Laldarwaja AMTS City Bus Station Replica of Leeds Bus Station, England

Dilip Patel
Ahmedabad, 6 June 2023
The renovated Heritage Lal Darwaza Terminus was opened on 6 June 2023 by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. Laldarwaja AMTS Terminus was constructed in the year 1955-56. After that many renovations and designs were done. It is a replica of the bus station in Leeds, England. In 2017, the city of Ahmedabad was awarded the country’s first heritage city status by the UNESCO Heritage Department. Keeping this in mind, the Lal Darwaza terminus was reconstructed to make it a heritage terminus to commemorate the heritage of the city. AMTS is first public city transport in the country.

How is Leeds Bus Station?
Leeds City Bus Station is in the city of Leeds, England. It is owned and operated by West Yorkshire Metro. It is situated between the Quarry Hill and Leeds Kirkgate Market areas of Leeds city centre. National Express Dyer Street Coach Station is connected to the bus station.

The bus station opened on 31 August 1938 as Leeds Central Bus Station. Built in the same style as Quarry Hill Flats. The station was rebuilt on 30 September 1963. Leeds train station is 800 meters from the bus station. The railway station was linked to the bus station by the FreeCitybus service. The building has a steel, concrete, brick structure. There is a glass ceiling. Natural light is maximum.

After the approval of the proposal in the year 2019, the renovation work of Laldarwaja Terminus was to start. But it took two years to get permission from the Delhi-based Archaeological Department due to the heritage building being about 200 meters away from the bus terminus. In the year 2017, it was to be made from 5.72 crores. A new bus stand has been built in place of the Laldarwa bus stand built 65 years ago in 1955-56.

Common vein
Red bus is the identity of Ahmedabad. The red bus has the same importance as the blood. Small veins emerge from the common vein. The heart of the blood corpuscles, the red gate of the heart. It is said that the Lal Darwaza was never there. Three Doors is too dark.

Red bus
1 lakh 50 thousand passengers travel daily from Lal Darwaja Bus Terminal. The renovation has been done on a heritage theme which is apt for the heritage city of Ahmedabad. It has been 75 years since AMTS was established. Lantern pattern lights are adorning the bus stand. 118 buses operate on 49 routes from Lal Darwaja bus stand. 1.50 to 2.25 lakh people commute daily from Lal Darwaza Terminus.

A dilapidated and pathetic Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service ie AMTS. Transport facilities including Metro, BRTS, Electric Bus are available apart from Lal Bus. A reliable lifeline that leads to a safe home. The red bus is a major feature of Ahmedabad. Red bus is the pride of Ahmedabad, the identity of Ahmedabad. Since 1st April, 1947 it is running uninterrupted without a single day off. Many stones have been consumed in riots and agitations.

A total of 1235 buses including 200 electric, 905 CNG and 130 diesel AMTS buses are plying in Ahmedabad city. Mostly on contract.

The Heritage Lal Darwaza Terminus of AMTS at Lal Darwaza in Hriday Sama area of Ahmedabad has been renovated at a cost of Rs 8.80 crore. The entire campus is spread over an area of 11 thousand 583 square meters.

Bansipur hill stones
Designed on heritage theme. The bus stand has been given a heritage look with the pink stones of Jaipur. The platforms and pillars of the bus stand are made of Bansipur hill stones. It is called pink stone. Just as the entrance of havelis or hotels was given a grand appearance in the olden times, in the same way two big pillars have been placed in front. This will give people a feel of the heritage theme of the Heritage Bus Stand.
The temperature in Rajasthan’s Patthar to bus terminus area will be four to five degrees below normal.
Rajasthani stones have also been used for the seating arrangement. There is no need to switch on the lights during the day.

Emerald pattern
Carving work has been done. Sidi Sayyed’s lattice or minaret has been installed. Which is of flower pattern or emerald pattern. The lattice has been made by carving the stone.
Emerald pattern has been used on the ceiling. Artifacts from the history of AMTS line the two vertical walls. In which the photo of the oldest red bus and currently running electric bus makes people realize that the journey has been done by AMTS since then. Built with a heritage look, the terminus showcases the history of the Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service from 1947 till date.

