Benefit of MNREGA, small farmers of Gujarat entered into small machine era due to lack of laborers

Gandhinagar, 15 November 2020

BJP’s modal state Gujarat has reduced 3.50 lakh farmers in 10 years. Farmers are becoming farm laborers. The number of farmers in 2001 was 58 lakh. In 10 years, there are 54.47 lakh farmers. In 2001, 6 lakh farms had land less than half a hectare, which has increased to 12 lakhs in 10 years. When the Prime Minister of the country was the Chief Minister in Gujarat, there has been a 100 percent increase in small land among farmers under his rule. There are 40 lakh farms under 2 hectares. There are 20 lakh farmers who work with 3 bighas of land. With this, an increase of 17 lakh farm laborers. Now the situation under the Rupani government is getting worse.

Arrival of Small machines

Agricultural land is in small. The demand for large agricultural implements does not increase as the farmer does not have more than 1 hectare of land on average. Therefore small machines made locally are increasing. In 12 thousand villages of Gujarat, 20 to 50 machines are working in each village. Which runs from diesel engine.

MNREGA increases wage rate

In May, 2020, in Dahod district, 1.63 lakh laborers were employed. These workers used to work as laborers in Saurashtra fields, but now they do not go. Ashwini Kumar, Secretary to the Chief Minister said that under the MNREGA scheme, 4.70 lakh workers have been employed in the state till May 19, 2020. Employment has been provided in 24 thousand works in 4406 village panchayats in 33 districts. The most work was done in Dahod, Panchmahal, Aravali, Chhota Udepur and Navsari districts.

The effect of this scheme of the government is that the laborers now go to MNREGA instead of working in the fields. They do not leave their homeland. As a result, there is a labor shortage and the daily wage rate has increased from Rs 200 to Rs 400 or Rs 500 per season. This is what the farmers say.

Machine in place of labor

As wages rise, so does the cost of farmland. Therefore, vegetables and grains have become expensive. Now farmers are being cultivated with small domestic machines run by a single laborer. A machine employs 10 to 25 laborers. Such machines make local small businesses. Small machines run on diesel. With the coming of the MNREGA scheme, the demand for small machines has increased among the farmers, as the rates of agricultural labor have increased. Farmers told us.

Gujarat government machine scheme

Today, 5-6 lakh small and medium scale agricultural machines are being purchased in Gujarat every year. In 2010, only Rs 2 crore was provided for agriculture in Gujarat. 285 crores in 2012-13. In 2014, 1.08 lakh agricultural equipment were purchased with subsidies. It cost Rs 400 crore. 2020 mother has doubled. Equipment ranging from Rs  1.25 crore to Rs 2 crore was purchased by making 51 agricultural implements. Which includes 11,000 rotavators.

8 billion devices to be sold

The Rs 5,000–10,000 crore market in Gujarat is for machine driven agricultural equipment.

The market for large agricultural equipment is estimated to reach 769.2 billion by 2022. In Gujarat, equipment worth 8 billion rupees will be purchased by farmers and farming companies. It can buy home appliances worth 2 billion rupees. Explaining the reason behind this, an agriculture department official says that in 2019, 70 thousand tractors were sold in Gujarat. Which can reach 1 lakh in 2020-21 due to good monsoon.

Tractor era is over

As of 2014, mechanization in agriculture was limited to the purchase of tractors or threshers. The tractor market was valued at Rs 2,200 crore. Modern equipment is now being procured for procurement, harvesting and post harvesting operations. It is estimated that till then Rs 4,000 crore was purchased and now up to Rs 5,000 crore is purchased. The government subsidized the purchase of most tractors. In 2010, 60,000 tractors were purchased. 70 thousand tractors were sold in 2019-20.

In 2020-21, 41,650 tractors were purchased in Gujarat till 31 October. In addition, 129 large crop machines have been registered with the RTO. Which is more than the total registration done in the last 4 years. On the other hand, a large number of small-scale machines that are not registered with the RTO are made in the field and used in the fields.

