingi, Katla, Rohun and Mingral. Apart from this, amphibians also include bullfrog and marble toad. Reptiles include rat, snake, cobra, checkered keelback, garden lizard, fan throated lizard, shrikes, begal monitor lizard, Indian flapsail tortoise etc. The animals found in this area are Nilgai (Rozdan), wildebeest, wolf, jackal and antelope.

The sanctuary mostly has native Acacia trees in abundance, which proves to be a safe nesting site for birds. There has been no illegal hunting of birds.

1 lakh 65 thousand tourists came to Thol in three years

Thol Bird Sanctuary is a man-made lake. Thol Bird Sanctuary has been recognized as a “Ramsar Site” (wetland of international importance) on 12 August 2021.

‘Gazette of India’ 18 October 2013 has some ecologically sensitive areas. Which includes lands of five Adhana, Jethalaj, Bhimasan, Karoli, Hajipur villages of Kalol taluka of Gandhinagar district and two Tholas and seven villages of Sedfa of Kadi taluka of Mehsana district.

Nalasarovar and Thola Bird Sea Conservation Society has been formed by the state government.
In the bird census conducted in 2018, more than 1,43,000 birds of 122 species were recorded in Nala Sarovar and more than 40,000 birds of 92 species in Thola. In 2020, more than 57,000 birds of 87 species were recorded at Thol Bird Sanctuary.

to tourists
In the year 2021-22, 56500 tourists, in the year 2022-23, 665042 tourists and till January 2023-2024, 42815 tourists came to Thol.

In 1912, an earthen embankment was built to protect it from floods. This irrigation lake is located at a distance of 25 km from Ahmedabad.

In 1986, the Government of Gujarat declared this lake area as a ‘Game Reserve’. The sanctuary was declared in 1988.

Rain water comes through the canal. After 9 feet water level the excess water is drained through waste weir. The maximum water storage capacity of this lake is 312 mega cubic feet. The area of the lake is 15500 hectares i.e. 38 thousand acres. That means 700 or 7 square km. The storage capacity of the lake is 840 lakh cubic meters. Because of the birds 3

Make water surface from feet to 6 feet

Is kept. Located at a distance of 20 km from Kalol and 40 km from Ahmedabad. Thol Lake Bird Sanctuary is a shallow freshwater body surrounded by marsh on the banks and scrub forest on the banks.

It was decided to start Ahmedabad City Bus No. 51 from Laldarwaja to Rancharda up to Thol Sanctuary at a ticket of Rs 20.

There are more than 320 species of birds here. Which is 57% of Gujarat’s total.

