World Cancer Day: 50 percent chance of survival in Gujarat

Ahmedabad, 4 February 2024
According to a report by the medical journal The Lancet, the number of cancer cases in the country in the year 2022 was 14,61,427.

4th February is ‘World Cancer Day’. There are 20 thousand cancer patients in Surat and 80 thousand in Gujarat. In which 50 percent die. Every day 192 cancer patients are being registered in Gujarat. Cervical, breast and oral cancer account for 50 percent of the total cancer patients registered in Gujarat. More than two lakh cases were reported in three years. In which 1.11 lakh patients lost their lives.

1.27 lakh Gujaratis defeated cancer in 4 years! From 2019 to 2022, there were 2.82 lakh cancer patients in Gujarat. Out of which 55% i.e. 1.55 lakh patients died. Between 2013 and 2022, 72 lakh cancer patients lost their lives in the country. Cancer has become a silent club.

If you’re not careful, cancer will spread. Give up junk food. Eat green vegetables, vegetables and fruits. Eat fresh, not stale. Release stress. Use of mobile internet increases stress. Quit tobacco and alcohol. Stay away from pollution. If in doubt, get tested immediately. So cancer can be kept away or defeated. Otherwise, 1 in 10 people in Gujarat is getting cancer.

According to the data of the World Health Organization (WHO), in the year 2020, 1 crore 93 lakh new cases of cancer were reported all over the world. In which about 99 lakh patients have also died.

According to Globocan’s 2020 estimate, 2 crore 15 lakh cancer patients will be registered by 2030. There are 70 to 90 cancer patients per 1 lakh population in India. 13.92 lakh cases in India, will increase to 15 lakh in 2030

In the year 2020, out of 13.92 lakh patients in the country, maximum 3.77 lakh cancer cases are due to tobacco consumption.
Every 8 minutes a one-month-old child dies of cervical cancer in India. Every 13 minutes, a woman dies of breast cancer.

There were 1 lakh 62 thousand 500 breast cancer patients. There were 1 lakh 20 thousand patients of mouth cancer. There were 97 thousand patients of cervical cancer. There were 68 thousand patients of lung cancer. There were 57 thousand patients of stomach cancer. There were 57 thousand patients of colorectal cancer.

5.70 lakh new cancer patients appeared among men. There were 92 thousand patients of mouth cancer, 49 thousand of lung cancer, 39 thousand of stomach cancer and 37 thousand of colorectal cancer.

Cancer is more common in women
There were 5.87 lakh cancer patients among women. There were 17 thousand more female patients. 1 lakh 62 thousand 500 women had breast cancer. Of these, there were 97 thousand uterine cancer, 36 thousand ovarian cancer, 28 thousand oral cancer and 20 thousand colorectal cancer patients.

In the year 2020, 69 thousand 660 new patients were registered in Gujarat. Which is estimated to be 79 thousand 217 by the year 2025. According to the report of Ahmedabad Urban Cancer Registry, per one lakh population, 98 new cancer cases are being seen in men and 77 in women.

Of the total cases, 50 percent are patients with oral, breast and cervical cancer.

GCRI is located in the Ahmedabad Civil Medicine campus. About 20,000 new cancer cases are registered in cancer hospitals every year. Out of which 28.84% patients come to Gujarat for treatment from other states. (Rajasthan- 12%, Madhya Pradesh- 11.4%, Maharashtra- 1%). Of the total cases coming to GCRI, 50 per cent of the patients are registered only for oral, breast and cervical cancer.

Of the total cancers reported in Gujarat, 21.5 percent of men have oral cancer, while 31.2 percent of women have breast cancer. The state budget has an annual budget of Rs. 104 crores have been spent. The central government has given funds worth Rs 25.46 crore to Gujarat in the last three years. Which was very less. Which was used only in advertisements.

In Gujarat, 1.86 lakh people have died due to cancer in the last five years. In which 40 thousand 873 people died in 2018.

Cancer can be avoided by improving lifestyle, eating habits and stopping smoking.

Cancer was detected in 5.8 percent of men and 0.6 percent of women due to alcohol consumption.

He ate green vegetables only once a week.

Among housewives, smoke from kitchen stove use increased the risk of cancer by 38 percent. Being overweight or obese increased the risk of cancer by 19.9 percent for men and 22.6 percent for women. Hypertension was more likely to cause cancer in 20.3 percent men and 20.6 percent women. Diabetes increases the risk of cancer by 16.9 percent in men and 15.8 percent in women.

According to a recent report by WHO, in the coming days, one in every 10 people in India will get cancer and one in 15 cancer patients will die. More than 22 lakh people are suffering from cancer in the last 5 years.

