71 percent slums removed in Surat

Dilip Patel
Gandhinagar, 19 April 2023
Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs organized National Media Tour of Smart City Surat from 16th April to 18th April 2023. Surat Municipal Commissioner Shalini Agarwal said that E.S. The slum population in Surat was 26 per cent in 2000, which has come down to 6 per cent now. The population of Surat is increasing very fast while on the other hand the population of slums is decreasing rapidly. A large number of affordable houses have been completed.

In May 2022, it was announced that 20.87 percent of the area of Surat city was slum in a decade. 71.30 percent slums have reduced. In 2011, 20.87 percent of Surat’s area was slum. In 2022 it was reduced to 5.99 per cent. The largest slum of Surat was Bapunagar, which is situated on the banks of Tapi river in Surat. Many slums of the city including Gopitlav slum have been destroyed.

By 2021, Surat Municipal Corporation has constructed 6465 houses, 372 Vamba, 113 LIG, 7424 EWS, 46856 GenURM, 8721 houses under Mukhyamantri Awas Yojana and 12549 houses under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. There is a plan to construct 12388 houses. It was announced to make Surat ‘slum free’.

JNURM of former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Apart from the scheme, many housing schemes including Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, Chief Minister Awas Yojana, Vambe Awas Yojana, LIG, EWS Awas were constructed. Under this scheme, 94888 housing units have been constructed in the city in 10 years till 2022.

2.54 lakh square meters for housing in Surat city. Space is reserved. 17547 houses can be built on this. It is easy to remove slum areas from government premises. But to make Surat slum-free, slums built on private sites are a big challenge.

On 25 August 2021, due to controversies, the Supreme Court had to put an interim stay on the demolition of slums.

Media team 2023
Surat running towards smart city and metro city is now going to become slum free city. Silk City, Diamond City, Setu City, Electric Vehicle City, Clean City, which is now known as Slum Free City.
Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs organized National Media Tour of Smart City Surat from 16th April to 18th April 2023. The Ministry’s ADG, Media and Communications, Rajeev Jain was accompanied by journalists. Surat’s beauty includes VIP Road, Model Street and sculptures, ICCC (Integrated Control and Command Centre), through which emergency response and management during disasters like floods is done from a single location. Bhargava went to Bharatna of Dream City, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. Visited Surat Fort, Cable Stay Bridge, Dumas, Public Sharing Cycle, Althan Bay Redevelopment, Asia’s largest Biodiversity Park under construction, Althan Water Works, Textile Market, Solar Power Plant. Mayor of Surat Hemali Boghavala said that now our aim is to make Surat number one in the cleanliness survey. Loans have been given to 10,000 street vendors of Surat for garden, school, health, door to door garbage collection. Surat is the first city to install RFID tags to prevent pollution by stray cattle.

Shakes in 1993
In 1993, the Center for Social Studies, a Surat-based research institute, conducted a survey of Surat’s slums. Some of his findings present the characteristics of the present day slums of India. The 4.3 lakh slum dwellers of this industrial city of Gujarat were divided into 94 thousand families. Of these, 64% were nuclear families, while 24% were joint families. 8% of households were blended and 4% were one-person households. The proportion of joint families was higher among those living in the city for more than 20 years. The slums here are 81% Hindu, 18% Muslim and others Buddhist, who have come from Maharashtra in search of employment. 80% of the slum dwellers were from rural areas. Most of them were from Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. They come from economically backward, highly populated and illiterate rural areas of these states. Examining the female-male ratio, it was found that there are 725 females per 1000 males. In slums near factories, this ratio was only 200 females per 1000 males.

A house for all in 2022
Prime Minister Narendra Modi promised that by 2022 not a single citizen of the country would be homeless. PPP housing scheme was formulated for slums on government land in the state. A policy was made for Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara to provide a ready and documented house if 60 per cent of the slum dwellers agreed. But not everyone could get a home.

Promise, a coward to fulfill
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had promised in the 2012 assembly election that Rs. 50 lakh houses will be constructed at a cost of 33,000 crores. Out of which 28 lakh are in villages and 22 lakh are in cities. But the Gujarat government backtracked and announced construction of 22 lakh houses in 2012. Till 2017, only 4 percent i.e. 85,046 thousand houses could be built. 18,574 houses were built for the poor in 2015-16 and 35,258 in 2016-17. From 2012 to 2017, the government spent Rs. 3,972 crores were spent. The government has spent Rs 1000 crore to make Gujarat completely slum free. 2,521 crores were spent. But today slum dwellers are the same. The question is being asked as to where the money was used.

Benefits to builders
In PPP scheme, Surat’s

17th place in Janna and Bhatena

There were also arguments and fights over the issue of shifting of jhuggis to build the railway tower. The poor slum dwellers were being ill-treated by the Congress corporators in connivance with the BJP and the builder lobby. Which the advocate opposed. Out of greed, the houses of the slum dwellers were being looted. Markets were to be built on the vacant land. The slum dwellers also lost in the court and you did not get a stay.

