Water saving by the new DSR method of direct sowing of paddy
Dilip Patel, 13 MAY 2022
About 5,000 liters of water is required for one kilogram of rice. To reduce water consumption, farmers are adopting a new method of direct sowing of paddy. Water saving is 20-25 percent. The yield of paddy increases. In Gujarat, 10 lakh crore liters of water is used to cook 20 lakh tones of rice.
In the year 2021-22, direct sowing of paddy with Punjab DSR technique was done in 5.62 lakh hectare against the target of 10 lakh hectare. Which was 18% of the total paddy cultivation.
1500 per acre, as this method saves a lot of water in sowing.
Printing increases wages. Direct sowing by machine also saves labor cost. The cost is also less. The cost per hectare seems to be low as compared to other methods.
Farmers are advised not to do direct sowing in sandy soil. Iron is deficient in sandy soils and weeds are more of a problem. Paddy is sown directly in alluvial soil.
Farmers should plant such short duration varieties which are ready in 140 days.
The last date for sowing paddy is 18th June. Planting will start from 22nd June.
The sowing schedule of paddy is fixed under DSR technique.
The government is giving Rs 1,500 in Punjab and Rs 4,000 in Haryana. Gujarat government does not give anything.
Paddy is sown in dry fields before the rains. When there is sufficient moisture in the field, the seeds are sown by drill. In the second method, the germinated seeds are sown in the field by drum cider.
Seeds should be sown only to a depth of 2-3 cm. The distance of direct sowing of diamond by machine is 18-22 cm. And the distance of the plant is 5-10 cm. is kept.
Zero teal drill or multi crop machine is used for direct sowing of paddy.
For direct sowing method, 45 to 50 kg seed per hectare is sufficient. The deposition efficiency should be 85-90 percent. Low germination and seed propagation have to be considered.
Advantages of direct sowing over Dharu
Zero tillage can be sown easily by adding manure and seeds to the machine. This saves seeds and increases the efficiency of fertilizer application.
There is a saving of 25-30 laborers per hectare.
There is no need to prepare and transplant paddy seedlings.
The cost of raising and planting seedlings is saved.
Production cost comes down.
Hector delivers 35-40 liters of diesel.
Paddy sowing is completed on time.
More production is expected.
Matures 7-10 days earlier. So Ravi benefits in the crop.
Timely sowing can be done.
planting – production
With a production of 2322 kg per hectare in 2020-21, the agriculture department was expected to produce 19.44 lakh tonnes of rice in 8.37 lakh hectares. The maximum area under paddy in central Gujarat was 5.40 lakh hectares. The farmers of Ahmedabad do the largest cultivation of paddy in the entire state covering 1.33 lakh hectares. Anand 1.17, Kheda were planted in 1.14 lakh hectares. A total of 2.70 lakh hectares were sown in South Gujarat. Paddy is not ripened at all in Saurashtra.
In this way, even if 20 percent of the 10 lakh crore liters of water is saved, it is considered good. Farmers can benefit crores of rupees by increasing production and reducing cost.
Gujarat has seen a huge drop of 2.5 million tonnes in food grains. This creates concern. Chana, rice, indicate an increase in oil production.
ડાંગરની ટેકાના ભાવે અડધો ટકો ખરીદી થઈ, ગુજરાતના ખેડૂતોને અન્યાય