Ahmedabad, 12 July 2020
Brinjal plant is the king of vegetables. It is cultivated for about twelve months. But its cultivation is more during monsoon. Its rapid growth in Gujarat means that people like to grow and eat its vegetables. Among green vegetables, it is the cheapest vegetable after tomato. Brinjal is widely grown as a vegetable in Gujarat. The whole world eats brinjal. Used to make dishes rich in food. It is also called the king of vegetables due to its special texture. 700 crore rupees of brinjal are harvested every year by farmers and consumers eat brinjal worth Rs 2,000 crore every year. Meanwhile, traders make a profit of Rs 1,300 crore. Whatever the season, Brinjal is the king of income.
22 kg of brinjal is used per person
In Gujarat, it is cultivated in 70,462 hectares in 2020. In which 14.12 lakh tonnes of brinjal are produced. Brinjal contains 10% of all vegetables. 10 years ago, in 2008–9, 1 million tonnes of brinjals were grown on 62 thousand hectares. Thus there is an increase of about 40 percent in brinjal. People of Gujarat consume an average of 22 kg of brinjal per person per year. 2 kg of brinjal is produced per month. Which is highest in green vegetables.
Brinjal is most commonly grown in Vadodara and Surat
The farmers of central Gujarat grow the highest amount of brinjal, which is about 30 thousand hectares. They grow 6 lakh tonnes of brinjals here. Which supplies Vadodara and Ahmedabad city. Vadodara is a district known for brinjal. Where 1.65 lakh tonnes of brinjal is grown in 8 thousand hectares of fields. Which is the highest in Gujarat. Surat ranks second with 1.15 lakh tonnes of brinjal growing on 5500 hectares of land. Brinjal is cultivated in 9400 hectares in North Gujarat and 14 thousand hectares in Saurashtra. Hot weather is required at the beginning of planting. Once grown, it does not suffer from adverse weather conditions.
Brinjal was the most commonly grown in Junagadh
10 years ago, Junagadh had the highest yield of 1.16 lakh tonnes in 8300 hectares in the entire state. Then came Vadodara. Brinjal is harvested in one to two and a half months and in two to three months. Land twice a week. Brinjal is woven 25 times in monsoon, 20 times in winter and 15 times in summer. The yield is 300–400 quintals per hectare.
In Gujarat, Dolly-5 and Gujarat Hybrid Brinjal-1 are shorter and slightly longer. For the region of South Gujarat, there is a Surti attitude – Gol brinjal. PLR-1 medium small and silt varieties have been recommended by agricultural scientists for the Saurashtra region. Gujarat Long Brinjal – 1 variety of fruits are light pink. The fruits of Gujarat elliptical brinjal-1 are black and shiny, elliptical and very attractive. Bhadu is convenient for making olo as well as vegetables. In monsoon, round eggplant is the best yielding Surti Attitude or Morbi-4-2. Junagadh Long, Gujarat Brinjal-4, Junagadh Attitude, Junagadh Obang, Bhada, Morbi-2, Junagadh Selection, Pusa Purple Long, Pusa Purple Sound, Pusa Purple Cluster, GoB-1, PLR-1, GJB-2-3, GBL – 1, JBGR – 2 and PPL varieties are grown in Gujarat.
Agricultural Scientist Dr. HR Kher, Dr. P.P. Gohil, Dr. A.S. Bhanwariya, Mukesh Chaudhary has good knowledge of brinjal.
Advantages of Brinjal as well as Disadvantages
Eggplant contains all the nutrients. It contains vitamins A, B and C, protein, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, phosphorus. The vitamins present in brinjal make the skin soft and good in color. It causes harm by eating more brinjal. Beneficial in abdominal weight, insomnia, anorexia, appendicitis, hiccups, shortness of breath, paralysis, nausea, sprains, injuries.
Vegetable farming in Gujarat
Vegetable farming in Gujarat was 3.95 lakh hectares and production was 74 lakh metric tons in 2008–9 in 2019–20. Which has increased to 125 lakh tonnes in 6.26 lakh hectare in 10 years.