National Academy of Coastal Policing (NACP)
On April 24, 2018, The Union Home Ministry approved the setting up of the National Coastal Police Academy from the premises of the Gujarat Fisheries Research Center located at Okha in Devbhoomi Dwarka district of Gujarat. The foundation stone of this institute was laid after 5 years on 20 May 2023.
It was decided that the first of its kind organization in the country would be formed by a multi-agency mix of paramilitary and defense forces. It will enhance the accountability and capability of maritime forces in the littoral states.
According to the order, while the policing think tank of the Union Home Ministry – Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) decided to set up Border Security Force (BSF) Academy in Gujarat to guard the Indian border. The Navy and the Coast Guard will form a corps to run the academy. The BSF will also be guarding the complex located on the Arabian Sea coast and just a short distance from the Pakistan coast.
On 28 May 2022, BSF Gujarat announced that the National Academy of Coastal Policing was set up to sharpen the response and skills of marine forces of Indian coastal states in the wake of 26/11 Mumbai attacks.
Upgradation of the National Coastal Security Mechanism and adoption of best practices to strengthen the Coastal Security of the country.
A Project Director was made to directly supervise the establishment of this National Academy.
Was able to set up infrastructure and conduct the first “Marine Police Foundation Course”. NACP Okha, Gujarat conducted 07 “Marine Police Foundation Course” in which 427 police personnel from Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Daman Diu, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar, Puducherry, Gujarat Customs personnel and CISF trained
After the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, every Coastal Police Station, Border Security and Coast Guard personnel felt the need for a coordinated response. Then former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had decided the policy of establishment of such an institution. The total strength of Coast Police personnel in the country is 12,000 and once the academy becomes fully operational, it will have the facility to train 3,000 people in a year. Within 4 years, 100 percent training will be given to all the jawans associated with the Indian Coast Guard.
If the borders of a country are not secure then there is no point in development. He said that any country can remain safe only with strong security of its borders. India’s land border is 15,000 km long and sea border is 7,516 km long. Of the 7,516 km long maritime boundary, 5,422 km is the mainland boundary and over 2,000 km is the island boundary.
India is home to 1,382 islands, 3,337 coastal villages, 11 major ports, 241 non-major ports and 135 institutions. Which includes space, defence, atomic energy, petroleum, shipping etc.
On May 20, 2023 Union Home and Cooperation Minister Amit Shah inaugurated Rs. Laid the foundation stone of permanent campus of National Academy of Coastal Policing (NACP) to be built at a cost of Rs 470 crore.
The Home Minister announced that to strengthen the coastal security, the work on the National Coastal Police Academy on 450 acres of land has been started from today.
Under the guidance of Narendra Modi, the security of the country and the country’s borders was further strengthened.
The living, health, equipment, working facilities of border guards will be improved.
Dwarka means the gateway to the country Krishna came to this place from Mathura and built a big trade center bordering the sea.
Five different BSF company posts and one observation post tower of 18th Corps have become operational at a cost of Rs 56 crore.
The people of the country sleep peacefully and consider the country safe because BSF is deployed on the border. BSF has a glorious history and till the last drop of blood was shed, BSF jawans fought valiantly for every inch of land of the country. On many occasions, when the army takes over during the war, the BSF has to go back, but there are many occasions when the BSF jawans did not think it right to go back and fought the enemy shoulder to shoulder with the army.
Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard, Marine Police, Customs and Fishermen have adopted a Maritime Security Policy to make a complete Sudarshan Chakra of security circle for India.
Security at sea is provided by ships and aircraft of the Indian Navy. Security in the middle seas is handled by the Indian Navy and Coast Guard and in territorial waters by the Water Wing of the BSF, while the patriotic fishermen of the village ensure the country’s security by acting as a channel of information.
In the 2008 Mumbai attack, 166 innocent lives were lost when a Gujarat-based boat was hijacked by Pakistani pirates due to a blunder by border security agencies.
Coordination and communication on coastal security and intelligence, joint coastal patrolling by laying down protocols for patrolling at regular intervals, protection of fishermen, issue of more than 1 million Aadhaar cards to fishermen with QR codes, ensuring security arrangements at 1537 fish lead points and Creating a Blue Economy which includes ensuring security at all fishing ports etc. Still, intruders are caught inside the border. Which cannot be done in the river or on the shore.
Be it the land border of Kutch, be it Sir Creek, Harminala or the sea coast of Porbandar or be it Dwarka, Okha, Jamnagar, Salaya.
In 2013, 7 lakh tonnes of fish from the sea of Gujarat.
There are 550 fishermen imprisoned in Pakistani jails.
When Gujarat got the status of a constitutional state on May 1, 1960, there were 3531 boats. In which 314 mechanized fish production of 80 thousand tonnes worth Rs 175 crore was done. Jane
In 2021-22 it was now 37 thousand boats out of which 28 thousand were operated by machines. In 2013 the production decreased from 7 lakh tonnes to 6 lakh 88 thousand tonnes. Whose selling price was Rs 7650 crore.
Fish production has decreased in Modi rule but fishermen and boats have increased. There are 10 lakh fishermen members in Gujarat. Which is occupied by Pakistan.
Estimated Landings: 5.76 lakh tonnes } The estimated marine fish landings from Gujarat for 2021 was 5.76 lakh tonnes, recording a nearly 23% decrease compared to the 2019 landings. The decline was mainly due to the COVID-19 pandemic in addition to the erratic weather, which significantly impacted fishing efforts, movement of migratory fishers from other states, trade-related issues, etc.
Major contributing resources in the marine fish landings in 2021 were Non-penaeid prawns (1.41 lakh tonnes) followed by Ribbon fishes (0.60 lakh tonnes).
Gir Somnath district contributed the highest of 2.25 lakh tonnes in 2021, followed by Porbandar (1.11 lakh tonnes) and Junagadh (0.94 lakh tonnes).
The major harbours viz., Veraval, Mangrol and Porbandar accounted for 49% of the total catch in Gujarat.