The main building of the terminus is on Platform No. 1.

Tourists will not have to go to Jamalpur headquarter due to arrangement of separate control room for redressal of tourists’ complaints. Platform no. The decorative bus shelter has been constructed on pipe fabrication with seating arrangement of 1 to 7 above. For the convenience of specially-abled persons, the height of the platform is kept in such a way that they do not face any kind of difficulty.

Heritage Building
The heritage building at the terminus has been completed in an area of 2 thousand 588 square meters. The design of the building can be made up to three floors. Presently there is one floor. To give a heritage look, stones have been used everywhere from the ledge. Height of AMTS on two vertical walls

There is a picture of the oldest red bus and the current electric bus. In which office staff building, water supply for tourists.

Arrangement, cabin for cash collection, meeting hall, waiting area for tourists, public information system, cameras, command and control room for the convenience of tourists and information about the running and timing of buses to the tourists passing through the red door. ED screen has been installed.
Granite and cottastone have been used in the flooring.

There is a 70 to 80 meter long horizontal wall on both sides, in which a slide of heritage elevation has been made. Replicas of 18 historical monuments of Ahmedabad will be installed on both sides of the wall. Inside the building is a linear wall with the history of AMTS written over arched windows and doors.

Public information system
For the convenience of passengers, a public information system has also been installed on each platform, in which information about bus routes and schedules has been given, as well as CCTV cameras have also been installed on each platform. A modern control cabin at each platform will control the buses and provide information to passengers. Digital sign boards have been installed on every platform. To slow down the speed of the bus, speed breakers have been installed at the entry of buses at each platform, so that accidents can be avoided.

Arrangements in the terminus building
CCTV Cameras, Assistant Manager Office, Cabin Inspector Office, Accident Inspector Office, Booking Office, Inquiry Window, Drinking Water, Separate Control Room for Redressal of Complaints, Cash Taking Cabin on First Floor of Terminus, Sitting Hall, Traffic Director Office, VIP waiting room, electric and solar power cabins,
A new addition like the ticket machine room has been made to the building.

Circular route
Routes 46 and 47 circling the old city. Route 46 from Kalupur to Sarangpur, Paldi, Ambawadi, Guj Uni, Delhi Darwaza to Kalupur and the same Route 47 in the opposite direction.
The 132-foot ring road did not exist until 1999. Immediately after that are 200 and 300. The length of circular route 200-300 is 43 km. Is 46, 47 A route several times larger than the one mentioned above began. The newly constructed bridge from Maninagar to Kankaria, Lebargam to Pirana was crossed by Vasna, Naranpura, Vadaj, RTO to Naroda Memco to Maninagar and 300 in the opposite direction. In the year 2000, people said ‘Oh, such a long way!’ Two hours round trip to Ahmedabad.
Vadaj to Vadaj, Vastrapur, Civil Ward. There was a mart of 800 and 900 running a km or more near SG Highway, in which

What is the route
1 no. Minibuses ply from the crowded Gandhi Road.
Vatva to Maninagar is 160/1 which is 4 km. M. And there are two stops.
There are a handful of minibuses plying on the Gandhiroad KSG Highway.
Khokhra is the route from Hatkeshwar to the Gujarat High Court.
There are 192 routes and 2128 bus stops within 500 metres.

Long way
Vatva Geratpur Station to Sola High Court, Godrej Garden City to Maninagar 30 – 32 km. is the origin of
The longest route is 45 km from Trimurti Mandir, Adalaj to Chausar village. Belongs to M.
There are buses from Kalol and Shertha in the north to Daskroi and Bareja in the south. There are buses for Sanand in the west, Pasunj in the east, Daskroi. Now the routes have become very long. Earlier people used to change from one bus to another. Now red bus is the pride of Ahmedabad. Red Bus reaches Kathwada, Changodar, Adalaj or Gift City.

