Gandhinagar, 10 April 2021
Aspergillus fungus has become a toxin in groundnut seeds of Gujarat called aflatoxin. When farmers in Saurashtra extract goods from their fields, up to 1 percent of the goods contain poisons. When traders export peanuts, the goods are rejected because they contain toxins. This has adversely affected groundnut seed exporters to Saurashtra. Due to which many generations are closed in Saurashtra.
Negligence of Saurashtra businessmen
Due to the negligence of the traders of Saurashtra, exports are being heavily affected. If the goods are rejected, the firm has to close the business.
Merchants exporting 80% of peanut in Saurashtra have closed down. There were about 2000 thousand traders.
About 4 to 5 lakh tons of peanut grains were exported. Now there is a shortage.
Junagadh Agricultural University
Akbari, head of the Department of Plant Pathology at Junagadh Agricultural University, says farmers should store peanuts only when their moisture content is less than 7 percent. The seeds should be sown only after treatment. More or less rain causes the cell to crack. In which dangerous fungus comes inside. Less than 1 percent of aflatoxins are found in the field.
Moisture content below 7%
Merchants soak peanuts and extract grains from them before exporting them. The moisture content should then be dried to below 7%. If not, it contains aflatoxin.
If the humidity is more than 7%, it takes 1 or 2 months to ship the container. Therefore the goods are rejected. Grain should be sent with only 0 ppm. Valid 0 ppm in Japan, 20 ppm in USA and 30 ppm in India.
Export to Vietnam
Traders say that most of the groundnut seeds of Gujarat are exported to Vietnam. In which goods are rejected without proper care which turns into heavy losses. Keshod has grown so many generations.
Gujarat Research Laboratory
An official spokesperson of the Gujarat Research Laboratory at Shahibag in Ahmedabad says that aflatoxin is formed due to moisture in the seeds. There are many such grains in our samples. Therefore, farmers and traders should take care not to leave any moisture in the peanuts. Peanuts or their seeds should be stored only after they have dried thoroughly.
The toxic fungus can cause damage to the liver. Has carcinogenic, estrogenic, teratogenic and immunosuppressive effects. (Translated from Gujarati)