Guava export boom – the gardens of Bhavnagar are decreasing

Guavas of Gujarat are destined for foreigners, the gardens of Bhavnagar are decreasing

(Dilip Patel)
There has been a rapid increase in the number of farmers cultivating horticultural crops in Gujarat. The fruits grown in Gujarat are also in great demand abroad. The country’s fruit exports have increased by 260 percent in the last 8 years since 2013.
In 2020-21, 1.75 lakh tonnes of guava has been cultivated in 14326 hectares in Gujarat.
In 2012-13, 1.58 lakh tonnes of guava was cultivated in 10611 hectares in Gujarat.
In 2005-06, 99 thousand guavas were grown in 7 thousand hectares in Gujarat.
Bhavnagar has the highest number of guava. Vadodara is at number two. Now guava orchards are decreasing in Bhavnagar.
In Bhavnagar 12-13 in 3900 hectares was 69 thousand tonnes. Which was 36400 tonnes in 3452 hectares. Thus there has been a decline in planting in Bhavnagar and 50 percent reduction in production.
Improved guava varieties are in high demand in neighboring countries from Bangladesh and Nepal to the Netherlands, the United Arab Emirates, Iran, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. In the year 2021-22, India exported guava worth more than Rs 15 crore.
India is the second largest producer of horticultural crops. India contributes about 12 percent of the world’s fruit and vegetable production. Gujarat has 7% of India’s share. In 2002, 31 lakh tonnes of fruits were produced in 2.16 lakh hectares. In 2021-21, 82.51 lakh tonnes of crop was harvested in 4.33 lakh hectares.
The production in the country is estimated to be 331 million tonnes during the year 2020-21. Guava is cultivated in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh.
In the year 2019-20, the area under guava (orchard) was 2.92 lakh hectares and production was 4361 thousand metric tons, while in the year 2020-21, according to the third advance estimate, the area was 3.10 lakh hectares and the production was 4361 thousand metric tons. can be 4469 thousand metric tons.
In 1991-21, only 94,000 hectares of guava were planted, which increased to 155,000 hectares in 2001-02, while production increased from 1.1 million tonnes to 1.7 million tonnes during this period.
The new varieties of Japanese guava are Taiwanese, VNR, Taiwanese Pink, Diamond and Thai Guava. There is a demand abroad.