More farming in Ghed and Bhal region
Gandhinagar, 12 November 2020
Due to good rains, an increase in Gram pulse will be in Gujarat. This can be said from the planting pattern of the farmers. In Gujarat, Gram are cultivated only in winter. In winter farming, 95 percent of the total pulses are Gram. Junagadh-Porbandar’s Ghed and Ahmedabad Bhal are giving more cultivation and production of Gram. Last year at this time 2300 hectares of gram were planted, but in the first week of November this year, 21000 hectares of gram has been planted. This is due to good rain.
Production and productivity
Gram, 4.05 lakh hectares was planted in 2019-20. Out of which 6.38 lakh tonnes were produced. Production was 1575 kg per hectare. In 2018-19, 1.72 lakh hectares were planted. 1.36 lakh tonnes of Gram were produced. It is estimated that farmers will cultivate 3.25 lakh hectare gram in 2020-21. In Gujarat, each person eats 17-20 kg of gram dal in a year.
India’s average production per hectare was 974 kg in 2016 and 1063 kg in 2017-18. Madhya Pradesh had 1400 kg in 2017-18. Thus, Gujarat farmers are at the forefront in achieving the highest production per hectare in the country. The farmers of Gujarat have taken the highest productivity in the whole of India.
Ahmedabad in planting, Junagadh ahead in production
The farmers of Ahmedabad district are pioneers in gram cultivation. Gram was planted in 37344 hectares in 2018-19. Which is 21.59 percent of the total Ravi cultivation of Gujarat. Region of Nal Kanthan, Viramgam and Bhal. Ahmedabad is ahead because of Bhal. However, due to the dense area of Junagadh, it is at number one in Gujarat by producing 64 thousand tonnes of Gram. Ahmedabad accounts for 28% of Gujarat’s total production.
Gram is the second most grown crop in Ahmedabad after wheat. Dahod is the second in production. Chhola grows 18% of the state of Dahod. Dahod came second with 33188 hectares and 19.19 percent of the total area of Gujarat.
Junagadh farmers ahead of all the farmers in the country
The highest yield per hectare is 2900 kg by the farmers of Junagadh. Which is more than any region in the country. Somnath is at number two. Good gram is grown in Porbandar, Jamnagar and Dwarka. Junagadh grows 2,000 kg gram per hectare as compared to Ahmedabad which increases 860 kg gram.
Sun-winter pulses are grown on 2.31 lakh hectares. A total of 2.84 lakh tonnes of pulses are harvested. Out of which 2.1 million hectare is 2.65 lakh tonne. It accounts for 95 percent of the total winter pulses planting and production.
Share of total production
Gujarat produced a total of 10.61 lakh tonnes of pulses in 8.81 lakh hectares in 2019-20. In Gujarat, gram crop accounts for about 12% of the total pulses. In 2018-19, the production of pulses was 6.81 lakh tonnes in 6.62 lakh hectares, of which gram was 2.35 lakh tonnes in 1.73 lakh hectares. Which accounted for 34 percent. Thus the monsoon was weak. Production of pulses was reduced but winter irrigation led to good production of Gram.
Farmers will suffer from prices
On July 31, 2020, the price of Gram on NCDX was Rs 4,123 per quintal. Then in two months per quintal Rs. Wholesale prices rose by Rs 1,400 to Rs 5,600 per quintal. These prices were until October 1, 2020. On October 16, the price of Gram was Rs 5,165. That is why farmers have grown Gram. The price per 100 kg was 3175 in 2014-15, 3500 in 2015-16, 4000 in 2016-17, 4400 in 2016-17 and 4620 in 2017-18.
However, when more planting was done, traders bought gram at a rate of Rs 3,000-3,200 per quintal from farmers in 2018. In which the farmers benefited about 12 percent. In this case, the cultivation of chickpea proved costly for the farmers. This year too, traders will try to take full advantage of high gram planting prices.
However, only 43 percent of the total area under Chole is irrigated. It literally means that Gram are being grown where there is no irrigation. This situation is a shame for the Gujarat government. 89 percent of the area in Punjab is irrigated. 45 percent of the area is irrigated in Rajasthan and 63 percent in Madhya Pradesh.
Average cost of production to farmers is Rs 32 thousand per hectare.
India accounts for 70% of the total gram production in the world. Chick accounts for 45 per cent of the country’s 17 million tonnes of pulses production. 90% of India’s gram is cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Bihar.
In terms of nutritional value, the average is 11 grams of water per gram, 21.1 grams of protein, 4.5 grams. Fat, 61.5 grams carbohydrate, 149 mg. Calcium, 7.2 mg. Iron, 0.14 mg riboflavin and 2.3 mg. Niacin is found.
What are the best varieties?
India needs 17-20 lakh quintals of certified seeds.
For Gujarat, the gram-4 (GCP-105) variety is recommended for Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra. The variety yields 1,447 kg per hectare. Ready in 110 days. The weight of 100 seeds is about 22.2 grams. Pusa Chana 10216 and Super Engr 1.