Bitter experience
The city of Surat is a wonderful example of both people’s unity and people’s participation. There will be no region of India whose people live in Surat, a mini India in a way. Surat is a city that respects labour. Talent is valued here. The people of Surat can never forget Shivaji looting Surat twice and burning it once, the epidemic of epilepsy and the floods in the Modi era.

Surat Brand
If branding of Surat city is done, then branding of every sector, every company is done automatically. Surat is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. In 20 years, Surat has progressed much faster than other cities of the country. Surat is one of the cleanest cities in the country. A new drainage network of over hundreds of kilometers has given Surat a new lease of life. In two decades, about 80 thousand houses were built for the poor and the slum dwellers. This has improved the standard of living of lakhs of people of Surat city.

32 lakh poor patients are from Gujarat and about 1.25 lakh patients are from Surat.

City of dreams
There are more than a dozen bridges on Tapi, which connect the city and also add prosperity to the people of Surat. This level of intercity connectivity is rare. Surat is truly a city of bridges. Which works to bridge the gap of humanity, nationalism and prosperity. With the completion of the Dream City project, Surat is set to develop into the safest and most convenient diamond trading hub in the world. The day is not far when Surat will be known as a modern office space for diamond traders and companies from all over the world.

Surat Powerloom Megacluster has been approved. There is a powerloom in Sion and Allpad. The specialty of the Surtila people is that they cannot walk without having fun with Surtila and the one who comes from outside also gets colored in the color of Surtila.

Transform Slums – Around 4.40 lakh people live in slums within the city of Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad is home to a large population of poor people living along the banks of the river. The riverside slums in Ahmedabad are about 40 years old.

As per 2011 census, urban slum population in Gujarat

The city slums

Surat 4,67,434
Ahmedabad 2,50,681
Rajkot 1,89,360
Vadodara 84,804
Jamnagar 71,497
Bhavnagar 61,632
Vapi 40,921
Navsari 33,688
Nadiad 30,460
Gandhidham 24,914
Junagadh 25,145
Anjar 19,163
Palanpur 17,982
Porbandar 15,564
Bharuch 13,143
petload 12,496
Anand 12,726
Gandhinagar 11,933
Rajpipla 11,471
Vyara 9,718
Curzon 8,224
Dohad 11,103
disa 8,976
arch 9094
bilimora 7,357
padra 6,749
Volume 7,629
Mahuva 8,202
Jasdan 7,391
Siddhpur 7,860
Amreli 6,766
odd 6,392
Kapdvanj 6,675
Dholka 6,500
Morvi 5,874
Ankleshwar 5,462
Chhota Udepur 5,571
Talja 6,511
Dabhoi 5,482
Jetpur Nawagarh 5,077
Valsad 4,751
acceptance 5,078
Dhrol 5,166
Jambusar 5,110
Padra 4,055
original 4,235
Coin 5,045
keshod 4,138
Thangarh 4,151
modasa 3,931
Farm 3,848
Songadh 3,201
Bhabhar 3,719
Vijalpur 3,212
Himmatnagar 3,513
Vallabhipur 3,606
sojitra 3,258
ganadevi 2,809
Radhanpur 3,208
Surendranagar Dudhraj 2,652
Vallabh Vidyanagar 2,364
Borsad 2,653
Kalavad 2,234
unja 2,368
population 2,213
Umrah 1,987
Patan 2,071
Okha 2,006
gondal 1,982
savli 1,856
zalod 1,850
karmsad 1,521
chalala 1,548
Dwarka 1,770
Eider 1,286
Bhuj 1,195
Wankaner 1,317
Dharampur 1,164
education 1,169
Dhanera 1,365
Mehsana 1,076
veraval 1,164
Provincial 1,007
Upleta 837
Dehgam 918
Bardoli 747
marriage 834
Limbdi 734
Gariadhar 752
assessment 604
Kodinar 623
shadow 489
Visnagar 586
section 486
Tharad 631
Gaddha 447
rapper 388
Botad 381
Kheralu 373
Bhachau 527

In 2012, the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation announced a housing scheme for the urban poor and middle-class homeless families. In which 20 thousand houses have been built in 5 years of EWS-LIG.

First policy in 2010
In 2010, the state government made a slum re-development policy. In which no plan was implemented, in 2013 a new policy was made by revising again. In which only 5 thousand houses could be built instead of 3.50 lakh huts. 12 authorities, 8 municipal corporations and housing boards have not constructed more than one lakh houses in the five years till the last Modi regime.