Unique identification of route number
Route number 1 to 5 used to pass through Lal Darwaza.
Had it been 6 to 9, it would have passed through Kalupur or Sarangpur only.
If the next number is 3 then it will be Paldi.
Had she been 4, she would have gone to Ambawadi, Vejalpur.
When he was 5, he was going to Thaltej.
Had she been 6, she would have gone to Naranpura.
If there were 7, then the weight was going.
8 Sabarmati.
9 Dudheshwar
There are numbers like 44/4, 152/2.
The bus makes overnight halts at depots like Sabarmati, Khokhra, Achar, Memnagar.

Jalpari bus, tourist coach bus, tourist coach bus opened from Maravati on Sundays or holidays, used to go around Kankaria or Law Garden. All of them were popular.

There will be an electric charging station. If cables, water pipes, electric wires are to be laid under the RCC road, then they can be laid without digging.

no solar power
Lanterns are pattern electric lights. There was scope to generate solar power to run it but it was not done. No arrangement has been made for solar.


there were 3 private companies
Before the bus service of the Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service, there were transport services of three private companies. ABC Company (Ahmedabad Bus Corporation), Morris Transport and Munshi Bus Service, were short of petrol till 1946 due to World War II and even when municipal bus service was started in 1947, petrol was still in limited supply . Earlier buses used coal-gas as fuel, many buses run on gas. Morris Company operated buses in about 32 bus routes in the city, with about 50,000 passengers traveling in the buses, and operated the buses from Bhadra to Gandhi Road, Relief Road in the city. At that time buses were plying from Shahpur to Shahpur on clock and anti clock routes. There were other routes on the outskirts of the city such as Shahibagh, Dudheshwar, Wadj, Sabarmati and Calico Mills. There were also buses for eastern areas such as Asarwa, Khokhra-Mehmedabad, Gomtipur, Amrewadi and Maninagar, while on the west side other stops along the Sabarmati River such as Paldi, Vasna, Ambawadi and Commerce College were included in the route. Sabarmati Vs

Local buses ply from Vadaj.

From 1-1-47 the minimum bus fare was one anna (6 paise) and the maximum bus fare was three annas (20 paise).

First time in 1941

Communal riots broke out and the atmosphere became more intense in 1946. In such emergency, buses were stopped by private companies. The condition of buses of private companies (Austin and Studebaker) was very bad. It had unpainted blue wooden seats. Which was a curse for the travelers. Because the profit motive was at the heart of such professional organizations. So the citizen made a huge demand for public transport service.
The Ahmedabad City Transport Service has its office in Jamalpur.
India’s largest municipal transport service for local transport. It is a voluntary service and public bus service operated by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation.

The time
The city of Amavad became overcrowded. Housing societies and colonies were started outside Kot in the 1940s to reduce the density. In those days prominent citizens, lawyers, labor leaders, industrialists and businessmen were elected as municipal members.

Manibhai Chaturbhai Shah was the Municipal President. Doctor. AN Tankaria was the vice-chairman and Navinchandra Desai was the chairman of the committee. Nandlal Bodiwala, Arjunlal Bhogilal Lala, Dolatram Umedram Shah and Dadubhai Amin were the members of the municipality. He was concerned for the welfare of the citizens and was full of great feelings for the ideal society of social workers in those generations.

The first resolution was passed by the municipality in its General Board meeting on 10 June 1940. It was decided to start transport services in resolution number 476 dated 10-6-40. This task was placed before the Board by the Standing Committee. Administrative Resolution No. 878 dated 4-6-1940.

It was decided to constitute a special committee. The jurisdiction of the committee was to obtain the necessary loan amount from the state government for the bus project and to prepare and approve the route map for the buses in different areas of the city.

The main objective of the transport service was to avoid congestion in the city area and to provide convenient transport facility to the citizens living away from the main city area. There was no profit intent at any level.

