Gandhinagar, 6 June 2023
When Acharya Devvrat Pathak was the Governor of Himachal Pradesh before Gujarat, he launched a public awareness campaign to encourage the farmers there to adopt organic farming. He did the same when he came to Gujarat. But a farmer from Himachal has defeated Pathak in winning the award.
Pathak said today that a recent survey report by the Academy of Management Studies, Lucknow and the National Institute of Agricultural Area Management, Hyderabad states that the adoption of organic farming methods reduced the agricultural production cost of Himachal Pradesh farmers by 36 percent. Is. Production has increased by 8 percent.
Compared to chemical farming, farmers are getting 28.6 percent more profit. 75% farmers are giving more importance to natural farming than chemical farming. Horticulture farmers in Himachal Pradesh have increased their net profit by 21.44 percent from natural farming. The cost of production has also reduced from 14.34 percent to 45.55 percent. Not only has the taste of the fruit improved, but the production has also increased.
Devvrat Pathak may claim to be doing good work for organic farming in Himachal, but a farmer there has been awarded the country’s highest honor by the central government for organic farming for 30 years.
Who is the farmer
Nekram Sharma, a 59-year-old farmer who was born on May 1, 1964 and studied till secondary school, started natural farming. His formula is being used in other states as well. Got recognition after 30 years of hard work. He has been awarded the Padma Shri on 27 January 2023.
30 years ago in 1993, he started natural farming without chemicals. Despite many difficulties, Nekram Sharma started connecting the villagers as well. Naturally grown wheat, maize, millet, barley and other vegetables.
Sharma’s natural vegetables are in demand from Himachal Pradesh to the capital Delhi. With the introduction of natural farming, he first reduced the use of chemicals and gradually eliminated them. Nekram Sharma’s natural farming formula is being used not only in Himachal Pradesh but also in other states
The farmers around his village do farming with the help of cow dung.
It comes under Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. Kisan Nekram was born in Naj village of Karsog. His father’s name is Jalam Ram Sharma and mother’s name is Kamla Devi. Nekram Sharma’s wife is Ram Kali Sharma. Son’s name is Jitram Sharma and daughter’s name is Suresh and Deepa. Nekram Sharma’s wife Ramkali Sharma also has an important contribution in achieving this achievement of her husband.
A new method of nine grains
He is reviving the traditional cropping system of nine grains. Nine Grains is a natural intercropping system in which nine grains are grown on the same plot of land without any chemical application. This reduces water consumption by 50 percent and increases soil fertility. Produces local indigenous seeds and distributes them free of cost to over 10,000 farmers across six states.
Cereals are not only nutritious but also very beneficial for health. This grain gives relief from diseases like cancer.
Born in a simple family in Nanj village of Karsog, 59-year-old farmer Nek Ram has done extraordinary work for the conservation and breeding of traditional cereals. For this reason importance is given to traditional agriculture even in the modern era. It has not only increased its reach by saving the seeds of cereals, but has also spread awareness about the vanishing millet by connecting one thousand farmers.
Whole grains are rich in nutrients. Along with protecting them, cultivation should also be done. Coarse cereals include Ragi, Jhangora, Kauni, Cheena etc., Paddy, Wheat, Barley, Pulses Gahat, Bhatt, Masoor, Chapati, Rajma, Mash etc., Oilseeds, Minor use crops Chhailai, Kuttu etc. Ogla, Bathua, Kalo, Bhangira, Jakhia etc. But over time the traditional seeds also disappeared and the method of growing them also changed. Nekram’s wife, daughter-in-law and son help a lot.
40 types of cereals
Nek Ram has created a unique seed bank of 40 types of cereals. There are many such grains in this seed bank, which are on the verge of extinction. There are many such, about whom you would hardly have heard. Started farming after not getting a job till 1984.
Using pesticides, he thought, why can’t natural farming be done? His thinking and search took him to Bangalore. Information about natural farming techniques was also obtained from the Dharwad University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. Where he learned about the traditional farming of agriculture. Learned about the method of nine grains. After that got a chance to study in Nauni and Palampur University and around 1995 completely adopted natural farming. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry Professor Dr. J.P. Took natural farming tips during training from Upadhyay.
The farmer started natural farming on 6 bighas of land.
Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri awards are among the highest civilian honors of the country. These awards are given annually by the Government of India to Indian citizens for their exceptional work.
Natural farming also proves helpful in keeping diseases away. Chemical farming is not only harmful to the human body but also spoils the fertile soil.
Chief Minister Jairam Thakur announced in the 2022-23 budget speech that 50,000 acres of land would be brought under natural farming.
According to the agriculture department, the total cost of conventional farming is around Rs 2.30 lakh per hectare, while the cost of natural farming is around Rs.
According to official data, 1.68 lakh farmers have adopted this technology in 9,388 hectares, of whom 90,000 are women farmers.
The Agriculture Department of Himachal Pradesh has set a target of bringing an additional 30,000 acres of land under natural farming in the year 2023-24. This information was provided by officers. Presently, there are 1.59 lakh farmers practicing organic farming on about 50,000 acres of land in the state.
Himachal’s first natural agricultural product sales center will open in 2022. 100 villages are being developed as model villages of natural farming and excellent models of natural farming are being established in all panchayats of the state, which is targeted to be completed by March 2023.
