If air grown potatoes are made in the lab, then the production can be doubled and converted into silver.
(Dilip Patel) There is no potato seed production laboratory in Gujarat. It is necessary to give certified seeds of potato crop on time. But it doesn’t happen. Soil sown potato seeds can be made pest or virus free by setting up an aeroponic lab. However, Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Gujarat BJP leader Purushottam Rupala, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has not brought a laboratory to Gujarat which will benefit Gujarat.
Plants need soil or soil to grow. Potatoes can be grown in air even without soil. The Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has developed technology for aerial potato seed production. The Agriculture Department estimates that 38.71 lakh tonnes of potato will be grown in 1.28 lakh hectares in Gujarat in 2021-22. One hectare can yield 30293 kg yield. If new technology is used for seed production, it can double the production.
Aeroponic breeders save up to two years in seed development compared to conventional methods. Doesn’t require much space. Wages are low. May be more expensive in the beginning. Pests and diseases are also very rare. This method can produce 10 times more potatoes. Aeroponics can produce more for less cost. Less water is used. Potatoes get their nutrients from hanging roots rather than soil. In which virus does not cause disease. From time to time, a nutrient solution mixed with water is added to the boxes for the plants. Potatoes are ready in 70-80 days.
Nutrients are provided in the form of mist to the roots by aeroponics. The upper part of the plant is exposed to open air and light. An average of 35-60 miniseconds (3-10 grams) is obtained from one plant. Soil borne diseases do not occur due to non-use of soil.
Aeroponic method is essential for virus free potato seed production. Gujarat needs about 4 lakh tonnes of potato seeds. With the help of new technology, one million mini tubers can be produced. 2500 to 3000 kg of seed is sown in one hectare. 3500 to 4000 kg are used in four rows. 40 to 450 million kg of potato seeds are imported from outside Gujarat. Crores of rupees can be saved for the farmers of Gujarat. Virus-free seeds can benefit potato crop worth lakhs of rupees. Therefore, there is a need to set up aeroponics lab in December. The work that Rupala can do in the best possible way.
The state of Gujarat grows 29.92 million tonnes of potatoes in 1.15 lakh hectares worth Rs 2000 crore. Potatoes are grown in December on 40-45 thousand hectares. Where most potatoes are grown in the whole country. And that’s where the most damage happens. Potato production in India in 2019-20 was 513 lakh tonnes, in 2018-19 it was 501.90 lakh tonnes.
There is a Central Potato Research Institute at Shimla. Those who actually ripen the most potatoes should be brought there. But Gujarat’s Union Minister of State for Agriculture Parshottam could not bring Rupala. If potatoes can be brought, production can be increased.
Scientists in Shimla have discovered an aeroponic method of seed production without viruses, which is available to farmers in many parts of the country. Gujarat government is inactive. The Horticulture Department of Madhya Pradesh has just been given license for this technology. Uttar Pradesh accounts for 30% of the production. The Government of India has approved the Aeroponic project.
Potato is the third largest agricultural crop in the world. The only demand of the future is hydroponics and aeroponic farming.
Rs 100 crore loss due to caterpillar
Caterpillars eating potato stems cause a loss of Rs 100 crore in Gujarat. A total of 16 percent of potatoes get spoiled. This includes 3 to 5 percent damage from tickly black caterpillars.
Rs 320 crore has to be spent on extracting potatoes from the field. There are also caterpillars eating potatoes.
Potato is most affected by this disease among all vegetables. Gives yield of 300 to 350 quintals per hectare in 110 to 120 days in which 48-50 quintals of potato has to be sown per hectare.
The caterpillars live in crevices in the ground during the day. At night, the trunk is cut near the ground and eaten with dry leaves. In the later stages of the harvest, the caterpillars feed on the potato tubers growing in the soil. Hence there is a decline in production and quality.
Why no lab in Gujarat?
On an average, the farmers of Gujarat get about 31 thousand kg per hectare of production. The area under potato production in India has increased by 19% in the last 11 years. Then Gujarat has seen an increase of 170%. 40 lakh families have joined this sector and got employment. He said that the production of potato in the country has increased by 3 per cent in the last one decade and it is expected to grow by 4 per cent annually. It is projected to grow 150% by 2050
In 2010-11, potato was planted in 55 thousand hectares. The production was 12.82 lakh tonnes. The average yield per hectare was 23280 kg. In 2011-12, the production in 78,000 hectares was 18 lakh tonnes and the productivity was 23,000 kg per hectare. The productivity of Uttar Pradesh was 18900 kg in 2014-15, while that of West Bengal was 25921 kg. The productivity of Gujarat in 2019-20 season is 31 thousand kg. Which is the highest in the whole of India.
Plantation has doubled and production has doubled in 10 years. More than 8,000 kg of potato per hectare has started to ripen. The cost of production of one kg of potato ranges from Rs 3.22 to Rs 4.84. With the new technology, 80 thousand kg and the price can be done at Rs 2 per kg. In this way the price of potato can come up to 50 paise per kg. Gujarat is currently the fourth largest producer of potato in the country.
The second crop of potato is 7 times that of wheat, 9 times that of rice and It gives 11 times more yield than maize. If new technology is used, then the production from its seeds is 14-15 times more than other crops.