When cancer is in the first stage, if the cancer tumor is smaller than 2 centimeters and it has not spread anywhere else, then the disease is considered to be in the first stage. Stage II is when the cancerous tumor is between 2 and 5 centimeters in size and has spread to the lymph nodes. Whereas the third stage occurs when the size of the cancer tumor is more than 5 centimeters and it has spread to more lymph nodes. The fourth stage of cancer occurs when the size of the tumor increases so much that it spreads to other parts of the body.

cervical cancer
In Ahmedabad, out of 1 lakh population, 16.7 women are affected by cervical cancer.
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foul-smelling discharge and pelvic pain
bleeding between periods
Bleeding even after menopause
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persistent back pain
weight loss
fatigue and loss of appetite
swelling in legs
The National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization has also recommended the inclusion of HPV virus vaccine in the universal vaccination program to prevent cervical cancer. He says that this vaccine should be given to adolescent girls aged 9 to 14 years. It is the second leading cancer in women. It is also called cervical cancer. The cause of this cancer is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This cancer is 100% preventable. In 2022, the country’s first HPV vaccine was approved by the drug regulatory system to prevent cervical cancer.
One quart of HPV vaccine costs around Rs. Is 3,000. While the price of non-conjugated HPV vaccine is Rs 7,000 per dose. According to doctors, two doses of the vaccine before the age of 15 years are sufficient. After the age of 15 years, three doses of this vaccine are required. Recently WHO said that one dose of HPV vaccine provides protection against cervical cancer and two and three doses of the vaccine produce more antibodies but one dose provides sufficient protection.

The number of patients is high in Saurashtra. For cancer treatment in Rajkot, most people go to Saurashtra Cancer Care and Research Institute and Rajkot Cancer Hospital. 5000 cancer patients treated in 2022. A higher incidence of oral, lung and esophageal cancer was seen in men and breast and cervical cancer in women.

In Rajkot, 85 percent of oral cancer patients were tobacco users. Most patients approach treatment during the second or third stage. Cancer is a super specialty treatment. The rate of head and neck cancer in Saurashtra is worrying.

Kundaria Cancer Prevention Foundation provides cervical cancer vaccine. So far, about 3000 girls have been given this vaccine. Women aged 9 to 26 years can be given the vaccine to prevent cervical cancer. In which girls of 9 to 14 years of age are given two doses of the vaccine and girls of 15 to 26 years of age are given three doses. This vaccine reduces the chances of cervical cancer by 99 percent.

One in nine people in India is at risk of cancer. This has come to light in the research of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and National Center for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR).
In the year 2022, 14,61427 cases of cancer were reported in India.
In 2021, 14,26447 cases of cancer were reported in India.
13,92,179 new cancer patients were registered in 2020.
There were approximately 11.6 crore cancer patients in India in the year 2018. In the last five years, 784800 people died due to cancer and 22.6 crore people are suffering from cancer. The six most common cases of cancer in India are breast cancer (162,500), oral cancer (120,000), cervical cancer (97,000), lung cancer (68,000), stomach cancer (57,000) and colorectal cancer (57,000).

Cancer is ‘silent’ and is detected in late stages.
GloboCan 2020 presents data on 36 cancer types in 185 countries.

Breast Cancer
After menstruation stops, examine the breast lump with your four fingers. Checking the lump by pressing the armpit. Press the nipple and see if there is any discharge. If there is a case of breast cancer in the family of a girl or woman, in which the mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 35, then in such a situation the daughter’s screening is started six-seven years in advance. , Every woman should get a mammogram after the age of 40. If anything seems suspicious, it should be investigated immediately.

Ovarian cancer
This cancer is found in the last stage i.e. third or fourth stage, hence it is also called ‘silent cancer’. Cancer has no symptoms. Women usually face problems like bloating, loss of appetite, vomiting, gas or inability to pass stools. They face such problems only for a month. But on investigation it could also be ovarian cancer. Eats one roti instead of two, does not digest much and takes home remedies. Ultrasound should be done every year so that if there is a cyst in the ovary, it can be detected and treatment can be started in time.

Apart from this, lip, jaw and colon cancer seen in men is also common in women.

cancer in men

Lip, jaw or mouth cancer
Head and neck surgeon and oncologist Dr. Saurabh Arora says that 90 percent of people who consume tobacco develop lip and jaw cancer.

This cancer can occur in different places inside the mouth like cheeks, tongue, under the tongue, palate. Ulcers or blisters form here and do not get cured even after taking medicine. Bleeding from wounds, change in voice, difficulty in eating due to pain and weight loss. If such symptoms appear and there is no improvement even after three weeks of taking medicine, a doctor should be consulted immediately.

The main cause of this cancer is smoking. However, now pollution is also being considered as the reason. This cancer is seen only in advanced stage i.e. third or fourth stage.

According to doctors, this cancer is detected only after the age of 50 years. In this cancer, there is difficulty in swallowing food and later there is difficulty in drinking anything. Old of acidity People who have problem or complaint of sourness in mouth are more likely to get cancer. digestive problems. According to doctors, people who are obese, consume alcohol and smoke are more likely to develop this cancer.

Gastric cancer
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, begins in the cells found on the lining of the stomach. Its symptoms are similar to esophageal cancer. People who are bleeding due to cancer may vomit blood or have black stools. Alcohol consumption, tobacco consumption and smoking are the reasons for this. Junk food and lack of exercise can also cause this cancer. There is no such screening program to detect colon cancer in India, so the disease can be diagnosed only when the patient shows symptoms.

Smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, eating too much salt i.e. food with preservatives and low consumption of vegetables and fruits are among the reasons for this.