Mango flowers die before fruiting in Gujarat, production will decrease due to early summer

Mango production will decrease due to early summer

Dilip Patel, 8 May 2022
The sudden rise in temperature in March has had an adverse effect on the mango orchards. Which will also affect the yield. Mango bears less fruit due to rising temperature. The flowers could not withstand the high temperatures and withered. Flowers bloomed in February and March. The farmers were delighted to see the dense white clusters of flowers. But now that the mangoes are ripe, the happiness is over. Prolonged winters and extreme heat can reduce production by 25 to 40 percent.

Extreme heat waves have engulfed most of India. March 2022 has been the hottest month ever in the last 122 years. Both farmers and agronomists believe that this time the production of mangoes will be less, which is likely to boost the prices of mangoes. A 9 kg box of saffron mango is available for Rs 1500. A 60 kg mango is sold for Rs.

Carey’s position would have been better at the end of May-June. Such a loss has hardly happened before.

According to a report by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat are the sixth largest producers of mangoes in the country.

India is the largest producer of mango in the world. India’s annual production in 2019-20 was 20.26 million tonnes, which is half of the world’s total production. About 1,000 varieties of mango are grown in India, but only 30 are used commercially.

According to the data of the Ministry of External Affairs, mango exports from India reached 46,789.60 tonnes in 2019-20.

But this year is looking very bad for common farmers.

Padma Shri Khedut Prasad of Malihabad has announced that there will be 60 percent production in his mango orchard.

According to the Ministry of External Affairs, Maharashtra-Gujarat Alphonso is the country’s largest exporter. Other popular varieties include saffron, langra and chausa.

The weather has started to change in the last decade. It rained several times in May and June as well. It has been raining since last 3 years. Not only this, the rain was also very heavy. The fields were flooded and the humidity was high.

The flowers were very nice but the medicine could not be sprayed due to the temperature. Inadvertent use of pesticides-sulfur by farmers causes extreme heat for flowers. The effects of deadly heat can be minimized if the gardens are well hydrated. The soil used by farmers who used organic manure was cold. Irrigation is required for 15 to 20 days after flowering.

There was a mid-term outbreak in Gir in April.

South Gujarat
In Navsari’s Valsad, the temperature reached 38 degree Celsius instead of 28-32 a month ago. Then the mango crop was in danger. Many pea-sized mangoes turn yellow and fall off. Normally 50-60 grams of mango was 8 to 10 grams.

Talala is the largest center of saffron mango. It is estimated that there are 17 lakh mangoes in 13 thousand hectares around it. The season of 50 days is of Carrie. Which has a turnover of Rs 100 crores.

saffron weather
After morning dew and 10 am, high temperature persisted in late March and early April.
Carey’s constitution was damaged by the scorching heat after the dew.

When mangoes fall or break due to storm, mangoes will ripen less. Mango harvest was delayed this year due to adverse effects of global warming. When the saffron mangoes were in bloom in January, the situation was reversed. The auction will begin in May at Talala Mango Market.

price change
In 2020, farmers will get an average of Rs. 345 and Rs. 355 prices were found per 10 kg box. Not more than 400 farmers will get this this year. Traders will sell these goods between 1200 to 1500.


The storm caused a loss of Rs 11,250 crore in 5 years due to the fall of 20% mangoes.

Mango orchards carried 1.22 lakh tonnes in 1.66 lakh hectares in 2019-20. Which fell to 1.63 lakh hectares in 2020-21. The orchards were cleaned in 3 thousand hectares. The production was barely 9.98 lakh tonnes. Production has declined by 19 per cent. According to him, even the gardens would have been damaged by 20%.

Thus, production reduced by 2.25 lakh tonnes due to the storm. Due to which mangoes have fallen, production will be less in 2022 as well. Last year there was a loss of Rs 2250 crore and this year also there will be a loss of Rs 2250 crore due to shortage of mangoes last year. Thus it takes 5 years to grow a mango. According to him, there will be a loss of Rs 11,250 crore in mango due to storm in 5 years.