Now sugarcane factories have also started making fuel to run motorcars. Hence the relationship between politicians and sugar mills has become closer.
About Rs 15,000 crore has been spent on sugar mills in Uttar Pradesh by the Yogi government. Sugar mills get a lot of donations from politicians and parties. Sugar mill owners of political parties give them donations. Sugarcane is cultivated in about 12 states of the country. There is an old relationship between the government and the sugar mill owners. The party changes, the government changes but the negative nexus between the leaders and the mill owners does not end.
Sugar mills are now shifting to ethanol production instead of sugarcane.
On an average, 1600 to 2000 liters of water is required for 100 kg of sugar and 70 liters of ethanol. Water consumption will be higher for ethanol. 4.26 billion liters and grains, and especially corn, produce 2.58 billion liters of ethanol.
Uttar Pradesh has become the largest ethanol producing state, as a major part of sugarcane production in Uttar Pradesh is used in the production of ethanol.
It is estimated that 12.60 lakh tonnes of sugar has been used to produce ethanol from sugarcane in the year 2021-22, which was 7.19 lakh tonnes in 2020-21 and 4.81 lakh tonnes in 2019-20 and 0.31 lakh tonnes in 2018-2018 . Tons of sugar were used.
Uttar Pradesh has achieved the highest blending ratio of ethanol and petrol among all the states.
Lower prices are obtained for ethanol production. Directly producing ethanol from sugarcane juice. The central government should fix the prices at the local level.
In Uttar Pradesh, sugar mills generate 1200 MW of electricity. 2095 per tonne, which is less. The regulator has fixed the price of bagasse in Gujarat at Rs. 2075 per tonne and in Maharashtra Rs. 2509 per ton has been fixed.
Sugar production a year ago was 36.3 million tonnes. The Chinese year starts from October and lasts till September. This means that the country produced a total of 35.24 million tonnes of sugar from October 2021 to May 30, 2022, a record so far. One of the main reasons for the decline in sugarcane and sugar production in Uttar Pradesh is that CO-0238 Sugarcane disease is increasing in more than 80 percent of the sugarcane area in the state. In export, ethanol and bagasse power generation, industries are in a weaker position as compared to states like Maharashtra.
Gujarat has a solution for this. Navya Name Gujarat Sugarcane – Co.N.13072 (GNS-11 Navya) The new variety has yielded 132.53 tonnes per hectare in South Gujarat. A new variety of sugarcane has been developed by Navsari Agricultural University. Another known variety Co.N.05071 (Gujarat Sugarcane 5) produced 113.84 tonnes.
Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra have once again emerged as India’s top sugar producing states after five years. It has left behind Uttar Pradesh in sugar production. The total production of sugar by Maharashtra in the year 2021-22 is 138 lakh tonnes. A total of 105 lakh tonnes of sugar has been produced by Uttar Pradesh in 2021-22.
Sugarcane crop is affected by red rot disease all over Uttar Pradesh. While farmers are facing losses in production, sugar mills are also suffering due to non-recovery of sugar.
30 September 2022 The sugar production of Uttar Pradesh is 102.50 lakh tonnes. It is expected to be in the range of 90 to 100 lakh tonnes in the next season. On the other hand, Maharashtra’s sugar production stood at 137.30 lakh tonnes in the current season, which is expected to cross 150 lakh tonnes in the next season.
Sugar production of Uttar Pradesh will be around 35 lakh tonnes less than Maharashtra in the sugar season. While this difference is expected to reach 5 million tonnes in the next season.
As of September 2022, sugar mills in Uttar Pradesh owed farmers Rs 4832.49 crore.
Uttar Pradesh was the largest sugar producer in the country till last year. Now Maharashtra has started producing the highest amount of sugar in the country.
Not only this, sugar production in states like Karnataka is expected to reach 75 lakh tonnes in the coming season. It is clear that the backwardness of Uttar Pradesh is troubling both the farmers and the sugar industry here.
A variety developed by Dr. CO-0238 Bakshiram at ICAR’s Coimbatore Center. This version was released in 2009. Sugarcane has been the most successful variety. The CO-0238 variety has been badly affected by this disease in 2022. Navi set new records in productivity and sugar production. Now comes scarlet fever. In Uttar Pradesh, in 27 lakh hectare area, 90% of the area was planted with the new variety CO-0238. This year only 81 percent of the area was planted with this variety.
The average productivity of sugarcane increased from 65.15 tonnes to 81.50 tonnes per hectare. The percentage of getting sugar has increased from 9.54 percent to 11.73 percent. Last year the percentage of sugar had decreased. The quantity of sugar received this year was 11.15 percent.
This year sugarcane productivity has fallen to 79.50 tonnes per hectare.
Sugarcane crushing was 112.8 million tonnes in 2019-20, which declined to 102.8 million tonnes in 2020-21. This year 2022 is 100.09 million tonnes.
If the same species is planted, the incidence of disease increases. One species fails in 12-13 years. New seeds have not grown since the arrival of Modi and Yogi.
Sugar mills of Uttar Pradesh lag behind Maharashtra in exports. Being close to the port, most of the exports The supply goes through sugar mills in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka. Of the 112 lakh tonnes exported from India, one million tonnes are from Uttar Pradesh. Maharashtra exported 65 lakh tonnes and Karnataka 35 lakh tonnes.
In Uttar Pradesh, the money for sugarcane purchase is not given to the farmers on time.
As on September 1, 2022, sugar mills in Uttar Pradesh had an outstanding of Rs 4832.49 crore.
There are many reasons for the huge production of sugar in Maharashtra. Maharashtra has a good supply of water. Thanks to Shiv Sena, farmers get good water from reservoir canal network and ground water.
Maharashtra has been receiving substantial rainfall since 2019.
As a result, the area under sugarcane production eventually increased from 11.42 lakh hectares to 12.4 lakh hectares.