Gandhinagar, 9 October 2020
Gujarat has a population of 1.25 lakh blue cows outside the forest. Those who go to the farm and graze in the field. This results in a loss of Rs 5,000 crore annually to farmers in agriculture crops. Still there is no solution. There are around 700 Blue cow not only on the farm but around the township of Chief Minister Vijay Rupani and his minister in Gandhinagar city. Cows enter the secretariat.
Which does damage when the surrounding fields go to grazing fodder. If there is a situation where 1200 officers of Agriculture Department reside, what will be the attack of blue cow in 18 thousand villages of Gujarat? 4 lakh rupees per year is spent in Gujarat on a blue cow. A blue cow damages the farm by Rs 4 lakh per year. Farmers incur a loss of Rs 1100 per day from a Nilgai.
Direct loss in 5 lakh hectares
One hectare of land can be used to feed 5 domesticated animals. In one hectare, 25 thousand kg of grass can be produced in a season. A pet eats 20 kg and a blue cow eats 30 kg of green fodder. An animal needs 30 liters of water. According to this, 1.25 lakh domesticated cows consume 37-40 lakh kg of agricultural crop daily. 137 to 140 million kg of grass is eaten every year.
The entire agricultural crop can be eaten in 55 thousand hectares. He moves from one farm to another, wasting 10 times as much as he eats. Thus, Nilgai damage crops in 5 to 6 lakh hectares. In Gujarat, there are 45 lakh farmers and 10 lakh farming partners, who are being harassed by the Nilgai.
Production per hectare
Castor 1800 kg, all pulses 1015 kg, maize 2500 kg, bhalia wheat 756 kg, sorbet 1000 kg, wheat 2800 kg, cotton 525 kg, groundnut 3715 kg are produced. Cotton is cultivated in 1.7 million hectares and groundnut is 25 lakh hectares. Now if Nilgai is reduced by 10 per cent in 5 to 6 lakh hectares, then farmers will lose 1000 kg per hectare. At an average of Rs 100 per kg, the Nilgai are losing Rs 5,000 crore. Eminent journalist Dilip Patel explained it to us.
Allowed to kill
The Forest and Environment Department has approved the killing of the Nilgai. Farmers have been given gun licenses since 2000 to kill indigo cows. But the farmers will not kill it. Some meat merchants hunt it and sell it as beef in the cities. The Nilgai is a wild animal, but it now feeds on revenue areas and farms. . As a result, 700 people die in auto accidents every year.
Experiment with chhas and cow urine
Walaji Chatur Sabhani, a farmer from Sayla, has figured out a great way to keep cows away from the farm. Srishti Sansthan of Ahmedabad has studied his method. A new way of protecting crops is recognized. 20 days old buttermilk is diluted with water and sprinkled with equal urine and sprinkled in the shed around the field. Nilgai do not occur for 6 to 7 days after such spraying. Now their use has come to the benefit of farmers in Surendranagar district. Nilgai does not come to eat agricultural produce due to the smell. Such is believed by the farmers.
Cow dung and buttermilk
Also, keeping nilgai around the field keeps the nilgai away. Taking 3 kg of cow dung or cow dung and soaking it in 1 liter buttermilk and 10 liters of water, spraying it around the field in the evening keeps the nil cow away.
Also, tying useless colored sarees around the farm does not bring the blue cow closer.
It can also be stopped by planting barbed wire fences around the farm. The government gives subsidy for this.
Haribhai, a farmer from Khambhalia village in Bhainsana, has built a lighthouse for Rs 500. Cut an empty can of oil on both sides, place a torch in it, top the wind wing. It rotates with the wind all night, so stay away from Nilgai or wild animals. Farmers can make such arrangement by placing plates in it. So that the compartment rotates and hits the plate, which makes the sound of the plate.