From September to October, farmers have started preparing the sowing of potato crop. Before sowing, farmers prefer disease resistant varieties. The Central Potato Research Institute has developed potato varieties by region. Therefore, scientists have asked to cultivate potato varieties according to the 7 climatic zones of Gujarat. In 2020, 40–45cr kg of potato seeds will be imported from outside Gujarat. 30 to 35 tonnes of potatoes are harvested per hectare.
Potatoes in 25 taluka
It is used in vegetables, fenugreek, fries, flour making, kanji and wine, the textile industry. Potatoes are grown in 25 talukas in Gujarat. The taluka has Deesa, Vadgam, Dantiwada, Dhanera, Palanpur, Ladol, Vijapur, Nandol, Dahegam, Manasa, Chaklasi, Borivi, Kanjari, Chhani, Lunawada, Modasa, Prantij, Dhansura, Idar, Prantij, Jamnagar, Dwarka, Anjar.
75% cultivation of two varieties
In Gujarat, Lady Rosetta accounts for 40.50 percent and Kufri Pukhraj 33.3 percent. The most popular variety. This has been decided on the basis of survey conducted by Potato Research Institute. Kufri is also the king, Kufri Locker. 90% of these varieties are cultivated in Gujarat.
Which potatoes are used in which?
- For Vegetables – Kufri Badshah, Kufri Pukhraj, Kufri Locker, Kufri Fame, Kufri Pushkar.
- For Chips – 1, 2, 4 Kufri Chips are Kufri Jyoti, Atlantic.
- For French Fry: Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Surya, Kufri Chipsona-1, Kufri Fry Gold.
- For processing: Kufri Chipsona-1, Kufri Chipsona-2, Kufri Chipsona-3, Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Locker, Kufri Jyoti, Kufri Atlantic.
- For Kachichara: Kufri is Pukhraj, Kufri is Ashok, Kufri is Satluj, Kufri is fame.
- For storage by agglomeration method: Kukri Badshah, Kufri Jawahar, Kufri Bahar, Fukri Sutlej, Kufri Pushkar.
Scientists at the main potato research center at Deesa of Sardaranagar Dantiwada Agricultural University have said that do not use potato seeds grown in Gujarat. 2500 to 3000 kg of seeds are sown in one hectare. 3500 to 4000 kg are used in four rows.
The Department of Agriculture has recommended the use of whole tubers. The pieces of seed weigh 25 to 40 grams. 1 kg mancozeb medicine and 5 kg conch are used in fitness, hence cavities are less. The crop is good. It is advisable to plant only after drying in the open for 8 to 10 hours. Potatoes are removed from cold storage and kept in the open for 7-8 days after use.
9 times more productive than rice
The second crop of potato yields 7 times that of wheat, 9 times from rice and 11 times more than maize.