How many devices are purchased

Currently, 4 lakh devices are sold annually. The seed cum fertilizer drill is sold over 7930 years. Cultivator 4211 sells out. Vegetable Transplanter 4532, MB Plav Disc Harrow 28370, Seed Less Refillizer Drill 15930, Rotavator 117503, Paddy Ripper 1248, Potato Platter 16992, Zero Till Seed Cum Drill 7320, Power Thresher 19398, Plant Lever Sources in Agriculture Department 450 in 2019 Sugarcane harvester 510 numbers were purchased. In addition to 15,000 tractors worth Rs 75-82 crore, 6 lakh farmers purchase equipment with assistance. These devices are mostly driven by tractors. Industry believes.

Large appliances

Harvester machines were coming from Punjab for the recovery of wheat. Now 8 to 70 P.T.O. Tractors up to horsepower are bought by farmers. The power tiller has a capacity of 8 brake horsepower and above. Self-propelled rice transplants ranging from 4 to 16 rows are being purchased. Self-propelled reaper cum binder – fruit plucker, tree pruner, fruit harvester, fruit grader, track trolley, nursery media filling machine, multipurpose hydraulic system, pruning; Budding; Good luck; There are electric powered gardening equipment for shearing etc.

Self Homemade machine for use

While small machines are being built in front of it in Rajkot, Jasdan, Ahmedabad, Surat, Mehsana which can be operated by small farmers. It is not registered with the Department of Vehicles. Because it is run only by the farmer on the farm or by the worker. In which 10 hours of diesel consumption is from 5 liters to 10 liters. It is believed that about 2 lakh such devices are sold annually.

Medium machines

Groundnut Pod Stripper Thresher, Multi Crop Thresher, Paddy Thresher, Brass Cutter, Multicrop Thresher, Ridge Farrow Planter, Manual Sprayer, Pavdo Knackpack Sprayer, Multicrop Plant, Seed Drill, Rotavator, Xerotil Multicrop Planter, Pumpset, Tractor Knoll Spare, Planting, Weeding And weeding equipment is procured on a large scale. An Agriculture Department official estimates that there may be 2 lakh farmers who buy such small machines every year. Which is also subsidized by the Government of Gujarat and the Central Government.

Small appliances

Sugar Cutter / Stripper Planter; Reese Bed Planner; Rice Straw Chopper; This way. B plow; Disk plow; Agricultural; hero; Flat blade; Cage wheel; Far opener; Riser; Weed destroyer, ledger ground leveling; Reversible mechanical plow, post hole digging; Potato Sower; Potato digger; Peanut digging; Strip teal drill; Tractor drone reaper, onion harvester, zero till seed less fertilizer drill; seed drill; Multi-crop sower; Zero-teal multi-crop sower; Reese Farrow is a planter. Also sugarcane thresher cutters; Plastic mulch leaching machine, coconut fried chopper; Rack; Baler; Straw Reaper, Turbo Cedar; Pneumatic planter; Pneumatic vegetative transplantation; Pneumatic vegetable cider; Happy cedar; Weed destroyer; Rice Straw Chopper; Power weeder machines are on the rise.

Wheat and Paddy Crop Co-operative Machine

Out of 225 APMCs in Gujarat, the Kosamba Agricultural Produce Market Committee installed the first machine in 2014 for the harvesting of wheat and paddy in Gujarat for the first time. Purchased two harvesting machines for Rs. 33 lakhs and were given on rent to the farmers on the basis of neither profit nor loss. A machine employs 400 bighas to harvest wheat and paddy. A Bigha costs Rs.900. If you do exist then the total cost of 3 thousand was incurred. In the year 2014, 51 sugarcane plants have been purchased by farmers through cooperatives. The government had given a subsidy of Rs 24 crore.

Banaskantha farmer search

In 2019, farmer Asikbhai Gani of Kanodar village in Palanpur taluka developed India’s first hydraulic machine for manuring the field. A machine with a remote controlled trolley manures a bigha ground in 12 minutes. It has cost about 5 lakh rupees to make the machine. This one machine performs 300 labor days a day.

Onion Planting Machine

PS More has created a machine that can be connected to a 22-35 hp tractor with the help of 4 laborers and 1 driver. He sows onions on 2.5 acres a day. Which is equivalent to the work of 100 laborers by hand.

More interest from farmers

Mercedes car loan is 6.5 percent interest. Banks provide loans to farmers for tractors and agricultural implements at 12 to 19 percent interest.

The Rajkot Municipal Corporation has decided to purchase two harvester cum well removal machines in November 2020 at a cost of Rs 1.60 crore.