Gandhinagar, 25 April 2023
The Hindu ideology government of BJP is starting a big campaign for cow based natural farming and cows. But the situation on earth is somewhat different. Subsidy of Rs 900 per indigenous cow for natural farming. But it is barely 4 per cent. In 2012, including Desi and Shankar, the cow dynasty was 1 crore, which has increased to 96 lakh 43 thousand in 2019. In which there are 20 lakh bulls and 67 lakh 66 thousand cows. In this way 47 lakh bulls are missing.
Cattle decreased and milk increased
Milk production was 9.81 crore kg in 2012, which increased to 14.50 crore liters in 2019. How will milk production increase if cows are less? The number of pharmacists has also not increased that much.
native cow fell
Secondly, the number of indigenous cows in 2012 was 50 lakh 32 thousand, which decreased to 43 lakh 77 thousand in 2019 in 7 years. 6 lakh 55 thousand cows have decreased. One lakh indigenous cows are decreasing every year. On that account, the number of indigenous cows may increase to 40 lakhs in 2023.
native bulls are missing
Calf birth rates are high in cows that give birth to calves. According to that today there should have been more than 40 lakh indigenous bulls or bullocks. But in 2019 it was only 18 lakh 50 thousand. Which was 30 lakh 25 thousand in 2012. There will be hardly 16 lakh bulls in 2023, in this way 50 percent of the bulls will be reduced in 7 years. Those who are either intoxicated with alcohol or have been murdered.
Thus there are only 16 lakhs of cows as against 40 lakhs of oxen. The remaining 24 lakh bulls are missing. Where did he go? The government is not giving any answer.
Shankar or hybrid breed cows increased to 32 lakh 70 thousand in 2019 in comparison to native cows in 2012. The number of Shankar cows and bulls has decreased from one lakh 92 thousand to one lakh 36 thousand.
Regarding natural farming, work has been started on ‘Mission Mode’ for natural farming in Gujarat, with the aim that the whole of India should take inspiration from Gujarat. Foundation Day of Gujarat; Gave detailed guidance about the natural farming campaign starting from May 1 at the village level.
Dang district is purely natural farming district. The entire state of Gujarat can become a completely natural farming state.
Instructions have been given to establish special market arrangements at village level, taluka level and district level for two days in a week so that the farmers doing organic farming get proper market for their produce. He also requested the Collectors-DDOs to visit the farm-wadis of the best organic farming farmers once a week.
From May 1, 2023, the foundation day of Gujarat state, farmers from 14,455 gram panchayat areas of the state will be trained in villages. 1473 clusters of 10 villages have been formed. 10 skilled farmers doing organic farming in any village; Both of them have been given special training by the state government as ‘master trainers’, as well as an expert representative of self-agriculture department will provide free organic farming training to the farmers in the allotted ten villages.
Back to nature solution is with nature itself. Serious diseases can be seen at any age. Excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has created serious health problems. In such a situation, the method of natural farming is very important. It is certain that the people of the state will be greatly benefited by adopting natural farming methods.
In order to encourage farmers-herders for natural farming based on indigenous cow, the state government gives 900 rupees per month for the maintenance of indigenous cow. But the government has not disclosed how many cows are given. 10 thousand 800 is given per year. The government had allocated Rs 213 crore in 2022-23. Means it is given to the owners of two lakh cows.
How hollow is the government’s policy depends on the allocation of its funds. The provision of 213 crores was reduced to 198 crores. The government has not disclosed how much it spent. This year also the same provision has been made in 2023-24. This simply means that the government itself wants to continue supporting only 1 lakh 97 thousand 750 cows. More than this, the farmers do not want to increase natural farming. At the end of the year 2022, assistance of Rs 179 crore 35 lakh was given to 1 lakh 84 thousand 521 cattle rearers.
The scheme is implemented by the Agricultural Technology Management Agency – ATMA.
A provision of 2013 crore has been made for starting the scheme in 2021-22.
A provision of 213.57 crore was made in 2022-23.
The revised estimate for 2022-23 was 198.48 crores.
A provision of 213.57 crore has been made in 2023-24.
The number of native cows in Gujarat is 43 lakh 77 thousand. Out of these, only 1 lakh 84 thousand have been given assistance of Rs 900. Which is like 4 percent.
Expenditure on cow is high but Dang district has been selected for complete natural farming but only 13 thousand 480 farmers of Dang district have been paid Rs 6 crore 89 lakh completely chemical free. Artificial insemination of 25 thousand cows was done last year on 100 percent natural farming in Dang district.
A provision of Rs 60 crore was made for the establishment of the Gujarat Natural Agriculture Development Board.
Optical fiber network is used by farmers in 70% of Gujarat’s villages.
State Chief Secretary Rajkumar said that he has directed the Collectors-DDOs to ensure proper and high quality of the supply chain.
Suggested to make proper arrangements so that natural agricultural products can get better market and natural agricultural products can reach consumers with more purchasing power.
That is, there is no market structure for organic farming in Gujarat yet.
Additional Chief Secretary, Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Department. K. Rakesh told that at present four lakh 32 thousand farmers are doing natural farming in Gujarat. The state government has given training in organic farming to 12 lakh 36 thousand farmers. The state government is giving Rs 900 per month to 1 lakh 86 thousand farmers for the maintenance of cows for doing natural farming based on indigenous cows. Apart from Dang, relatively more farmers are practicing organic farming in Devbhoomi Dwarka, Narmada, Gir Somnath and Anand districts.