Controversy over world’s largest solar and wind power park in Gujarat

Gandhinagar, 16 May 2023
The world’s largest 30,000 MW solar-wind park is under construction at Khavda in Kutch district, which will be completed in December 2026. 90 thousand crore to 1 lakh crore rupees are being invested. By December-2024, 50 percent electricity will be generated from sewage. 25,000 MW has been allotted to various developers. The 30 km approach road has been completed by the Road Construction Department. Production was to begin as soon as the road work was completed. Lands have been given to Modi’s friend Adani company and elsewhere to Reliance.

Gautam Adani’s company Adani Green Energy Ltd. (AGEL) will set up 10,000 MW power generation capacity. It will have 8,000 MW of solar and 2,000 MW of wind power generation. Adani Group will spend Rs 500 crore for this. 30,000 crore is being invested.

What is controversy?
Also read the shocking report.

Modi’s pressure to give 600 square kilometers of small desert of Kutch to power companies

When the land allotment policy for this park was announced on January 25, 2019, there was no mention of depositing a security deposit of Rs 2 lakh per MW anywhere. On September 14, 2020, the policy was amended and a security deposit rule of Rs 2 lakh per MW was added.

However, what is surprising is that some companies have already paid this deposit before this rule was added. Solar Power Facilitation Company has kept silence on this issue. Gujarat Power Corporation Limited did not respond. Chief Project Officer Raju Mistry declined to comment and asked to speak to the minister on the issue. MD SB Khatia has also refused to give information. Here the solar power companies are eyeing GPSL with a needle of suspicion.

Solar-Wind Hybrid Policy of Gujarat
In December 2020, the state government announced a new policy to remove restrictions on solar power generation capacity to help achieve the target of 30,000 MW of generation by 2022. Spread over an area of about 72,600 hectares or 726 square kilometres, the Kutch desert is touted as the world’s largest hybrid solar-wind power park.

Gujarat Solar/Wind Hybrid RE Park (30 GW)
30 GW Hybrid Renewable Energy Park, Kutch, Gujarat. Released the status of the project as on 15-06-2021 in which a large RE park of 30 GW has been identified at Vighkot BSF post near international border in Kutch district under wasteland policy of the government.

Rupee. 30 GW with a mega-sized investment of Rs 1.5 lakh crore. The government has set aside 726 sq km of land, equivalent to the size of Singapore, and is said to be the largest solar-wind hybrid project.

NTPC announced that the state-owned company has received approval from the government to set up a 4,750 MW renewable energy park at Khavda.

There are two zones in the park. In the first zone, a hybrid park will be built on 49,600 hectares of land. In the second zone, 23,000 hectares of land will generate only wind energy based electricity.

It is being built between Khavda village and Vighakot village near the India-Pakistan border. Hybrid Park is just six kilometers away from the international border. While Wind Park is located at a distance of 1 to 6 km from the international border.

One lakh hectares of land was left fallow in Khavda. Out of which 72,600 hectares of land was approved by the Ministry of Defense for setting up a solar park. Which will work as a boundary on the border.
300 hectares have been reserved for the state government. There is land for 3 pooling sub-stations of 10 GW each. Necessary (1500 m) route has also been made for the transmission line on the side of the road inside the park. For water, companies will set up brackish groundwater desalination plants in their park areas.

72,400 hectares of land was allotted to 6 developer companies for 27,700 MW RE capacity.
Developers are required to develop 50% capacity within 3 years and 100% capacity within 5 years after completion of new approach road i.e. 31.12.2021.

Name of Parks to develop Solar-Wind Hybrid Capacity (MW) in the allotted land (Hect.)
1 Gujarat Industrial Power Company Limited (GIPCL) has given 2375 (MW) 4750 hectares of land.
2 Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited (GSECL) has given 3325 (MW) 6650 hectares of land.
3 National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) has given 4750 (MW) 9500 hectares of land.
4 Adani Green Energy Limited (AGEL) has given 9500 (MW) 19000 hectares of land.
Surjan Realty Limited (SRL) has given 4750 (MW) 9500 hectares of land.
6 Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI) has given 3000 (MW) (wind only) 23000 hectares of land.
Total 27700 MW 72400 hectare land has been given.
How much electricity will the companies generate in the park?

The power evacuation and transmission system has been planned by CEA and CTU (PGCIL). Location study and route survey was done. Tenders were invited. A request has been made to the CTU for connectivity and Long Term Open Access (LTA) to the companies for the actual implementation of the transmission scheme.

Dan has to be submitted and for this it was decided to enter into an agreement with CTU.

Generation power will be provided by the Discom (PGVCL) on application and payment of applicable charges by the developers.

It has been decided to produce 4 lakh 50 thousand MW (450 GW) electricity by 2030 in the country.

green hydrogen
Public sector National Thermal Power Corporation is setting up a 4750 MW renewable energy park at Khavda in the Rann of Kutch. NTPC Energy Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of the company. This plant has been set up by NTPC REL is planning to produce green hydrogen on a commercial scale from this park.

