Gandhinagar, 11 August 2020
The most commonly used herb in corona is turmeric. Farmers in Gujarat are increasing the production of turmeric, but Gujarat still has to depend on external turmeric for the powder. It is possible to get 1.50 to 1.60 lakh tonnes directly from the new turmeric as against the current production of 80-86 thousand tonnes.
Gujarat produces an average of 20 tonnes of turmeric per hectare. Farming has grown by 162 percent in the last 10 years. Production has increased by 273 percent. Currently, people of Gujarat mostly eat turmeric powder from outside. Existing turmeric is mostly sold as green turmeric. While for powder, state, other states have to depend.
15 years ago
In 2005–6, 16509 tonnes of turmeric was barely grown on 1395 hectares in Gujarat. Turmeric was grown in 8 districts. The highest turnover in Panchmahal was 315 hectares. But production was low. Vadodara had a production of 4644 tonnes on 258 hectares. It was followed by 2750 tonnes in 275 hectares in Anand. Surat had 3040 tonnes in 190 hectares.
10 years ago
In 2008-09, turmeric was cultivated in 18 districts. There was 23305 tonnes of turmeric in 1686 hectares. Panchmahal in Gujarat had the highest planting area of 4500 tonnes in 300 hectares. Dahod then produced 3180 tonnes on 265 hectares. Anand had 2600 tons in 260 hectares, 3552 tons in 222 hectares in Surat, 3330 tons in 185 hectares in Vadodara and 2432 tons in 152 hectares in Navsari. Saurashtra had the highest yield of 200 tonnes of turmeric on 10 hectares. Amreli had 40 tonnes on 5 hectares. There were 9 districts where turmeric was not grown.
Turmeric production in 2018-19
The Horticulture Department official said that in 2018-19, the total area of turmeric in Gujarat was 4424 hectares and production was 86930 tonnes. Thus, in 10 years, good planting and production has started. Fir is also less. Gujarat will have a good crop in the next 5 years. At present, Navsari has the highest yield of turmeric 19603 tonnes on 887 hectares in the state. Dahod was second with 13,860 tonnes of turmeric grown on 700 hectares.
At number three, Panchmahal produced 10037 tonnes of turmeric on 515 hectares. Central Gujarat has the highest area of 2253 hectares with 42 thousand tonnes. But South Gujarat has the highest production of 40,000 tonnes in 1950 hectares. Saurashtra produced 1316 tonnes of turmeric on 80 hectares. Amreli had the highest yield of 476 tonnes on 24 hectares. Surendranagar had 370 tonnes on 22 hectares.
The new variety produces 38 tonnes. Thus Gujarat produces twice the average. If the IISR PRAGATI variety is grown in 4 thousand hectares, then it is possible to get 1.50 to 1.60 lakh tons directly against the existing 80 thousand tons.
The plant is native to the temperate region of South Asia. Temperatures around 30C and a good amount of rain or water are required. The root is cultivated to get tumors. India and Pakistan are major producers of turmeric. This powder is used in South Asian cuisine, Middle Eastern cuisine, in the dyeing industry. Raw turmeric contains 0.3 to 5.4 percent curcumin.
In the state of Gujarat, mainly Valsad, Navsari, Surat, Panch hai. Turmeric is cultivated in Mahal, Sabarkantha, Anand and Nadiad districts. Mango Chikuni is grown in South Gujarat as a mixed crop and intercrop. However, turmeric is now being cultivated in Saurashtra as well.
Fertile soils, well drained and sufficient organic matter, loam, medium black or alluvial soils along the river are more suitable, with hot and humid climate. 50-60 tonnes of well-drained manure is required per hectare.
Suguna: Thick round knots, 6% oil, 190 days early crop ready, 7.20 tonnes a ha product. 4.9% is curcumin.
Sudarshan: Round knots, 2% oil, 190 days quick ripening, 7.29 tonnes per hectare production, 7.9% curcumin.
Gold: dark orange color, 7% oil, medium time in 210 days, 4.6 tons per hectare, 4% curcumin.
Krishna: Long and round tumors, 2% oil, moderate resistance to fly and leaf disease, yield 4 tonnes per hectare, medium maturity in 255 days, 2.8% curcumin.
Fragrance: Red yellow lumps, oil 2.7%, 4 tons per hectare, medium maturity in 210 days, 3.1% curcumin.
Roma: Oil 4.2%, 6.43 tonnes per hectare production, 253 days medium-term ripe, 9.3% curcumin.
Suroma: Reddish brown bark, 4.4% oil, 5 tonnes per hectare, ripe in medium time 253 days, 9.3% curcumin.
Late maturing quality
The Coimbatore and BSR varieties are late maturing varieties.
Agricultural scientists at the Fruit Research Center in Ganadevi have studied several varieties and found that aromatic and saffron varieties are promising. Accordingly, farmers are recommended for planting.
Turmeric requires a lot of water. Hence drip irrigation improves its production. Irrigation has to be done 40-50 times.
Crop Protection Disease
Leaves become yellow and dry when brown spots appear on the leaves, causing a tumor with fungus. In many places there are leaf sucking and trunk feeding insects.
What does Amreli farmer say
Ketan Ashwin Rangaparia, who has been cultivating turmeric in Amreli for 15 years, said that he has started cultivating turmeric so that wild animals will not eat the crop. After the closure of Bt cotton, turmeric cultivation has increased for 5 years now. There is no cost to the pesticides . Higher labor costs. The cost of labor and removal is high. Planted in March, April, May and June. Matures in 6-7 months. The yield of turmeric sown in May is good. Drip irrigation makes the product better. Lattice 26 to 28 should be applied vertically. There should be a distance of 6 to 7 inches between the two plants. Whole buds should plow 8 inches deep in summer and 6 inches deep in monsoon. In summer planting should be done in the morning or after 5 pm. Do not plant in the afternoon. Do not give water in the afternoon in summer. Watering in the sun reduces production. Good yield is obtained only when there is a good habit for sowing. If you make a mistake in planting, you will not get a good product. 7359582925 is the contact number of Ketan Rangaparia.
A farmer from Jamghada (Rambha) village of Dang cultivates Daksha Birari turmeric. Turmeric goes to Saputara, Nashik, Shirdi, Gondal. Operates a processing unit to make turmeric powder. Turmeric is steamed in a boiler machine, dried and peeled in a polished drum, cut into pieces in the machine, one is crushed, extracted through a sieve and for sale. Is prepared.
Turmeric in salty desert
Kanti Damodar Patel of Nagdaka village in Pati, Surendranagar planted green turmeric in the dry land of the desert in 4 bigha field.
The entire village produce turmeric
Farmers of Fakharia village in Dhari taluka of Amreli cultivate yellow turmeric. The most cultivated white turmeric in Gujarat is cultivated in this village. Due to its proximity to the forest, turmeric cultivation does not cause any animal disturbance. The first cultivation of turmeric in Saurashtra started here with few plants and now the entire village grows turmeric.
The Indian Institute of Spices Research has developed a variety that matures in a short time with good production. The new variety IISR PRAGATI (Pragati) is in great demand among the farmers of North Gujarat. It matures in 180 days with less water. One hectare of green yield is 38 tons. It gives higher yields than all other varieties. It weighs 52 tons in a favorable environment. Yields are 35 percent higher than other wins. Suitable for Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Gujarat and Chhattisgarh.