Gandhinagar, 16 September 2020
Potato cultivation in Gujarat will break all records with 1.25 lakh hectares. Potato cultivation in ravi – winter in Gujarat was sown in 1.18 lakh hectare in 2019-20. Estimated production was 36.65 lakh tonnes. An average production of about 31 thousand kg per hectare was estimated by the Department of Agriculture. Which country is the most. This time, farmers are speculating that potatoes will be planted in an area of 1.25 lakh hectares.
Production can cross 40 million tonnes. Ground water is full due to good rainfall in North Gujarat and Central Gujarat. Not more than 2% of the area in which potatoes are grown through the Narmada canal. Gujarat ranks fourth in potato production, but India’s has the highest productivity per hectare. Gujarat farmers are number one in country in potato production per hectare.
Fourth place in the country
In Gujarat, kharif and summer potatoes are not cooked. Potato sowing will start soon. Prices of potatoes have increased from Rs 4 to Rs 40 per kg. The farmers are quite excited this time. Rabi is becoming more interested in potato cultivation during the season. During the Rabi season, potato cultivation is done in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Haryana.
Gujarat ranks fourth in the country in potato production. Uttar Pradesh accounts for 30 per cent of the total potato production in the country. Potatoes are widespread in western Uttar Pradesh.
Seed prices will increase
According to the Central Potato Research Institute of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, during the rabi season, potato sowing usually starts in late September and lasts till November, while harvesting takes place from December to March. Farmers’ interest in potato will increase.
The area of farming will increase. 40 lakh quintal seeds will be required across the country. Gujarat will require 3.80 lakh tonnes of potato seeds. There are many varieties that produce more than before. Seed prices will increase.
Potato production in India was 513 lakh tonnes in 2019-20, it was 501.90 lakh tonnes in 2018-19. Prices have risen despite higher production. Potatoes are used more because other vegetables could not come out of the field, or because of corona, the vegetables have moved less in the city.
Kharif and summer planting
Kharif and summer crops are grown in Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The sowing season is from May to July, while the crop lasts from September to November. Kharif potato production is very low, so farmers get good prices in this season, while prices are very low during the harvest season due to high production in the Rabi season.
In Gujarat, kharif and summer potatoes are not cooked. Ravi i.e. winter was sown in 1.18 lakh hectare in 2019-20. Production was 36.65 lakh tonnes. The average production was about 31 thousand kilograms per hectare.
The productivity per hectare in India is 23 thousand kilograms.
10 years ago
Potato was planted on 55 thousand hectares in 2010-11. 12.82 lakh tonnes were produced. The average yield per hectare was 23280 kg. In 2011-12, production was 18 lakh tonnes in 78 thousand hectares and productivity was 23 thousand kilograms per hectare. In 2014-15, Uttar Pradesh’s productivity was 18900 kg, West Bengal 25921 kg. The productivity of Gujarat in the 2019-20 season is 31 thousand kg. Which is the highest in entire India.
In 10 years, planting and productivity per hectare has increased significantly in Gujarat. Planting has doubled and production more than doubled in a decade. More than 8,000 kilograms of potatoes have started cooking per hectare.
The cost of production of one kg of potatoes is Rs. 3.22 to Rs. Is 4.84
Potato is produced at a cost of Rs 1 to 1.50 lakh per hectare. The cost of Rs 3.22 per kg is calculated by the government at the cost of Rs 1 lakh per 31 thousand kg of product. When the cost is Rs 1.50 lakhs, the cost is Rs 4.84 per kg. When the farmer’s merchandise arrives in the market, he gets Rs 4 to 6. Farmers expect Rs 7 per kg. According to him, farmers will sell potato in Rs 2,800 to 3,000 crores. Traders will sell for Rs 6,000 crore to Rs 10,000 crore. Thus the merchant will earn more than the labor of the farmers.
10 years ago, Banaskantha accounted for 50% of Gujarat’s total production. Sabarkantha finished second with a 15 per cent share. Last year, in 2017-18, Banaskantha and its separate Aravalli district together accounted for 75 percent. In Banaskantha, 78 lakh hectares were planted with 2.4 million tonnes of potatoes alone. With a 60 per cent share. Which is number one in the entire state. Banaskantha alone is now growing as many potatoes as it used to grow in Pura Gujarat 9 years ago. Banaskantha alone produces 64%.
Potato is grown in 16 districts out of 33.
Potatoes do not grow at all in South Gujarat. Potato comes from outside. Good potatoes are grown in all the districts of North Gujarat and Central Gujarat. Potatoes are not grown anywhere in Saurashtra except Surendranagar, Jamnagar and Dwarka. Potatoes are grown in Kutch.
11 to 12 lakh tonnes of potatoes are stored in cold storage.
In 2016-17, 48.2 million tonnes of potatoes were produced nationwide. Gujarat’s share was 7.43 per cent. 15 million tonnes of potatoes were produced in Uttar Pradesh.
Top 10 potato producing states in 2018-19
- Uttar Pradesh 1.53 CR Tonnes
- West Bengal 2.38 Cr Tonnes
- Bihar 81.01 Lakh Tonnes
- Gujarat 37.07 Lakh Tonnes
- Madhya Pradesh 32.77 lakh tons
- Punjab 27.24 Lakh Tonnes
- Assam 11.17 Lakh Tonnes
- Haryana 8.28 Lakh Tonnes
- Jharkhand 6.94 Lakh Tonnes
- Chhattisgarh 6.60 Lakh Tonnes