Gandhinagar, 25 March 2021
Farmers in Gujarat are at the forefront of sesame seeds production per hectare compared to the rest of the country. It has made the entire country proud by doubling the production of sesame than any other state farmers in the country.
According to the latest report, Gujarat has produced 566 kg per hectare in three seasons and 900 kg in summer. While the country averages 298 kg. Rajasthan has 316 kg, Madhya Pradesh 262 kg, Uttar Pradesh 240 kg per hectare. Thus, after groundnut, now farmers in Saurashtra of Gujarat have also got a name in sesame oil. In Gujarat, 90% of sesame and groundnut crops are grown by farmers in Saurashtra area. The recently released 2019 crop report says.
At present, 44000 hectares of sesame seedlings have been planted as on 23 March 2021, compared to 22000 hectares of the previous year. Which is 150 percent more than the normal planting and up to 200 percent over the previous year. Summer planting cannot break all previous records. Because in 2014-15, 53300 hectares were planted in summer. The highest area of that year in Junagadh was 20,400 hectares. Which is a unique record of a district in India.
Summer yield 780 kg
Summer mole in Gujarat has produced an average of 13700 tonnes of sesame in 17600 hectares in the next 3 years. The average yield is 780 kg per hectare. Whereas in the last 3 years, till 2021, sesame cultivation has increased to 31 thousand hectares. Surendranagar district ranks first in the planting and production of sesame seeds. Somnath district is the first in productivity. Where 1271 kg of sesame crop is taken per hectare. 1075 in Morbi, 1009 in Rajkot, 927 kg in Bhavnagar. However, Morbi set a new record by producing 1412 kg of sesame seeds in 2017-18.
Surendranagar has the highest summer sesame cultivation as compared to any other crop. However, the cultivation of sesame in 7 districts is higher than other crops in summer. These include Morbi, Rajkot, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Amreli, Botad.
However, a total of 70778 tonnes of sesame crop has been grown in 123213 hectares in 3 seasons. Average productivity is 575 kg.
|23 March 2021 sesame in Gujarat|
50% of oil is released
45 to 50 percent oil is released from sesame seeds.
India exports 8 lakh tonnes of sesame, making it the third largest exporter in the world. 15% of the world.
Main varieties of Gujarat
Gujarat Sesame no. Matures in 80 to 85 days.
Punjab’s RT – 125 Best of Man
RT 125 – This variety is suitable for heavy soils with height of 90 to 120 cm. It has 3 to 5 branches. The seeds of this variety, which ripen in 75 to 85 days, are white. Production is 9 to 12 quintals per hectare. It is characterized by the fact that entire plants, including leaves, stems and pods, turn yellow in maturity. It contains immunity. The weight of 1000 seeds is about 2.5 to 3.15 grams and the oil content is 48.8 percent.
Why did farming grow
Sesame prices are getting better than other crops. Less rain. Also, stray animals do not eat sesame plants. That is why farmers have turned to sesame cultivation.
Use of sesame and oil
Sesame and its oil are more for food. The oil is also used in alternative medicine and medicine. A powerful food in terms of nutrition. 100 grams per mole protein – 18.3 grams of protein, 43.3 grams of fat, 25 grams of carbohydrates, 1450 mg. Calcium, 570 mg. Phosphorus, 9.3 mg, iron is present. Sesame (163 mg per 100 g) and fatty oil (101 mg / 100 g) are found, which help reduce cholesterol levels and lower high blood pressure in the body. Its B is considered a source of energy because it contains 640 calories per 100 grams. It contains two good phenolic antioxidants mole and sesaminol which keep it safe for a long time. Sesame oil is called the queen of oils, as it has skin-enhancing and beauty-enhancing properties. Mono contains saturated fatty acids that reduce cholesterol from the body. It is also very beneficial for heart related diseases. It contains antioxidants that prevent cancer cells from growing in the body. Apart from this, some ingredients and vitamins are found in sesame which are helpful in reducing stress and depression. Sesame contains many salts such as calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and selenium which help the heart muscle to function actively. Sesame contains dietary protein and amino acids that help in the development of bones. (Translated from Gujarati)