A year after the start of the Rice Fortifications
151 districts in 24 states grew fortified rice; 6.83 LMT disbursed by States/UTs in Phase II
In the second phase, 7.36 LMT quantity was lifted by the States/UTs under ICDS and PM POSHAN.
Hon’ble PM announces supply of fortified rice in every scheme of Government of India on 75th Independence Day
The number of rice mills with blending infrastructure for fortified rice increased from 2690 to 9000 in a single year.
New Delhi, dated 11-08-2022
The number of sickle cell and anemia patients is increasing in Gujarat.
Under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) in the second phase of the Rice Fortification Programme, 151 districts across 24 states have taken fortified rice from the central agency. About 6.83 LMT has been distributed by the States/UTs under this phase which started from 1st April, 2022. A quantity of 7.36 lakh metric tonnes has been taken under the nutrition scheme. In the second phase, about 52 percent of the districts have collected food grains.
So far 17.51 LMT has been distributed. The entire cost of fortification of rice is approximately Rs. 2,700 crore and is borne by the Central Government. The cost of rice flour to add nutrients to cereals or pulse flour ranges from 35 to 65 lakhs.
The effect of fortified rice in reducing anemia and improving iron stores in the body was investigated in Gujarat.
973 children in the age group of 6-12 years having mid-day meals in schools in Gujarat in the year 2018-19. They were studied. The average increase in hemoglobin in the study was 0.4 grams per deciliter. The prevalence of anemia was reduced by 10%. Fortified rice is processed to add vitamin D3, B-12, iron and vitamin A to the rice meal.
Fortified rice is the process of adding fortified rice kernels (FRK). In which micronutrients (iron, folic acid, vitamin B12) prescribed by FSSAI are mixed with FRK of 1 kg in 100 kg custom milled rice in normal rice. Fortified rice is almost identical to traditional rice in aroma, taste and texture.
This process is done in rice mills during rice milling. Elements like iron, zinc, folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin A are added in place of vitamin B12, B1, B6 and vitamin E lost during polishing of rice.
Fortification of rice has been found to be a cost-effective and complementary strategy to increase dietary vitamin and mineral content with a shorter turnaround time (TAT). It is a step towards nutritional security. Helps to eliminate anemia and malnutrition in the country. This strategy is applicable in many geographic regions of the world.
The pilot scheme was of three years duration. It has started from 2019-20. Total Rs. 174.6 crore will be spent. The expenditure estimate for 2018-19 of the Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution (MOCAFPD) for fortification of rice, wheat and milk with a total annual market of Rs. 3,000 crore has been done.
Give wheat in Gujarat
Wheat flour can also be fortified. Against the requirement of about 20,000 metric tonnes of fortified rice for over 51 lakh children from classes 1 to 8 in 2021 for the first quarter, the state could procure only 16,000 metric tonnes of fortified rice from the rice producing states of Punjab and Haryana. That is why the Gujarat government demanded 20 thousand metric tonnes of wheat instead of rice in 2022.
The average monthly per capita consumption of wheat in the country is 4,288 kg (rural) and 4,011 kg (urban). Wheat is consumed more in the urban areas of Gujarat.
Fortified rice alone costs Rs. Rs 1,700 crore will create an assured market as its processing is more expensive than other commodities.
Gujarat was getting 3.5 kg wheat and 1.5 kg rice per person per month under the Centre’s scheme, which was reduced to 2 kg wheat and 3 kg rice. So Gujarat protested.
As on August 15, 2021, the number of rice mills with blending infrastructure with a blending capacity of 13.67 LMT fortifications was 2690. Which has now increased to 9000 rice mills in the country. The cumulative monthly production capacity is 60 lakh metric tonnes i.e. 4 times more than the previous year.
175 LMT of fortified rice to be distributed to all States/UTs by March, 2023. By 2024, nutritious rice will be distributed under several government schemes including the Public Distribution System (PDS) and mid-day meals.
The cumulative annual fortified rice kernel production capacity has increased to 3.5 LMT from 0.9 LMT last year.
NABL accredited laboratories for testing of fortifications were increased from 20 to 30 in August 2021.
Procurement of strong rice from 2020-21. So far about 145.93 LMT of fortified rice has been procured.
Fortified Rice (Fortified Rice Kernel)
Fortified rice is rice that has been made into nutritious rice keeping in mind the nutrients required by the body. Extrusion is considered to be the best technology for fortification of rice. In which fortified rice is produced using an extruder machine.
How does extraction technology work?
In the extraction technique, rice flour is mixed with micronutrients by adding water to the heating area.
twin pen again
Through f extrusion it produces artificial rice like rice shape. Its length is 5 mm and width is 2.2 mm.
Every second woman in the country is malnourished and every third child is not developing properly. Malnutrition among women and children in India. India ranks 94th out of 107 countries in the global hunger rankings.
India consumes 6.8 kg of rice per person per month. For this reason, malnutrition can be reduced by distributing nutritious rice to the poor.
10 grams mixed with 1 kg of regular rice.
Nutrients need to be added. Iron (28 mcg-42.5 mcg), folic acid (75-125 mcg) and vitamin B-12 (0.75-1.25 mcg). 1 kg of fortified rice contains Zinc (10 mg-15 mg), Vitamin A (500-750 µg RE), Vitamin B-1 (1 mg-1.5 mg), Vitamin B-2 (1.25 mg-1.75 mg), Vitamin Is. B-3 (12.5 mg-20 mg) and vitamin B-6 (1.5 mg-2.5 mg).
Rs 15-20 lakh is required to produce 4-5 tonnes of fortified rice in 1 hour.
What would be the cost of the fortification?
The cost of production of FRK with three micronutrients iron, folic acid and vitamin B-12 is Rs 0.60 per kg. Fortified rice will be packed in jute bags (‘+F’) for identification. The bag has the line “Fortified with iron, folic acid and vitamin B12.”
Some people think of this rice as plastic rice because it looks thick and becomes sticky during cooking but it is not so. Plastic rice floats on water, fortified rice does not.