Ahmedabad, 14 August 2023
8129 km in India And Gujarat has a sea coast line of 1600 km. There is a robbery on land. There are at least 40,000 official shrimp farms or ponds in an area of 1600 kilometers from Vapi to Morbi and Jakhau on the Kutch-Pakistan border. On an average, a shrimp farm occupies two hectares of land. Accordingly, 80 to 1 lakh hectares of land is considered a scam. Even if the cost of one hectare land of sea salt is considered to be Rs 1 lakh, then the cost of 1 lakh hectare land will be Rs 1,000 crore.
Un official, 4 to 5 lakh people work in this. Details emerged during the storm.
Out of 1 lakh hectares of land, only 3 percent of the land is approved by the government. The rest of the government land has been grabbed. Shrimp occurs on the sea coast of 32 talukas of 14 districts. On an average, 3 thousand hectares of illegal shrimp are produced in a district. On the basis of satellite survey, it is estimated by the agitating people that Ginga is growing in 45 to 50 thousand hectares. Accordingly, 45 to 50 thousand tones of shrimp should be produced annually. There are so many hectares of shrimp in the interior area. In which the prawn farmer cultivates the prawn on the government’s usurped land. 5 people are required for one hectare. Most of the people are Koli and Muslim.
In the year 2016-17, the contribution of sea food in the major exports from India was 37 thousand crore rupees. The production of farm-raised shrimp was 25 thousand crore rupees. 1 ton is produced per hectare.
After Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, Gujarat ranked third in Ginga production.
Coastal and 3 lakh 76 thousand hectare potential salinity area. Less than 6 percent is used in shrimp farming. Surat, Navsari and Valsad are the major Ginga production areas of the state.
There are 3000 prawn farmers in Bharuch alone. Sartar, Valsad, Navsari have the same number of Ginga producing farmers.
The state of Gujarat is the third largest producer of fish in India. In the last few years, there has been an increase in Gujarat fish exports. The state of Gujarat accounts for 20 percent of the national marine fish production. About 1.5 percent of the state’s GDP. Dinga farming is done twice a year. The first is harvested from February to May and the second is harvested from July to October. 1 ton shrimp is produced per hectare. The Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act has been enacted. So that marine farmers and fishermen can do business.
The Ghudkhar Sanctuary of the small swampy desert of Kutch covers 4953 sq km, of which 3500 sq km is submerged. In which there is Zinga. This business is done in Malia, Venasar villages. 500 families catch shrimp by sailing inside the desert at night. Both green and dry ginger are in demand in the markets. The price of green prawns is sold at Rs 70 to 90 per kg. While the dried and cleaned Ginkgo is 250 to 500 rupees per kg. The desert could produce an estimated 10,000 metric tons of this jingle in the monsoon season of 2023.
There has been a land scam worth billions of rupees to build Ginga Talab from Bharuch to Surat. Illegal Prawn Lake was constructed by the Prawn Lake Mafia on Government Khar, Bada and barren land. In which instructions were given to take legal action under the Land Grabbing Act.
1000 to 1200 shrimp ponds have been built on barren and barren land from Dandi village to Mandroi village in Allpad taluka on the border of Hansot village in Bharuch district.
Before BJP leader Paresh Patel of Bharuch was caught, there was a scam of Rs 9000 crore in 1200 Prawn Lakes. After BJP leader Paresh Patel’s water theft scam came to the fore, one thing is certain that illegal prawn farming scam is still going on in Bharuch.
In February 2015, there was a scandal of illegal ponds on the coastal land for shrimp farming. 1,200 ponds were dug on 8,500 hectares of land. Bharuch fisheries officer V.S. Chowdhary filed a complaint under Section 14 of the Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act at the Dahej Marine Police Station. But till date the authorities have not disclosed who was punished.
BJP’s Lok Sabha MP Mansukh Vasava and Congress’s Rajya Sabha MP Ahmed Patel remained silent.
In September 2017, BJP MP Mansukh Vasava and Congress MP Ahmed Patel remained silent even after the scam of illegal pond farming in agricultural land in Vamleshwar and Katpore villages of Hansot taluka of Bharuch was exposed. In Alibet, more than 1200 prawn ponds built on government land were demolished. Prawn is sold at the rate of Rs.200 per kg.
