Gandhinagar, 4 September 2020
In Gujarat, farmers have broken all previous records by sowing sesame in monsoon-kharif. Sesame was grown 10 years ago on 1.19 lakh hectares. This time it has been planted in 1.50 lakh hectares. Which is 145% above the three-year average. If prices are good, farmers will cultivate sesame in abundance in summer and get good yield.
This sesame variety discovered by Gujarat scientists is considered amazing. Because some of Gujarat’s most productive and monsoon varieties are the most productive in the entire country.
Successful testing of Gujarat sesame crop species Gujarat sesame 2 and Gujarat sesame 5 is conducted in summer by scientists from Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kurara in Bundelkhand district of Uttar Pradesh on the farm of Karan Singh of village Kurura and also by farmers of Raghuveer Singh Pragati, village is.
In the first week of February to March. The species is derived from Gujarat Agricultural University. This was said by an official of the Agriculture Department of Gujarat.
Sesame cultivation in Uttar Pradesh is 4,17,435 hectares and its production is 767 metric tons. Uttar Pradesh accounts for 25 percent of the national production nationwide. Where new species, Type 78, Shekhar, Pragati, Tarun, RT 351 and RT 346 are grown main species.
Uttar Pradesh in Gujarat
This year in Gujarat, many farmers have used seeds from Uttar Pradesh. Sesame can make a big profit at a very low cost. Sesame requires very little water.
Like peanuts, sesame is harvested twice a year in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Summer planting of sesame can be more profitable than rain. This is because sesame crop is likely to be spoiled due to excess rainfall in kharif. This time in Gujarat, in 2020, farmers believe that about 50 percent of the crop has been destroyed due to excess rainfall in 1.50 lakh hectares. Therefore the production has been halved.
Heart disease and obesity are the reasons for increased consumption
In Vedic, sesame is considered heavy, mucus, hot, phlegm-bile-factor, enhancer, beneficial for hair, milk production in the breasts, antipyretic and antipyretic. The consumption of sesame oil has increased because people of Gujarat have more heart disease.
Sesame oil is beneficial in both heart disease and fat content. Although it is two and a half times more expensive than peanut oil, people are turning to eating sesame oil, so farmers are getting better prices, hence increased planting.
The calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and selenium in the oil help keep the heart muscle active. Sesame contains dietary proteins and amino acids that promote bone growth in children and its oil provides essential nutrition to the skin.
Compost in sesame
30 kg of nitrogen contains 20 kg of phosphorus and 25 kg of sulfur, 20 kg of potash. Hence farmers get quantitative and qualitative benefits. Use of 250 kg of gypsum before sowing is beneficial for good crop production. 2.5 per hectare of Azotobacteria and Phosphorus Merging Bacteria (PSB) at the time of sowing.
For tonne dung manure, 250 kg of neem cake is used before sowing. The use of neem cakes for pest control without chemical pesticides has increased. Spray 3 ml per liter of Neem based Disinfectant Ejritin.
Areas with high rainfall are not suitable for its cultivation, as these areas are prone to outbreaks of fungal diseases.
Varieties of sesame
Sesame, T4 T-12, T-13, T-78, Rajasthan Til-346, Madhavi, Shekhar, Kankee White, Pragati, Pratap, Gujarat Til-3, Haryana Til, Tarun, Gujarat Til-4, Punjab Tal-1, Brijeshwari (TLK-4) etc. Is grown.
Sesame variety by state
- Gujarat – Sesame is sown in Gujarat from August and January to the end of February. Gujarat Sesame Number-1, Gujarat Sesame Number-2, RT-54, RT-103, RT-103, Purva-1, RT-103, Gujarat-4 (7-9 quintals) etc. There are young (8-9 quintal) varieties.
- Main varieties in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh – Punjab Til-1, RT-125, Haryana Til-1, Shekhar, T-12, T-13, T-14 etc.
- The best sowing time in Rajasthan – Kharif – end of June and end of July. Main varieties- Pratap, TC-25, T-13, RT-46 (6-8 quintals), RT-54, RT-103, RT-125 (9 to 12 quintals) etc. RT 127 (6-9 quintal) yield.
- Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have N-32, JT-2, TK-G-21, TK-G-22, TK-G-55, UMA, B-67, Rama etc.
- In Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand from February to March, Ravi – B-67 from November to December, Tilothamma, Ram, Uma, Madhavi Gauri, RS-1.