Gandhinagar, 9 December 2020
Dholavira in Kutch, Gujarat is an endangered city of ancient royalty and metropolitan culture, located in the Khadirbet region of Bhachau taluka of Kutch. This culture is five thousand years old. It is estimated that around fifty thousand people lived in this metropolis at that time. The entire city, water system, palace construction or province palace, people’s living conditions, etc. had to be seen. There was a complete royal system. It is believed that Bharatni is found in the most ancient Raj system in Dholavira.
There were palaces here. This is the place where this prince spent his childhood. Political person, officers, petty officials, were the palace for the traders to live, common citizens. There was also a plaque at the north gate. This plaque may have fallen down for some unknown reason. Ten letters were found on this plaque. However, the experts were not yet able to understand the characters. The language spoken and written by the Harappan people is still unknown. No one has been able to read the official language.
Dholavira city was divided into three main parts:
The palace of the ruling officer, residence of other officers, residence of common citizens
Ruling officer’s palace
The ruling officer’s palace occupies a high position in the town. It was surrounded by strong fortifications. The fort had four gates. Politics used to be here. The palace of the rulers of this city is built on a high place. A defensive wall can be seen around the city. There was a fort around 120 acres around the palace and there were entrances around the fort.
Other Officers’ Houses
There was also a protective wall around other officers’ residences. Two to five room buildings were found here. The concept of a two or three bedroom hall kitchen is in Dholavira. Other city officials had the concept of two to five rooms in buildings.
Of course, the presence of a defense wall can also be seen around it. The construction of this fort gives an idea of the precautions to be taken against the enemies.
Habitat of common citizens
The houses of ordinary townspeople were made of hand-made bricks.
Used to write from right to left
Of course, the text so far suggests that their language could have had some 500 letters. Of course, as we used to write from right to left, not from left to right. Most of the text was found on stone inscriptions. Currencies were used for trade or official proceedings.
During the search, researchers also found that there was a sea route between Dholavira and Lothal near, Ahmedabad. It is considered for the transportation trade. Pearls, gems, oyster, gold, silver, copper utensils, pottery, jewelery etc. were found. Dholavira had special commercial importance in cities of Harappan culture extending to Gujarat, Sindh and Punjab.
Raw concrete bricks
Mohenjo-daro and Hadadapa were built of raw paved bricks. This dholavira is made of almost square and rectangular stones. The stones are finally excavated from the mines. Dholavira has a wall around the city. The houses and cities of Dholavira were particularly distinct from those of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa. How? Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were found to be of rough brick houses, while Dholavira is a house of cut-to-cut square or rectangular stones with exact plan. To build this city, stones were extracted from the quarries near Dholavira. Of course, looking at the structure of the city, the mouth remains open in amazement.
Developed into a rectangular shape, Dholavira was 771.1 meters from east to west and 616.85 meters wide from north to south. Is a lifestyle dating back thousands of years. Town planning is what today experts used to think is.
The remains of Harappan culture in Gujarat were first found in Rangpur in Limdi taluka. Thereafter, between 1954 and 1958, it was found in Lothal, in the village of Sargwala in Dhola taluka of Ahmedabad district. Evidence of how much Harappan culture developed in Dholavira of Kutch in 1967 was found.
The credit for the discovery of Dholavira goes to J.P. Joshi of the Archaeological Survey of India, but his large-scale excavations were dr. R. K. Bist. The people of Kutch knew Dholavira by the name of Kotda.
The locals call Dholavira as Kotado (Mahadurga). The archaeological site has been named Dholavira due to its proximity to the village of Dholavira. In 1967, archaeologist Jagatpati Joshi visited the site and revealed the information for the first time.
Ten letters were inscribed at the northern entrance of Dholavira. An entry mark with ten letters of time is found. It seems that for some reason this plank may have fallen from above and some of our ancestors may have set it aside. Its ten letters were intact.
The people of this city were very happy and prosperous according to the bones and other things found here. There were both vegetarian and non-vegetarian types. Some were cremated after death. Some also built tombs, Meili and placed them with bones.
Surprisingly, nothing like a place of worship was found in the entire town. Two large round stones were found in the province palace. There may also be support for a large pillar of the palace.
Pearl making factory
A large pearl factory has been found in the town. Copper smelters were found in the remains recovered from here.
Dig 13 times
Archaeological Survey of India has continuously excavated here since 1990. Spread over 250 acres, this area has been excavated about 13 times. In which e. Q 2650 BC to AD. Q 2100 BC and between e. Q Remains of a city that by the time 1450 BCE was inhabited and deserted several times. Every excavation has excited the facts of the surface.
160 million year old fossils
Ten kilometers from Dholavira, two fossils of a tree trunk are 160 million years old, 8 to 10 meters long and half a meter wide Were.
8 major cities of Harappa
Dholavira is counted among the 8 major cities found in the Harappan culture.