There were communal riots after the Prawn Lake scam, in which three youths were killed. More than 200 people were put behind bars. No help from BJP. The corruption of crores of rupees in Prawn Lake was responsible for the communal riots in Hansot. So many people resigned from BJP.
Mansukh Vasava silent in 9000 crore prawn scam
In September 2017, 98 ponds built at a cost of Rs 17 crore were demolished in Vamleshwar and Katpore villages of Hansota taluk of Bharuch after the scam of illegal pond farming on agricultural land came to light. There were also 23 private ponds. Three years ago, more than 1200 ponds built on government land were demolished in Alibet. Prawn is sold at the rate of Rs.200 per kg. The Rs 900 crore prawn pond scandal created a stir in the entire state. Shrimp in Hansot
Due to the inaction of the government in the lake scam, anti-social elements got a free hand. The Prawn Lake incident was followed by communal riots in which three youths were killed.
The petition number 16-2020 was filed by a private entity in the National Green Tribunal Pune. In 2022, over 10,000 illegal shrimp ponds were constructed on government land in Allpad, Chorayasi, Majura taluks of Surat district. There was a complaint against him in the National Green Tribunal. Illegal shrimp ponds were being cultivated for 20 years on government land in the coastal villages of Dumas in Surat.
In survey number 197 of Umber village of Choryas Four, 75 lakes out of 184 were broken.
There are a large number of illegal shrimp ponds at Mor, Lavachha, Orma, Kachhol, Hathisa, Mandvoi, Tena, Nesh, Kapasi Kudiana, Delasa, Dandi, Bhagwa and Khajod, Dumas, Bhimpore, Alia Bet, Abva, Talagpore of Allpad in Majura taluk . Surat’s airport has been built on government land
More than 1,000 prawn ponds were built on government land on the sea coast of Allpad. On May 21, 2022, an order was issued to remove the illegal Zinga pond built on government land in 16 villages and file a case under land grab. Due to non-drainage of rainwater due to ponds, villages in Allpad taluka faced flood-like situation in monsoon.
As of 16 May 2022, there were 16 villages namely Dandi, Khokiana, Kapasi, Kuvad, Saras, Orma, Mor, Delasa, Mandroi, Naish, Kachhol, Hatisa, Lavachha, Tena, Sondalkhara, Koba and Thotab. Talati did the survey. The action was being dramatized.
There were illegal shrimp ponds along the Kim River. Measurement of prawn ponds in 14 villages of Allpad.
Alia Bet – Surat
In Surat, 150 illegal prawn ponds were constructed on 780 hectares of government land at Aliya Bet near Dumas. This resulted in a business of Rs 25 crore. This thing came to the fore during the ‘Maha’ storm. In 10 years, shrimp worth Rs 200 crore has been prepared here. Which have been sent to Japan and China. Nawab Haider gave Bet Gauchar to the government in 1949. Since then villagers used to take cattle to Ballam for grazing. Started farming. The villagers had built an illegal prawn pond at Alia Bet since 2013. Mamlatdar, Talati was grossly irresponsible. Now the tourist place is to be developed here. Some ponds were given to zinc dealers in Mumbai. Can go by boat. People do not come on bats, so the rumor spread that there are ghosts here. The injunction was granted in February 2021. It was ordered that no shrimp farming activity should be carried out in illegal shrimp ponds.
Alia Bet – Bharuch
The 8,500 hectares of Survey No. 1 land in Aliabet, situated on the banks of the Narmada River and geographically privileged, is government land. The husband of the woman sarpanch of Hansot village grabbed the land. Pappu Khokhar and Sabir Kanuga of Hansot, believed to be the main conspirators, were arrested. One of the two accused, Pappu Khokhar, was the husband of a woman sarpanch of Hansot. In May 2014, 100 policemen along with 700 jawans conducted a search operation on Alia Bet for 3 days. This was the biggest search operation of its kind in Gujarat. More than 1,200 ponds were dug without permission on 8,500 hectares of government land for illegal shrimp farming.
Hansot – Bharuch
The scam of prawn farming has come to the fore by making a pond in agricultural land. 123 illegal ponds were demolished at Vamleshwar in Katpore and Hansot. Ginga was smuggled in coaches behind the Koteshwar Mahadev temple in Katpore village. Pond owner Shailesh Patel demanded permission related documents. Zinga was reared in ponds built on agricultural land. Over 1,775 kg of shrimp were seized as the shrimp were grown without land conversion. Shailesh Patel was fined Rs 3.37 lakh.