To obtain a valid license till 31-3-1941 one had to approach the Provincial Motor Transport Controller and Regional Transport Authority in Gujarat. The committee had 7 members including Arjunlala, Nandlal Bodiwala, Navinchandra Desai and Dadubhai Amin.

A committee constituted in June 1940 passed resolution no. 1161 submitted its plan to the General Board vide DAT 21-8-40.

It was decided to provide service in other areas like Naroda, Vasna, Sabarmati and Hansol, if required.

With 4% interest rate for public debt amounting to Rs. 14,00,000 was also authorized to make necessary arrangements.

In October 1940, the General Assembly passed Resolution No. 1640 D.T.T. Approval was accorded for the purchase of buses on 24-10-1940. No concrete steps were taken to start municipal transport service till 1946. The delay was due to licensing manufacturers or the government.

In November 1949, the bus committee passed resolution no. 800 was proposed with DAT.16-11-46.

The plan was presented by the President to the Transport Minister of Mumbai State. The board approved a loan of Rs 25 lakh for the cost of the transport scheme. This proposal was first proposed by President Dr. Ek. Presented by Tankaria. Who was later appointed as the chairman of the bus-committee. Ram Prasad had the support of the contractor.

It was decided to monopolize the operation of buses in municipal areas like Sabarmati, Vasna, Naroda, Odhav and Sadar Bazar. It was also decided to seek the approval of the Bombay Government for the issue of long-term loans for 30 years at an interest rate of 3% in February/March 1947 for this project.
Public opinion developed in favor of starting public buses. That’s why the government was asked to take a quick decision. The bus fare was fixed at a minimum of 1 (one) anna and a maximum of 3 (three) annas.

G.L. Seth (ICS) Resolution No. 275 was passed on 23-5-46. He played a good role in starting the bus service.
A municipal authority was required to pass a resolution to operate a petrol or diesel bus or electric trolley service. The task of constituting a new committee was taken up, for which they could, in consultation with experts, incur the necessary expenditure for the project.

Committee members:
Doctor. One. n. Tankaria – President, Chinubhai Chamanlal, Chaitanya Prasad M. Diwanji, Ramprasad Chandulal Contractor, Krishnalal T. Desai, Arjunlal Bhogilal Lala, A. S. Shaikh, Sir Mahbubmia Imanbakhsh Qadri and Keshavji Ranchhodji Vaghela.

RTA issued permits in January 1947 to start bus service on 29 routes in Ahmedabad Municipality. The Executive Committee was constituted by the Resolution No. 1071 dated 29-1-47 of the General Board. An employee was appointed at a maximum salary of Rs.250. The term of the committee was one year, consisting of 9 members. Doctor. One. n. Tankaria – President, Seth Shantilal Mangaldas, S. One. Kher, Arjun Bhogilal Lala, Somnath Prabhashankar Dave, Vrajlal Keshavlal Mehta, Keshavji Ranchhodji Vaghela, Shri Mehboob I. Qadri, Shri M.H. He was a narcissist.
Doctor. Tamil Nadu

Kariya, the chairman also served as a member of the Traffic Advisory Committee on behalf of the municipality. Somnath Dave and Keshavji Vaghela were prominent representatives of the Mazur Sangh (Labor Union). The trade union had supported them since the inception of the transport service. Due to the efforts of Khandubhai Desai, the employees of Morris Company were absorbed into AMTS. Vasavada and Somnath Dave who were members of Mazur Sangh.


ARI NG Pandit on the post of Traffic Manager for 3 years in the pay scale of Rs. 450 – 900 to bus-committee resolution no. 2 was taken on 30-1-47. 400 drivers and 400 conductors were taken along with 16 officers.