In 2021, more than 70 slums around Bapunagar General Hospital were given demolition notices to the corporation. which was challenged in the Gujarat High Court

Another America
Slums are a result of urbanization after the Industrial Revolution. Even before the Industrial Revolution, however, there were areas of living that we can compare to the slums of today.
Slum areas in America have been dubbed as ‘the other America’. The rise of slums in America is closely related to the migration that took place in America in the last century. In 1914, approximately 1.2 million people from Mexico, Italy, Greece, Poland, Germany, and other East Asian countries came to America in search of work and the concept of receiving American money. Unfortunately, many of these people could barely make ends meet and the American

Like the Ali people, they too could not move outside their separate settlements.

Although the Indian Constitution has given every person the right to a dignified life, in today’s Indian cities people have to live in slums in conditions worse than animals. In the name of beautification of the city, in the name of traffic problem, under the protection of the law, the work of eviction of slum dwellers is going on as per the orders of the government. Under these circumstances, by fully implementing the laws like land ceiling in the agriculture sector, the common man gets a roof over his head, for this, governmental and non-governmental efforts are required and provide minimum facilities of life to all. Opinion of experts in this field.

The nearby slums of Gulbai Tekra and Vadaj provide a ‘paradox of development’ for Dharavi against India’s economic capital Mumbai and economically prosperous Ahmedabad.

As per 2011 census
Out of 4041 cities in India, 2543 cities i.e. 63 percent were slums.
There were 1.08 lakh slums. In which there were 1.37 crore huts.
There were 7.89 crore Kut families in the country. In which 1.37 crore families i.e. 17.4 percent were living in slums.
Maharashtra has the maximum number of slums with 21359.
Chhattisgarh has the least number of huts with 9.7 per cent households, followed by Gujarat with 6.7 per cent households having huts.
Among the top 10 cities of the country, none of the cities of Gujarat had the maximum number of slums.
The huts used other than the house were of 4 lakhs. 6 lakh houses in the cities belonged to religious places. In which there were only 90 thousand tombs in the slums.
82.5 percent used to live in slum houses.
Office or shop was 6.7 percent.
In terms of rooms, married couples, residential ownership, water and occupants, there was no significant difference between terraced houses, electricity and shanties in the city.
45 percent of the huts were of one room.
30 percent of the huts were of two rooms.
12.3 percent huts were of 3 rooms.
There was a big difference in toilet and bath facilities between thatched houses and huts.

86.6 percent people in India have their own house. Gujarat ranks 17th in the country with 84 percent of people having houses. Home ownership was highest among people in economically weaker states. Treated water was not available in 43 thousand houses in Gujarat.
dilapidated buildings
Even after the death of 23 children due to the collapse of a dilapidated building in Surat, the Gujarat government does not learn anything from them.
800 houses are dilapidated in Surat district. 159 rooms in 47 primary schools are dilapidated. After permission was granted to demolish 22 rooms of the primary school in Choraban village of Mandvi taluk, students are being taught in the nearby panchayat building. 870 houses are dangerous in Surat city. Roofs of 400 houses of Saraswati Awas are falling in Surat’s Bhestan. It is also revealed that seven years ago the corrupt rulers of the municipality looted the property. In just seven years, people have come on the streets. Here many Saraswati Awas families live in tents or bamboo huts in the open. Surat Corporation has constructed 22 buildings here in which 650 families are living like hell. Got a flat from the government for Rs 84,000. Monthly Rs. People are paying the installment of 750 today.

dilapidated houses of gujarat
There are more than 50 thousand houses in 8 metros and 25 cities of Gujarat, which can collapse anytime. Along with rural areas, there are 1 lakh houses which are standing on the verge of collapse.

There are at least 950 dilapidated houses in Ahmedabad. Apart from this, the Housing Board and Slum Clearance Board have more than five thousand houses. The situation is worse in 1000 year old cities like Rajkot, Vadodara, Surat and Porbandar-Junagadh-Patan.

Odhav event of 2018
In Odhav, two blocks of four-storey buildings, the lifeblood of poor housing, collapsed in the monsoon of 2018. One died. 15 people got trapped. 15 blocks were standing in a dilapidated condition. That’s why orders were given to demolish it.

900 houses in Ahmedabad are dangerous
Despite the Odhav incident, there were about 950 dilapidated buildings in Ahmedabad city. Most of the dilapidated houses were in the Central Zone and Eastern Zone. It has also been decided to check that 20 bridges are old.

A survey of dangerous houses was done before the Rath Yatra from Jaganna, there is a possibility of 1000 houses collapsing on the way. 5 thousand houses are dilapidated in Slum Clearance Board Estate including Naroda.

After the incident of building collapse in Odhav, Ahmedabad, the Gujarat government says that it is formulating a redevelopment policy for the reconstruction of dilapidated houses. The policy was first announced in 2013. However, till date nothing has happened. Earlier, the Slum Re-Development Policy and the House Re-Development Policy of the Gujarat Housing Board were made. A redevelopment policy has been made for the reconstruction of Gujarat Housing Board’s three-decade-old houses, but no plan has been made till date.