Farmers of Saurashtra achieve the highest sesame productivity in the country

Gandhinagar, 25 March 2021

Farmers in Gujarat are at the forefront of sesame seeds production per hectare compared to the rest of the country. It has made the entire country proud by doubling the production of sesame than any other state farmers in the country.

According to the latest report, Gujarat has produced 566 kg per hectare in three seasons and 900 kg in summer. While the country averages 298 kg. Rajasthan has 316 kg, Madhya Pradesh 262 kg, Uttar Pradesh 240 kg per hectare. Thus, after groundnut, now farmers in Saurashtra of Gujarat have also got a name in sesame oil. In Gujarat, 90% of sesame and groundnut crops are grown by farmers in Saurashtra area. The recently released 2019 crop report says.

At present, 44000 hectares of sesame seedlings have been planted as on 23 March 2021, compared to 22000 hectares of the previous year. Which is 150 percent more than the normal planting and up to 200 percent over the previous year. Summer planting cannot break all previous records. Because in 2014-15, 53300 hectares were planted in summer. The highest area of ​​that year in Junagadh was 20,400 hectares. Which is a unique record of a district in India.

Summer yield 780 kg

Summer mole in Gujarat has produced an average of 13700 tonnes of sesame in 17600 hectares in the next 3 years. The average yield is 780 kg per hectare. Whereas in the last 3 years, till 2021, sesame cultivation has increased to 31 thousand hectares. Surendranagar district ranks first in the planting and production of sesame seeds. Somnath district is the first in productivity. Where 1271 kg of sesame crop is taken per hectare. 1075 in Morbi, 1009 in Rajkot, 927 kg in Bhavnagar. However, Morbi set a new record by producing 1412 kg of sesame seeds in 2017-18.

Surendranagar has the highest summer sesame cultivation as compared to any other crop. However, the cultivation of sesame in 7 districts is higher than other crops in summer. These include Morbi, Rajkot, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Amreli, Botad.

However, a total of 70778 tonnes of sesame crop has been grown in 123213 hectares in 3 seasons. Average productivity is 575 kg.

23 March 2021 sesame in Gujarat
Total sesame
District land showing
Surat 251300 300
Narmada 113000 0
Bharuch 314900 300
Dang 56500 0
Navsari 106800 0
Valsad 164300 0
Tapi 149100 0
South Gujarat 1663700 700
Ahmedabad 487400 0
enjoy 183800 0
Kheda 283500 100
Panchmahal 176200 100
Dahod 223600 0
Vadodara 304700 0
sagar 122400 0
Chhodaipur 206600 400
Central Gujarat 1988200 600
Banaskantha 691600 0
Paatan 360400 0
Mehsana 348100 100
Sabarkantha 271600 100
Gandhinagar 160200 0
Aravali 202700 100
North Gujarat 2034600 300
Raw 733500 300
Surendranagar 621000 8100
Rajkot 536300 2100
Jamnagar 366200 2200
Porbandar 110900 900
Junagadh 358700 7000
Amreli 538200 8800
Bhavnagar 454700 1300
Morbi 347000 600
Botad 199700 3000
Somnath 217000 2100
Dwarka 229600 700
Saurashtra 3979300 36700
Gujrat cool 9891500 38600


50% of oil is released

45 to 50 percent oil is released from sesame seeds.

India exports 8 lakh tonnes of sesame, making it the third largest exporter in the world. 15% of the world.

Main varieties of Gujarat

Gujarat Sesame no. Matures in 80 to 85 days.

Punjab’s RT – 125 Best of Man

RT 125 – This variety is suitable for heavy soils with height of 90 to 120 cm. It has 3 to 5 branches. The seeds of this variety, which ripen in 75 to 85 days, are white. Production is 9 to 12 quintals per hectare. It is characterized by the fact that entire plants, including leaves, stems and pods, turn yellow in maturity. It contains immunity. The weight of 1000 seeds is about 2.5 to 3.15 grams and the oil content is 48.8 percent.

Why did farming grow

Sesame prices are getting better than other crops. Less rain. Also, stray animals do not eat sesame plants. That is why farmers have turned to sesame cultivation.

Use of sesame and oil

Sesame and its oil are more for food. The oil is also used in alternative medicine and medicine. A powerful food in terms of nutrition. 100 grams per mole protein – 18.3 grams of protein, 43.3 grams of fat, 25 grams of carbohydrates, 1450 mg. Calcium, 570 mg. Phosphorus, 9.3 mg, iron is present. Sesame (163 mg per 100 g) and fatty oil (101 mg / 100 g) are found, which help reduce cholesterol levels and lower high blood pressure in the body. Its B is considered a source of energy because it contains 640 calories per 100 grams. It contains two good phenolic antioxidants mole and sesaminol which keep it safe for a long time. Sesame oil is called the queen of oils, as it has skin-enhancing and beauty-enhancing properties. Mono contains saturated fatty acids that reduce cholesterol from the body. It is also very beneficial for heart related diseases. It contains antioxidants that prevent cancer cells from growing in the body. Apart from this, some ingredients and vitamins are found in sesame which are helpful in reducing stress and depression. Sesame contains many salts such as calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and selenium which help the heart muscle to function actively. Sesame contains dietary protein and amino acids that help in the development of bones. (Translated from Gujarati)