Dilip Patel 10 – 12 – 2021
Gujarat is the only state in the world where castor is cultivated and produced the most. Now it can get more production per hectare and it will not be a surprise if it can set a record of production in the country.
It accounts for 38% of the world’s Diwali output. India has 36% of the total agricultural area of the world. The Government of India has released a report that the farmers of Gujarat are leading the country in the production of castor and achieving maximum production per hectare for more than 5 consecutive years. Gujarat is the largest producer of castor in the world in an average of 5 years from 2015-16 to 2019-20.
Now that Gujarat has been discovered by 10 species of scientists, Gujarat is likely to be at the forefront of the world for the next 5 years.
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has released the report this year. Its research in Anand was done in 2019. Triple bloom, mahogany stem, separate branches. The oil content is 50.03%. This hybrid check gives 9.12% higher yield than GCH 7. It is a medium duration hybrid. In which the plant is of medium size. Seeds have more weight. This hybrid is resistant to wilt disease. Indicates low levels of absorbent insects. Matures in 89-112 days.
Quality prepared by Ars, Sansoli Centre, Gujarat.
A new variety of castor gold developed by agronomists of Gujarat will directly benefit the farmers of Rs 1,600 crore.
Scientists of Anand Krishi Vishwavidyalaya have discovered a new gold variety for Diwali. In which 50% of the oil is extracted. The new variety Charutar Golt has proved to be a super by producing 668 kg more. Gives 45% higher yield than GC3 variety.
Dr. Anand Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Research Director, Dean. R. Vyas said, “There is a unique variety which is resistant to Sukara disease.” Triple bloom, mahogany stem, variegated branching. Can be grown anywhere in the entire irrigated area in Gujarat. Central Gujarat is better. At present it is at number seven in North Gujarat. It may well take its place.
Dr. Ajay Bhanwadia says that since this is the first year, now after 3 years of multiple production it is being given to the farmers in large quantities. Seeds are prepared by multiplying the variety.
The GCH10 variety has been developed by scientist JK Patel of Sansoli Agricultural Research Centre, Anand Agricultural University and his team. Castor of GCH 7 variety matures in 111 days. The weight of 100 seeds of the new variety is 35.35 grams. The GCH grain weighs 31.79 grams.
A new hybrid of castor castor was also developed by Sansoli Center in 2018. In which brown colored B. produces 3230 kg of castor seeds.
In the season 2020-21, 6.42 lakh hectares were sown. The agriculture department had estimated the production of castor at 14.74 lakh tonnes. The Agriculture Department has estimated the castor production of 14.08 lakh tonnes in 2021-22 in 6.30 lakh hectares. And an average yield of 2235 kg per hectare has been expressed in the first estimate by the Department of Agriculture.
Gujarat is expected to produce an average of 2292.69 kg of castor per hectare.
Thus the new variety gives 3230 kg or 937 kg more yield than the Gujarat average. The average yield is 40 percent higher. If it is grown all over Gujarat, if it gives 25% more average production, then 4 lakh tonnes of castor production can go up in one go.
The price of 20 kg castor was Rs 800 in Jamjodhpur APMC on February 1, 2021 and Rs 1684 in Bhabhar. In this way, if the price is considered to be less than Rs 800, then a direct benefit of Rs 1600 crore can be given to the farmers from the new variety.
India is the largest producer and exporter of Diwali. The average productivity of Diwali in Gujarat is 1971 kg. per hectare. which is the highest in the world. This productivity is due to diwali hybrids, crop protection, water and soil management as well as scientific farming practices by scientists and farmers suited to the region.
Gujarat Castor 9 Varieties
Gujarat Hybrid Castor 9 (GCH9) variety was discovered in 2018. Which produces 9% more than the existing hybrid caster GCH-7. Fights insects. GCH-9 gives a yield of 3820 kg castor per hectare. It also reduces the cost of insecticides as it has good resistance against pests. 48.3% oil comes from its seeds.
Agricultural scientists of Junagadh Agricultural University have discovered a new variety and have brought Gujarat on a new road map.
Castor production in the country in 2018-19 was 12.15 lakh tonnes. Out of which 12.15 lakh tonnes was from Gujarat. Gujarat accounts for 77 percent of the country’s goods.
Castor is grown in 67 out of 249 taluks. Which are sold in APMCs or traders take goods from farmers’ fields.
In the last monsoon, 15 lakh tonnes of castor was produced in 6.52 lakh hectares. The farmers took 2293.55 kg per hectare.
Gujarat is at the forefront of good castor seeds. Gujarat has the largest number of hybrid varieties.
Huge growth in 10 years
In 2010-11 plantation was done in 4.90 lakh hectare with a productivity of 2010 kg per hectare. Today 14.70 lakh tonnes of castor has been produced in 6.38 lakh hectare with 2303 kg per hectare.