Dilip Patel 20 December 2021
15 new hybrid fodder varieties have been developed by agronomists and recommended for planting by farmers. The varieties discovered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research have been recommended by the Ministry of Agriculture. In which there are 5 types of fodder for the shepherds of Gujarat. It took about 6 to 10 years to find these varieties. Of these, the Gujarat Agricultural Universities have not developed any variety. Invented outside Gujarat but grown in Gujarat can provide good feed for cattle.
In Gujarat, 30 lakh liters of milk is provided by 37 lakh shepherds through 19,500 gram milk collection centres. The total livestock population in Gujarat is estimated at 2.68 crore. They are given flour and green or dry fodder. In monsoon, fodder is grown in 40 lakh hectares. Sowing is done in 4.70 to 5 lakh hectare in Ravi season. Thus fodder is produced in 50 lakh hectares in three seasons in the state.
Oats (Avena sativa) OL1869-1 OL 13 – Barley or goat for shepherds is the best feed for the Ravi season. Which is recommended for farmers of 8 other states other than Gujarat. Its production gives an average of 624.5 quintals of green fodder per hectare. 25.1 quintal barley seeds are obtained. Matures in 155 days.
Jhanvi has also developed another variant, Central Oat OS 405 (OS 405). Which is recommended for cultivation in 5 states other than Gujarat. One hectare gets 515 quintal green fodder and 115 quintal dry fodder in sunny season. 15.39 quintal seed is produced. Ready in 155 days
Another variety of barley is OL 1861. Which is recommended for cultivation in 17 states apart from Gujarat. An average hectare yields 4487 quintals of green fodder. 19.60 quintal seed is produced. Ready in 160 days.
In addition to Gujarat, the hybrid millet BNH-11 (BAIF Napier Hybrid-11) is recommended for cultivation for livestock in 14 states. It produces 1219 quintals of green fodder and 277 quintals of dry fodder per hectare. The specialty of this millet is that it produces mature quality green food, green leaves, thick oval stems, soft, long and broad leaves without puberty with an interval of 55 days.
Rajgaro – Grain Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) BGA 4-9 (Suvadra) Grass is recommended for growing for pastoralists and farmers of Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra besides Gujarat. Which gives 17 quintal to 28 quintal per hectare yield in sunny season. Ready in 126 days.
India does not accept the RCEP Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. Had there been agreements, many dairy products from New Zealand and Australia would have been shipped to India. Then the dairy industry of Gujarat or India would have ended. India produces 20% of the world’s milk. There are 1.70 crore small milk producers in the country. Two lakh cooperatives give milk to the milk societies. But cooperative dairies account for only 0.25 percent of the world’s total exports of milk or its products. Amul Dairy is one of the top 20 dairies in the world, yet the cooperative sector of Gujarat has failed miserably in exports.
Sanjay Rabari, a shepherd from Anand keeps 500 cows. The milk production has become the winner in the competition.
Geetaben of Gondal earns a profit of Rs 14 lakh by keeping 45 cows.
According to the State Animal Husbandry Department, Gujarat had 2,71,28,200 cows, buffaloes, goats and sheep in 2012. Banaskantha district had maximum 25.44 lakh livestock. There were 1 crore cows. In 2019 it has come down from 3.50 lakhs to 96.34 lakhs. Actually it should have been 1.20 crores. Buffalo is worth 1.05 crores.
Cottonseed in India produces 110 lakh tonnes of cottonseed. In which 12 lakh tonnes of cottonseed is produced in Gujarat. One million tonnes of flour can be prepared by extracting 17 to 20 percent oil. At least 1.70 to 5.10 crore kg cottonseed food is given to 1.70 crore cattle daily. quite likely. Keeping in view the whole year, from 620 crore kg to 1861 crore kg cottonseed food goes. Suppose only 300 crore kilograms of cottonseed meal are used. However, against this the production of cottonseed meal is only 1 million tonnes or 100 million kilograms. It simply means that at least 3 of them are getting c