Kodinar – Shrimp
Zingafarm is being constructed on Gauchar land since 2018 due to bullying of a BJP leader in Kaj village of Kodinar. 78 Prawn Lakes were created from BJP’s land concessions. Prawns are reared on cow land. People protested against Mamlatdar’s office. Kodinar was on a symbolic fast in the Mamlatdar’s office for 8 days. Unable to answer the questions, the villagers took the seat of the provincial official. Gauchar digs and makes a pond. The salt water of the sea seeps into the ground. Mixing in farmers’ wells and sacks. Crops and land have become barren. To save agriculture and to get rid of Gauchar’s land, the door of the High Court was knocked. Collector and SP investigated the legality of the prawn farm. Ordered to remove the prawn farm and free the Gauchar land.
Livestock has reduced 490 hectares of land. The Gram Panchayat was repeatedly suggested to give Gauchar in Tantra-Mantra. Therefore, in 2019, 145 hectares of fallow land was given as Gauchar. District D.L.R. For land measurement, letters were written to the office 19 times in two years. But the measurement of the land was not done. And the shrimp lakes were formed. Large breeding ponds have been constructed. In which only one day the work of breaking the embankment of the lake was done. There are small coastal villages near Kodinar including Mul Dwarka, the historical site of Mul Dwarka of the Mahabharata. Leopards live here.
In 2015, some people started a prawn factory on the land allotted to Khalsa in Karkhadi village of Padra taluka. The villagers informed the Mamlatdar but nothing was done. gave it to poor people to do collective farming
I went. Block no. Jawahar Collective Farming Society, Nav Sahay Collective Farming Society in 1944
Te Mandali, Jai Kisan was doing farming before Collective Rights Farming Mandali. Some stubborn people expelled the members of the circle. In which there is no farming at present. Sukhdev Chhota, Ranchod Phoolabhai Talpada, Lalbhai Bhujbhai Talpada took legal possession of the land and made a pond by digging it with JCB. More than 200 trees were cut.
There were 40 registered and 150 private shrimp manufacturing firms on the Mithi Virdi coast of Talaja. This industry is spread over 350 hectares.
Bhavnagar has an area of 1125 hectares of Bhambra water. In the year 2018, 40 farmers were allotted 140 hectares of land for shrimp cultivation. 1 ton shrimp is produced per hectare. In Bhavnagar, there are shrimp farms in Ghogha, Jaswantpura, Kotda, Ganeshgarh, Baoliyali area. The Vanami variety of prawn is specially grown in Bhavnagar. The seeds come from Chennai. Varieties are grown in the Bhambra waters of the Gulf and processed from there and exported to Gulf countries. While the transplantation of Dolomite tiger species has also been started.
About 1,70,000 hectares of shrimp farming is done legally in the coastal areas of the country. But illegal farming is many times more than that. India is the third largest fish producer with 14.73 million metric tonnes of fish production. With a production of 10 lakh tonnes, it is the largest exporter of 7 lakh tonnes of shrimp. Shrimp accounts for 70 per cent of India’s marine exports.
Shrimp production increased by 7.2% to 8,04,000 tonnes in 2019 as compared to 2018. Now it is 10 lakh tonnes. Andhra Pradesh produces the maximum 71% of shrimp in the country. Other shrimp producing states are West Bengal (10%), Odisha (9%), Gujarat (5.5%) and Tamil Nadu (2.7%). The question is, where do the illegal prawns of Gujarat go?
China is the second largest buyer of Indian shrimp after the US (42%) with a 25% share. Low salinity in water has resulted in good yields in the three major shrimp producing states. High salinity of water has affected shrimp production in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
The Union Minister for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying is Parshottam Rupala. He is a resident of Amreli, Gujarat. Ever since he became the fisheries minister, there has been an increase in the number of lobsters in Gujarat.
There are 2.8 crore fishermen and fish farmers in India.
India is the third largest producer of fish, accounting for about 8% of global fish production. In the last 10 years, the Government of India has increased investment in fisheries and aquaculture. Since 2015, the Central Government has provided a total of Rs. has launched the Blue Revolution Scheme. Approval for investment of 38,572 crores.
By far the largest investment is in fisheries and aquaculture. In 3 years Rs. Projects worth Rs 14,656 crore were sanctioned.
