Four integrated farming system models were established for year-round income and employment. Agriculture Crops Rice, Maize, Jowar, Red Gram, Green Gram, Horticultural Banana, Papaya, Guava, Pomegranate, Apple, Rosewood, Pomelo Citrus Vegetables, Livestock 0.56 ha wetland IFS model including Ongole Cows. Kadaknath and Asil have been developed for poultry, fish.
Similarly two IFS models were established for Gujarat and Rajasthan covering horticulture and livestock. It is clear from this model that how much income a farmer can get in agriculture on less land.
Models were made for agricultural crops, Gir cows and fish at Junagadh Agricultural University. In half a hectare, it was studied how much income farmers, herders and fishermen actually get. Half a hectare had a net income of 88 thousand per year. In which a total of 317 human din were employed.
Whereas multi-storey horticulture, firm pond was constructed in 0.60 hectare in Navsari Agricultural University Fee Pond. which was studied. That’s exactly how much revenue it generates. According to him, the annual income was 83 thousand rupees. In which 300 people were employed.
Both these studies show that if 1.25 to 2 acres i.e. 4 to 5 acres of land is used for farming and other business, an income of Rs 83 to 88 thousand per year can be obtained. The Central Government’s Indian Council of Agricultural Research has released the report.
Now, in the eyes of the farmers, the conclusions can be as follows:
However, both these studies have been carried out scientifically by agronomists and experts. If the farmer does the same work, he can earn up to 50% less. That is, in 4 bighas of land, the farmer can get an income of 40 thousand annually. A person can earn 7000 to 3500 rupees per month.
There are 58 lakh farmers in Gujarat. In which 22 lakh farmers with less than 1 hectare have 12 lakh hectares of land.
Between 1 and 1.99 hectares, 17 lakh farmers have 25 lakh hectares of land.
Between 2 and 3.99 hectares, 11 lakh farmers have 33 lakh hectares of land.
4.5 lakh farmers with 4 to 9.9 hectares of land have 2.50 lakh hectares of land. It has been declining by 5 percent since 2001. Medium farmers with land up to 10 hectares are declining at the rate of 1 percent per annum.
30 thousand farmers with more than 10 hectares of land have 3 lakh hectares of land.
Large farmers having land of more than 410 hectares are facing a loss of 10 per cent every year. In this way, in 10 years, big farmers will be left with only 2 to 4 percent.
Thus Gujarat will have 50 percent or 30 lakh farmers who will have half hectare of land in just 3 years.
Thus a study has been done on how 30 lakh farmers can cultivate half a hectare of land. Considering the high cost of cultivation, a farmer’s family requires an income of 10 to 15 thousand per month. This model does not generate much revenue. It is clear from this model that how much income a farmer can earn from farming on less land.