Gandhinagar, 2 December 2020
The flower gardens of Gujarat are flourishing but the export of flowers abroad is declining. Gujarat accounts for barely 1% of India’s total exports. Which is a major failure of the Gujarat government. Having cold storage at Ahmedabad, Surat, Rajkot airport is the first requirement for export of flowers. Farmers of Gujarat have to bear a loss of Rs 2,000 crore in floriculture annually. Therefore, adequate prices are not available in the domestic market.
The price of kilo flowers is Rs. 255 from the exit. Domestic price is Rs. 70-80 per kg from Mushkil.
Tamil Nadu sends flowers worth Rs 228 crore abroad, but barely 4.10 percent in Gujarat. Thus, Gujarat ranks 7th out of 13 states in flower exports.
Flower exporting states
State – Production Quintal – Rs. Crore
Tamil Nadu 8630.47 – 228.21
Maharashtra 1433.40 – 115,55
West Bengal 2634.92 – 89.82
Karnataka 2165.16 – 61,49
Kerala 734.96 – 22.81
Andhra Pradesh 543.50 – 13.43
Gujarat 160.58 – 4.10
Uttar Pradesh 345.57 – 2.30
Bihar 230.47 – 1.61
Delhi 21.62 – 1.08
Telangana 14.25 – 0.44
Rajasthan 12.43 – 0.41
Haryana’s score is 5.81 – 0.21
Total 16,933.14- 541.46
How much export
In greenhouse farming, very high quality roses, gerberas, carnations, hadiolus, orchids, aurium, gypsophila etc. are produced and exported to the international market. U ha Flowers are exported 27%, Netherlands 14%, Japan 13%, Germany 6%. Among various floriculture products, India ranks third in exports of dried flowers after Australia and South Africa.
50% production in central Gujarat
Farmers in Gujarat have increased production by 130 percent in 10 years. But farmers are facing difficulties because the government does not pay any attention to exports. 50% of all flowers produced in Gujarat are produced in 8 districts of central Gujarat. The highest number of flowers are in Navsari, Anand, Valsad, Vadodara, Ahmedabad.
Success of farmers
Flower gardens in Gujarat are now leaping high. Due to greenhouses, floriculture has increased, so exports have also increased. Production of flowers has increased by 130 percent in the last 10 years. The largest markets are for roses, marigold, marigold and marigold. Farmers are lagging behind in rose cultivation. Due to shortage of export equipment, they are planted in the fields as per local requirement. But the biggest thing is that there has been a 78 percent increase in planting, due to which productivity has increased by 130 percent due to increase in productivity. Two lakh tonnes of flowers have started blooming in Gujarat. This is a proof that the purchasing power of the people of Gujarat has increased and at the same time exports have also increased. As the prosperity of the people of Gujarat increased, so did the fondness of flowers.
How much has flower farming increased?
Flowers were cultivated on 11473 hectares in 2008-09. Which has increased to 20497 hectares in 2018-19. It has increased to 9024 hectares. Which shows a 78 percent increase in plantations over 10 years. In 2019-20, there were gardens in an area of 20,378 hectares. Plantation has declined. Even production has increased.
In 2008-09, 85216 tonnes of flowers were produced. Which increased to 195856 tonnes in 10 years in 2018-19. In 10 years, the production of flowers increased by 130 percent. Thus the productivity of flower gardens has increased. But in 2019-20, it has increased to 1.96 lakh tonnes. 9.62 tonnes of flowers are produced per hectare. The farmers have succeeded but the government has failed.
Consuming farmers do not see the smell of roses
Marigold gardens are growing more than rose orchards. Mogra cultivation has reduced. But there has been a huge increase in the cultivation and production of greens. Thus the production of marigold and green color is increasing. Farmers are less interested in the production of beautiful roses, but floriculture is becoming more favorable because the income is good and they are consumed immediately.
Production increased in central Gujarat
Farmers are showing little interest in flowers in northern Gujarat and Saurashtra-Kutch, where they are mostly grown for local needs. But there farming is less because there is no facility to export. The opening of the International Airport at Rajkot is expected to increase floriculture. Good flowers are produced in central Gujarat. Because it is being exported from Ahmedabad airport. If the government still facilitates, exports are likely to increase. But farmers are waiting for what happens after the Ahmedabad airport becomes private.
Central Gujarat produces one lakh tonnes of flowers. Which is 50 percent of Gujarat. Anand, Valsad, Vadodara, Ahmedabad are the districts most interested in flowers.
As the greenhouse grows, so does the international flower market.
If farmers have started adopting greenhouse floriculture, production of quality flowers has started. There is a good demand for flowers abroad as well as locally. Flowers grown in greenhouses are in good demand internationally as they are of good international quality.
The more cold storage, the more farming
After harvest the crop needs to be kept in cold storage. Storage, transportation and use during storage, need to be chemically well treated. Grading is to be done as per the standards in the national and international market. Double profits can be achieved by making good packing, bouquets, button holes, floral arrangements, necklaces, braid, garlands.