It aims to generate 60 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2032. In 2021, the state-owned power major has an installed capacity of 66 GW with an additional 18 GW in 70 power projects under construction.

Bhupendra Patel’s decision
It has been decided to allot 6,000 hectares of land in Banaskantha district for the development of renewable energy park. The decision was announced after a High Powered Committee (HPC) meeting in state capital Gandhinagar. Government barren land will be allotted. It is situated in the small desert of Kutch region. Gujarat has adopted a strategy under which land can be given for renewable energy projects. Reliance’s project will have a capacity of 9,000 MW. Reliance for Gujarat Rs. 5.955 lakh crore renewable energy scheme was announced.

solar energy production in gujarat
The 730 MW capacity park at Charanka Surya Energy Park in Patan is generating 100 per cent capacity power by 36 companies. Charanka Surya Urja Park received 2514.71 lakh units of electricity in 3 years.

Radhaneda Solar Power Park generates 500 MW of electricity. 1,258.18 million units of electricity has been generated at Radhanesada Park.
A 300 MW solar power park is generating electricity at Dholera. 504.79 lakh units of electricity was received in Dholera Park in 3 years.
These three solar parks generated 4,304.68 million units of electricity in the last two years.

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Kutch’s world’s largest solar power project benefits 90 million trees

country’s solar power park
The Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan’s Bhadla village has a total capacity of 2,245 MW on 5,783 hectares of land.

Pavagadh Solar Park is a 2,050 MW plant on 13,000 acres of land in Tamkuru district of Karnataka.
The 1,000 MW Kurnool Solar Power Plant is located on 2,400 hectares of land in Panam mandal of Andhra Pradesh. Special ponds have been made with rain water, solar panels are cleaned with this water.

The Anantapuram Astra Mega Solar Park in NP Konta, Andhra Pradesh had a capacity of 750 MW as of 2018 on 3,207 hectares of land.

10 largest solar power parks in the world:
1) Bhadla Solar Park, Jodhpur Rajasthan, Area: 5,700 hectares, Capacity: 2,245 MW
2) Golmud Desert Solar Park, Location: Golmud, China, Capacity: 1,800 MW,
3) Pavagadh Solar Park, Tamkuru-Karnataka, 5,260 hectares, 2,050 MW power.
4) Benban Solar Park, Western Egypt (desert), 3,700 hectares, 1,650 MW.
5) Tanger Desert Solar Park, north-central China, 4,300 hectares, 1,547 MW.
6) Noor Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE), 8 square kilometers, 1,177 MW of power.
7) Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, United Arab Emirates, 7,700 hectares, 1,012 MW of power.
8) Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park, Location: Panam Mandal, Andhra Pradesh, 2,400 hectares, 1,000 MW power.
9) Datong Solar Power Project, China, 1,000 MW power.
10) NP Koonta Ultra Power Plant, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, 3,207 ha, 900 MW power.

Gujarat topped the country with 18762.40 MW renewable energy installed capacity as on 6 March 2023. It was 15.3 percent compared to the country. In which the installed capacity of wind energy in the state is 52 percent and that of solar energy is 46 percent.
9712.06 MW under energy project, 8640 MW under solar project, 238.94 MW in wind solar hybrid, 81.55 MW in biomass, 82.15 MW in small hydro and 7.50 MW in waste 3 energy. The total capacity is 18,764.4.

India will achieve an installed capacity of 500 GW through renewable energy by 2030. Gujarat is aiming to achieve 90 GW capacity. For India’s electricity requirement, 50% of the total installed capacity will be met through renewable energy. In which Gujarat will complete this target also by 2030. The project will reduce carbon emissions in the country by 1 billion tonnes. The carbon intensity of the country’s economy will be reduced by 45 percent.

India’s net zero target will be achieved by 2030. Net zero means that if a company emits 100 tonnes of carbon, it will be given priority to plant trees or capture carbon or install renewable energy to prevent adding net zero carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.

Jeddah has been appointed as the nodal agency for approval of Windy Solar Hybrid Project. Developers of wind solar hybrid project are required to apply in JEDA to obtain approval from JETCO to support power generation through this project and to determine the legal possession of the land to be used for the hybrid project. Is allowed.
Such wind solar hybrid plants generate electricity round the clock and by promoting wind solar hybrid development, the power distribution infrastructure can also be utilized optimally and efficiently. Hybrid projects of 238.88 MW KPCT have been commissioned so far under this power policy. In which Morbi has 133.70 MW, Jamnagar 55.50 MW, Amreli 22.50 MW and Rajkot 27.18 MW.

For the first time in the state, after 2005, the Small Hydro Power Policy has been implemented. After that the second policy is effective from the year 2016. Under this small project, 24 projects of 116.06 MW capacity have been registered in the state. Of these, 18 projects with a capacity of 82.15 MW have been commissioned while 6 projects with a capacity of 33.91 MW are under various stages of implementation.