List of birds recorded in Thol
1 Coppersmith Barbet
2 Common Woodshrike
3 Ashy Prinia
4 Indian Thick Knees
5 red celebration
6 Asian Cuckoo
7 gray francolin
8 painted stork
9 Indian planners
10 cattle
11 Red-breasted Flycatcher
12 Mango Hoopos
13 peaks
14 Crested Serpent Eagle
15 spotted owl
16 Pied Kingfisher
17 Asian Openbill
18 green bee eater
19 Indian Golden Oriole
20 common hawk cuckoo
21 Indian Lake Heron
22 Black Winged Stilt
23 Pipat of paddy field
24 white-brown fantasy
25 spotted redshanks
26 Greater Painted-Snips
27 Siberian Stonechat
28 bluethroat
29 Great White Pelican
30 Mango Greenshanks
31 Tufted Duck
32 Common Pochard
33 Sulphur-bellied Warbler
34 Eurasian Pigeon
35 white bellied drongos
36 Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher
37 charming prinia
38 Asian paradise-flycatcher
39 twelve headed swan
40 spot-billed ducks
41 Wood Sandpiper
42 common teal
43 Yellow-crowned Woodpecker
44 osprey
45 Indian Peacock
46 crane crane
47 Black-tailed Godwit
48 Glossy Ibis
49 barn swallow
50 black headed cuckoo
51 Red-naped Ibis
52 intermediate herons
53 small herds
54 Black-rumped Flameback
55 comb ducks
56 Gen Bubble
57 Great Gray Baboon
58 common kingfisher
59 general crane
60 Greater Spotted Eagle
61 White-eared Bulbul
62 brown hawk owl
63 Northern Shovel
64 oriental darter
65 Greylag Swan
66 Rudy Shelduck
67 Western Marsh Harrier
68 White-tailed Lapwing
69 blue cheeked bee eater
70 short-toed snake eagle
71 plum headed parrot
72 Rose Ringed Parrot
73 Long-tailed Shrike
74 Eastern Imperial Eagle
75 Eurasian Coot
76 Little Ringed Plover
77 Black Redstart
78 yellow wagtail
79 common snip
80 Citrine Wagtail
81 Chestnut-shouldered Petronia
82 common moorhen
83 common quail
84 short minivet
85 Purple Swampon
86 gadwall
87 Little Grebe
88 Northern Pintail
89 common redshank
90 Orphean Warbler
91 black-headed ibis
92 red necked hawk
93 purple sunbird
94 oriental magpie robin
95 Red-collared Pigeon/Red Turtle Pigeon
96 Eurasian Collared Pigeon
97 Bronze Winged Jacana
98 Greater Flamingo
99 Yellow Wattled Lapwing
100 white-throated kingfishers
101 Eurasian spoonbill
102 Mallard
103 jungle babble
104 Jacobin Cuckoo
105 little cuckoo
106 woolly necked stork
107 purple heron
108 white gray nightingale
109 common tailorbird
110 bay backed shrike
111 white-winged tern
112 barred button quail
113 black-breasted weaver
114 Pied Bushchat
115 great thick knees
116 Oriental honey-buzzard
117 black winged kite
118 white-breasted waterhen
119 Pheasant-tailed Jacana
120 red-vented bulbul
121 Eurasian wren
122 green sandpiper
123 Booted Warbler
124 Brahmani Tara
125 Noisy Reed Warbler
126 Eurasian Sparrowhawk
127 Montagu’s Harrier
128 Cotton Pygmy-Swan
129 Gargani
130 gray heron
131 gray wagtail
132 Indian Nightjar
133 Indian Robin
134 Indian Silverbill
135 Egyptian Vulture
136 miniature flamingo
137 Little Swift
138 Marsh Sandpiper
139 Lesser Whitethroat
140 mustached tern
141 Dalmatian Pelican
142 Black Drongo
143 Red-wattled Lapwing
144 striated heron
145 black headed munia
146 Wire-tailed Swallow
147 Tickled Blue Flycatcher
148 taiga flycatcher
149 brown-breasted flycatcher
150 common cuckoo
151 Booted Eagle
152 Common Sandpiper
153 Great Egret
154 little whistling duck
155 Cinnamon Bittern
156 white wagtail
157 River Bend
158 rough
159 Indian Cormorant
160 rock pigeon
161 black-crowned night heron
162 Ashi Drongo
163 Sykes Warbler
164 Greenish Warbler
165 Paddyfield Warbler
166 Long-billed Pipit
167 white swan
168 Greater white-fronted swan
169 Dusky Craig Martin
170 Rufus Trippy
171 striped swallow
172 Black Headed Bunting
173 carry ayora
174 Purple-rumped Sunbird
175 simple prinia
176 black kite
177 little cormorant
178 great cormorant
179 spotted flycatcher
180 laughing dove
181 black stork
182 Blyth’s Reed Warbler
183 Gul-Bild Tern
184 black eared kite
185 Iron Duck
186 Black-winged Cuckoo Shrike
187 Oriental Scops Owl
188 Blue Rock Thrush
189 small stent
190 Ash-crowned Sparrow Lark
191 plain martin
192 short pratincol
193 Kentish Plover
194 Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse
195 demoiselle crane
196 Common Chiffchaff
197 balloon burst
198 Pied Avocet
199 Zitting Cysticola
200 white-throated fantail
201 Ultramarine Flycatcher
202 red breasted swan
203 Yellow-legged Green Pigeon
204 Greater Kukal
205 tony bellied babbar
206 Bea Weaver
207 big cuckoo