At the time of India’s independence, the fisheries sector was purely a traditional activity. Now has been transformed into a commercial enterprise. National fish production has increased 22 times since 1950 by the end of 2021-22. India’s fish production was 95.79 lakh tonnes in 2013-14. 162.48 lakh tonnes in 2021-22.
In Modi’s rule, there will be an increase of 100 lakh tonnes in 10 years till 2023. The national fish production for 2022-23 will also be 174 lakh tonnes. Which is 81% more than 2013-14.
Inland fish production has increased from only 2.18 lakh tonnes in 1950-51 to 121.12 lakh tonnes in 2021-22. It has increased from 61.36 lakh tonnes at the end of 2013-14 to 121.12 lakh tonnes at the end of 2021-22. Although it took 63 years for domestic production to reach 61.36 lakh tonnes, the same amount has been achieved in the last nine years. Which is possible because of illegal shrimp farms. In which Gujarat has the highest share.
India’s seafood exports are set to double from 2013-14 to 2022-23. While in 2013-14 the seafood export was Rs. 30,213 crore, in the year 2022-23 it will be Rs. 63,969.14 crores. Shows an increase of 111.73%. Indian seafood is exported to 129 countries, with the United States being the largest importer.
Rupala believes that brackish aquaculture with shrimp (shrimp) farming is a success story of thousands of diversified small aquaculture farmers through government policy interventions. In the last 9 years, there has been a boom in the cultivation and export of shrimp, especially from the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha and Tamil Nadu. The country’s shrimp production is set to increase by 267% from 3.22 lakh tonnes at the end of 2013-14 to a record 11.84 lakh tonnes at the end of 2022-23. Shrimp exports to more than double by the end of 2022-23 to Rs. 43,135 crores. Which will become 50 thousand crore rupees in Modi’s rule.
It is expected that at the end of 2013-14 Rs. 19,368 crore showing a growth of 123 per cent.
Modern shrimp farming in India began in the late 1980s, fueled by a global appetite for shrimp, government policies to promote seafood exports, and a number of corporate entities providing capital to build hatcheries, farms and processing plants. was inspired. It was based mainly on black tiger shrimp (Phaneros monodon) and to a lesser extent on Indian white shrimp (Phaneropaenius indicus).
A few years later, when the White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) reached Indian shores, development in the region was severely affected and the Supreme Court of India ordered a group of environmental activists to
Focusing on the lakes, shrimp farming was banned in the coastal waters. An Act of the Parliament of India was required to restart shrimp aquaculture and the subsequent development phase was marked by the development of independent hatcheries and farms of less than five hectares owned or leased from many small farmers. Black tiger shrimp remained the species of interest, but freshwater shrimp (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) also produced significant production.
While volumes continued to increase until the mid-2000s, problems of disease, slow animal growth and size variation stalled in the second half of the decade. For broodstock, the region relied on wild-caught black tiger shrimp, which meant that exclusion of pathogens was extremely challenging and breeding completely impossible. Based on the experience of other major Asian producers, India decided in 2008 to introduce specific pathogen free (SPF) Pacific white shrimp (Litopaenius venemii). The country introduced the species cautiously, allowing a select few institutions to import and display experimental units. test, on the basis of which rules for further imports were made and implemented.
World’s top shrimp producer
There are 38 feed mills in India which are 3.5
can produce Shrimp Feed with an installed production capacity of Million Metric Tonnes. In 2019, the sales volume of shrimp feed was estimated to be 1.3 million metric tons. Photo by Growl Feeds.
The estimated installed production capacity of the Indian shrimp farming industry is 120 billion postlarvae (PL) per year from 550 to 600 hatcheries.
world’s top shrimp producer
India exported 652,253 MT of shrimp in 2019, valued at US$ 4.89 billion. Desert exports have increased by 430 percent in the last decade. Major markets include the United States (46.7 percent), China (23.8 percent), the European Union (12.1 percent) and Japan (6.4 percent).
A ratio of about 40 shrimp per square meter is widely followed. Therefore, the country can produce large shrimp. Indian farmers are very interested in producing larger shrimp, especially black tiger, for better profitability. Big P. monodon production is considered a significant opportunity, especially in northern states such as Gujarat. The government has recently approved the import of SPF Black Tiger Shrimp in India.