Gandhinagar, 25 July 2021
Farmers who have been cultivating maize for the last several years are troubled by the fall of the Fall Armyworm. This time in most of the states, the maize crop is declining due to the outbreak of the disease. The area under maize cultivation has reduced, last year the farmers had to suffer a lot due to armyworm. Production has decreased in Gujarat but stirrup in tribal expansion has not decreased.
production is declining
However, in 6 tribal districts of Gujarat, the cultivation of maize has increased instead of decreasing this time. Last year on July 19, 2020, 2.36 lakh hectares were sown, on this date, in 2021, 2.51 lakh hectares of maize has been planted. Generally, 3 lakh hectares are sown in monsoon. More than 3 lakh hectares of saplings are expected to be planted this year.
Twice production before armyworm
On an average 2.26 lakh hectares were sown in 3 years till 2014. Sowing was done in 3.78 lakh hectare in 1995-96, 4 lakh hectare in 1996-97, 1997-98. Production increased from 3.74 lakh tonnes to 6.58 lakh tonnes respectively.
The production in 2018-19 was 5.50 lakh tonnes in 3.10 lakh hectares. The production was expected to be 4.81 lakh tonnes in 2020-21 in 3 lakh hectares. The productivity in 1995-96 was 991 kg. Despite the increase in productivity by 1601 kg, the production is declining. Even the planting area does not decrease.
Thus it is clear that in tribal areas where maize is eaten and more is grown. Even though the area under cultivation is not decreasing, but the production is decreasing.
expansion in districts
Military caterpillars have wreaked havoc in states other than Gujarat. But the military caterpillars have not reached the tribal areas of Gujarat that are attached to the mountains. Gujarat Dahod 110500, Panchmahal 51400, Mahisagar 19700, Chhotaudepur 21900, Alvalli 24400, Bavkantha 5500, Narmada 4700, Tapi 1700 95 percent maize has been sown in 251100 hectares till July 19, 2021.
Harms farmers in 70 countries around the world. Yet the expansion is not decreasing in the tribal districts of Gujarat.
It has been cultivated for many years. In tribal areas, farmers destroy their crops before they realize it. Where 25 tonnes of maize was grown, 10 tonnes are hardly produced.
Destruction started in 4 years
Four years ago the army attacked and destroyed the corn crop in Africa. In May 2018, Pran was seen in Shivamogga, Karnataka. This is followed by Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim. It is now everywhere except Kashmir. Because she can’t stand the cold anymore.
Can fly up to 100 km
It attacks like an army that can travel several hundred kilometers in a single night. It spreads rapidly. Air expands as it moves. Caterpillar-born butterflies can fly over 100 kilometers in search of host plants.
It can be controlled till the second lesson. But after reaching the third stage, it is very difficult to control them.
This is a disaster in a state with a favorable climate like Gujarat. The maize crop in Punjab has been cleared. It also increases as the heat rises. dies in the cold.
Military eagle comes high on corn, if corn is not found it can strike cane. In the absence of sugarcane, 190 crops like jowar, bajra, ragi, rice, wheat, grass get damaged.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, maize was sown last year. 63.80 lakh hectares, while this time maize has been sown in 58.86 hectares.
Last year and this year the area under maize cultivation was one lakh hectare
Madhya Pradesh 13.83 – 13.25
Karnataka 10.32 – 9.81
Uttar Pradesh 6.00 – 6.42
Maharashtra 5.32 – 7.80
Rajasthan 5.20 – 6.78
Bihar 2.70 – 3.40
HP 2.65 – 2.82
Telangana 1.89 – 0.38
Total Area 58.86 – 63.80