Dilip Patel – 02 December 2021
Gujarat Groundnut 41 (JPS 65) Padma A new variety has been developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Suitable for rainfed conditions, high oily and medium bold kernel, useful for oil industry and food purpose, average yield of horn is 2722 kg per hectare. Groundnut is ready in 120 days. Resistant to diseases.
636 kg is high yielding variety. So the 10 lakh farmers who grow groundnut, if they plant these new seeds, can get an additional yield of Rs 6,000 crore annually. Even if we consider a 50 per cent drop in production, the new variety called Padma has the potential to increase direct production by Rs 3,000 crore.
The groundnut stem becomes infected. The white fungus or rabies thrush is covered with a mass of black spongy fungus. Due to this the plant or its branches dry up quickly. Plants turn yellow and then dry up. By which this property protects. The percentage of grain and oil is also high. Against zic gills leaf spot, ocher disease, thrips, leaf-eating caterpillars.
Peanuts are resistant to fungal diseases – collar rot. Prevents fungus from coming in. There is a variety that can fight thrips and leaf fungus.
Groundnut fungus-rust disease destroys farmers financially. Significantly reduces the yield and oil quality of the horns and leaves of the plant. The new species effectively fights against it.
The Agriculture Department expects a production of 40 lakh tonnes of groundnut in the monsoon of 2021-22 in 19.14 lakh hectares. The yield per hectare is estimated at 2086 kg. Thus groundnut is cultivated in Gujarat in 20 lakh hectares. If all the farmers grow new variety, they can get 2722 kg per hectare in a year. That is, a direct increase of 636 kg per hectare. Additional production of 1270 million kg can be achieved from 20 lakh hectares. Even if Rs 50 per kg is considered, a direct benefit of Rs 6360 crore can be obtained from the new seeds.
Aspergillus fungus has developed into a toxin called aflatoxin in groundnut seeds of Gujarat. When farmers of Saurashtra remove the goods from their fields, up to 1 percent of the grains are found to contain such toxic substances. When traders export peanut kernels, the goods are rejected as they contain a good amount of toxic substances.
Groundnut is grown in Gujarat from 47 types of seeds, most of the farmers plant groundnut in their field in the second year.
According to the scientists of Junagadh Agricultural University, the production of Gujarat Groundnut 41 (GG 41) is 2722 kg per hectare. Which gives 16 percent more yield than other varieties. GG 11 variety gives 2352 kg, GJG 17 variety gives 2344 kg.