Today is a proud day for Himachal Pradesh, as farmer Nek Ram Sharma has been awarded the Padma Shri. Three Padma Vibhushan, five Padma Bhushan and 47 Padma Shri awards for the year 2023 were conferred at the second investiture ceremony held at the Durbar Hall of Rashtrapati Bhavan. Let us tell you that the first investiture ceremony was held on 22 March. Nekram Sharma, resident of Karsog, district Mandi, Himachal was honored in this felicitation ceremony.
The population of the state of Himachal Pradesh is equal to 70 lakhs of Ahmedabad.
Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh provides direct employment to 71 percent of the population. It contributes about 30 percent to the state’s GDP. The newly sown area of Himachal Pradesh is 5,38,412 hectares. The total cropped area is 9,40,597 hectares. The total irrigated area is 7 lakh hectares. The Himachal Pradesh government had expected to cover 9.61 lakh farmer families under the scheme by the end of 2022.
Certificates will be given to 87 thousand farmers doing natural farming in Himachal. So far, certificates have been given to 52 thousand farmers doing natural farming in the state. In the financial year 2023-24, certificates will be given to 87 thousand new farmers. More than 1.59 lakh farmers and gardeners practice organic farming in the state.
Efforts will be made to certify about one and a half lakh farmers doing organic farming in the year 2023-24. 28% farmers have adopted natural farming on their own without any training and learning from each other.
This year a target has been set to bring 30 thousand acres of land under natural farming. He also asked the officials to make elaborate preparations for the marketing of nutritious grains.
In the budget of 2022-23, a provision has been made to bring such 50 thousand acres of land under cultivation. There is a target to convert 100 villages into natural farming villages as per national standards and to register all farmers practicing natural farming and certify the best 50,000 farmers as natural farmers.
Natural farming has been studied by independent institutions.
One thousand 29 hectares of land is under natural cultivation in Sirmaur district including different areas of the state. 75% on plastic drums for the production of natural agricultural liquid or a maximum of Rs. A subsidy of Rs 750 per drum is given on the purchase of 3 drums. 80 percent or maximum of Rs. A grant amount of eight thousand is given. The government gives subsidy of 50 percent or a maximum of 25 thousand rupees to the farmers on the purchase of indigenous cows.
Rs 46 crore 15 lakh has been spent on natural farming in the state. More than 1 lakh 54 thousand farmers have been benefitted by this. Under this, an area of 9 thousand 192 hectares has been covered so far.
Best models are being prepared under Khushhal Kisan Yojana
Excellent models have been prepared in every panchayat.
In the year 2018, the Government of Himachal Pradesh, taking an important step, started the ‘Natural Farming Happy Farmer’ scheme. To reduce the use of chemicals in agro-horticulture, ‘Subhash Palekar Natural Agriculture’ method has been used. A financial provision of 25 crores was made.
Till now there are more than 1 lakh 71 thousand farmers
This system has reached 99 percent panchayats of the state and 1,17,762 bigha (9,421 hectares) of land is being cultivated and horticultured with this system.
In natural farming, production is considered to be a force of nature. Agricultural traction activities are also not carried out. Production in natural farming may be lower than chemical farming methods, but input costs are also much lower, resulting in a higher benefit-cost ratio. Natural farming has a balance of beneficial and harmful insects and micro-organisms. In natural farming mainly farming is done using Jeevamrit, Bijamrit, Panchgavya cover etc. Panchgavya- Substances obtained from cow dynasty are used like cow urine, dung, ghee, buttermilk, milk etc. Allows the use of inputs based on indigenous cow dung-urine and local vegetation. This farming technique, which is eco-friendly and gives better yield at low cost, reduces the dependence of the farmer on the market.
The scheme has covered 2669 farmers against the target of covering 500 farmers in the year 2018-19. Till the year 2019-20, 54,914 farmers were doing organic farming on 2,451 hectares of land.
The Himachal Pradesh model has been made the base for implementing natural farming across the country. of other states of Himachal country
helps. Gujarat, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are prominent among them. The government gives 50 percent subsidy on the purchase of Indian breed cow. Provides 80 percent subsidy on widening the floor of the cow shed and making a pit for collecting cow urine. There is 75% subsidy for drums.
A survey conducted in the first year revealed
It has been found that natural farming has reduced the cost of cultivation by 46%. Profit increased by 22%. Diseases in apple were 9.2% on leaves and 2.1% on fruits. In contrast, in chemical cultivation, the incidence is 14.2% on leaves and 9.2% on fruits. marsanina was also found to be only 12.2% in natural cultivated gardens, while it was 18.4% in chemical gardens.
About 35% of the total geographical area and about 40% of the total cultivable area. The major crops are wheat, maize, paddy, gram, sugarcane, mustard, potato, vegetables etc.
Mid hill region:
About 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the total cultivable area. The main crops grown are wheat, maize, barley, black gram, pulses, paddy etc.
High Hill Region:
About 35% of the total geographical area and about 21% of the total cultivable area. Commonly grown crops are wheat, barley, short millet, pseudocereals (buckwheat and amla), maize and potato etc.
Cold dry region:
About 8% of the total geographical area and 2% of the total cultivated area. The main crops grown are wheat, barley and pseudocereals.
According to the 2011 census, the total population of Himachal Pradesh was 68 lakh 56 thousand. Which is ranked 21st in the country. Kangra district has the highest population.
The life expectancy of the people of Himachal Pradesh is 63 years. Which is more than the Indian average. The official and popular language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi. However, most of the people also speak Pahari languages.