On 1-4-47, 60 buses of Municipal Corporation were run on the road. There was great public enthusiasm for the new buses, and people queued up to see the municipal buses on the bus route, as Ahmedabad was the first state in the country to start a public sector bus service. Welcomed by the citizens. The people of the city were proud. The seats in the new buses were bright and comfortable. All routes started from Lal Darwaza (Bhadra) and Railway Station. Except for some minor changes, the routes and route numbers of all the routes started by the Morris Company were almost the same, so that the passengers did not face any kind of trouble at that time.

When the bus service started in 1947, clockwise and anti-clockwise routes were introduced from Lal Darwaza. Then the required number of buses were not delivered, so some of the buses were sold to Gujarat Motors Limited. Tatkal daily rental from Rs. 50 were hired for a month. An inconvenient organization for city service was shut down shortly after receiving its buses.

Didn’t have insurance. It is believed that all employees attached to the Municipal Transport Service were given a concession on food grains at the rate of Rs 5 per item per month.

An order was placed with General Motors to buy a total of 225 buses. 143 of those buses were received by September 1947. Petrol was in insufficient supply in those days due to government regulations. And so the number of buses on the road was far less than the route needed. However, the number of passengers increased significantly compared to private bus-management. In 1947-48, the number of passengers per day was one lakh nine thousand.

In January 1951, the All India Convention Committee meeting was held at Gujarat Vidyapeeth, Ahmedabad. Bus stand built. On January 30, 1951, a large number of people participated in the spinning rentia at the Harijan Ashram on Gandhiji’s death anniversary. Proper arrangement of bus was also made there. On the demand of the National Students’ Union, S.S.C. Special arrangements were also made for the examination.

After conversion from a municipality to a corporation on 19-7-1951 a new transport committee was appointed. At the end of the year 1951-52 the organization had 205 buses.

As 65 new buses with diesel engines were purchased, the budget for 1954–55 saw a reduction in fuel costs. The cost of tyre-tube and spare-parts has also been reduced in the new buses. Estimated revenue of Rs. 59,00,000.

With the growth of the city of Ahmedabad, the demand for transport services increased. Bus routes to Kathwara, Lambha, Ranip, Hatijan, Wanch, Ramol, Nikol and Ambli Road were started during the 1960s. Played an important role in the development of the suburbs and surrounding villages. Rapid development took place in all the remote areas where AMTS buses were first introduced. The organization suffered losses in the earlier years due to its service-oriented attitude, but it resulted in rapid growth of the city.

Night and morning service for mill workers, special routes from Government Colony to Secretariat and new civil hospitals, special concession rates for children and students, free pass scheme for visually impaired, concession for professional and medical postgraduate students Near to profit society.

Bus facility for visiting religious places, picnic tour for students and bus facility for public functions were also provided. Also a “Merry-Go-Round Service” was performed around the Kankaria Lake. It was attractive to the kids. In this way the organization created a different image for itself.

The financial structure was roughly balanced. There is no significant increase in bus fares.

Since inception AMTS is managed by Transport Manager under Transport Committee and under Municipal Corporation this organization has adopted a service oriented approach hence it should be considered as a service organization and not an organization or a company In form of. AMTS is a voluntary service organized by BPMC. administered by the municipal corporation under

BRTS runs on main routes but red colored buses run in inner corners. Some private buses owned by AMTS are run by contractors. AMTS ‘khade gaye hai’, ‘marwa padi hai’, ‘dachkan khai hai’ etc. have been coming in reports since 1947. The red bus is alive and giving life to Ahmedabad. Gives a good service which leads to loss. Many allegations of corruption have been dropped.
Information about timetable buses can be found on site.
The state government has made a provision of Rs 24 crore for 50 electric buses for environment-friendly transport.

Illegal vehicle
Illegal parking and shuttle vehicles were running at the bus stop. A fine of 12,100 was recovered from a total of 161 vehicle drivers, two wheelers, four wheelers, three wheelers by 8 teams of 40 employees of AMTS system. 50 from two wheeler owners and Rs.100 from four wheeler and three wheeler owners. Fine of Rs.