Gandhinagar, 23 September 2020
Parthenium grass also came from America in the same way as Acacia came from America. Red wheat came to India with PL-480. It is currently spread over 5 million hectares. Also known as Parthenium grass, netting, weeds and petals. Grows to a height of one and a half meters from 90 cm. Lengths up to 1.5 meters in length have been observed. Its leaves are like Partheniums. The plant looks like a Parthenium plant. There are small white flowers. The seeds can germinate even after 8 years. Seed that is very light and winged. Fly through the air and spread around. The wind blows its seed from all sides. At first glance, the Parthenium grass will appear to be placid, small cream flowers, green plants, dancing in the air. A plant contains 10 to 25 thousand seeds. It has the power to grow in any season. Light or temperature does not affect it. Parthenium grass is seen in Ahmedabad city in Gujarat.
The Parthenium is known as Histrophorus. It is currently one of the seven most harmful plants in the world. The chemical eucodar secreted from the roots contaminates the soil. Soil causes pollution. Twenty species are found all over the world. Partheniums infiltrate and destroy local species, damaging the ecology.
Damage from Parthenium grass
The seeds of this poisonous plant arrived in India from Mexico, USA in 1950 with the hybrid wheat PL480. Partheniums were first seen in Poona. Harms the entire environment. Twenty species are found worldwide including the United States, Mexico, West Indies, China, Nepal, Vietnam, and Australia. Parthenium grass is a weed. Farming, like Gandabaval, causes severe damage to the soil. As a result of its invasion, many crops in India have lost up to 4% of their yield. Forest production will be reduced by 90 percent. Parthenium grass is very harmful for cattle, forest, wild animals. It has spread to 40 countries. It is included in the list of 100 worst invasive species of plants in the world.
Damage to agriculture
Endangered species endangered. The outbreak has reduced the production of cereals, jowar, maize, paddy, soybean, peas, sesame, castor, sugarcane, millet, groundnut, fruits, orchards, brinjals, tomatoes, potatoes by 4 percent. Pollen, germination and fruit development of agricultural crops are adversely affected. Chlorophyll deficiency and nitrogen fixing reduce the activity of bacteria. So production is down 4 percent.
65 percent will spread to areas
Now the risk is that the way climate change is happening in Gujarat, it can spread the Parthenium grass up to 65 percent. Many scientists of the country have researched about it and predicted about the critical situation. Seriously, it will spread to 65 percent of India. It has hot spots in the western Himalayas, north-eastern states and parts of peninsular India. He will attack Gujarat but not as much in these parts. Many wild animals are threatened by this. As the temperature rises, the grass will grow twice as fast. It is immediately friendly to the environment. It is found in temperatures of 18 to 45 degrees. The leaves are black and small. The flowers arrive early and live for 6 to 8 months. The flowers are white and small. In which darker seeds are inside.
Do not touch the Partheniums by hand. Chemicals are a major cause of allergy in humans. The skin of the neck, face and hands become hard and torn. Fever comes from Ha. It also affects the nervous system of humans. Makes you a victim of depression. It is a health hazard. Can cause skin problems and allergies in people, plants are toxic to animals. Makes the human body sick. People or animals that are constantly exposed to grass can have skin rashes, eye diseases, itching and skin rash. The skin becomes rough. Total dust is inhaled and therefore helps in the spread of lung diseases such as allergies and asthma.
The problem and impact of its rapid growth have been revealed in cities like Ahmedabad, Delhi, Poona, Madras, Chandigarh and Bangalore. The Agriculture Department of Gujarat will have to come up with a long-term strategy to prevent and control its spread. Seminars are to be held in every village. To run a grass removal campaign, you must provide a weekly schedule. The government will have to work to save 12 mountains and 24 reserved forests and sanctuaries in Gujarat. Similarly, it has launched a campaign against this grass to save the Himalayas.
Poison in animal milk
The animal does not eat this grass due to its smell. Eating food makes you sick. It causes vomiting. Parthenium Grass – Parthenium has started grazing on grasslands in place of animal feed. It spreads quickly and does not allow normal grass to grow. So the bait is gone. There is no grass left to graze the animal. Animal feed has reduced. The animal does not eat this grass, but if it eats, its direct effect is seen in the animal’s milk. The effect of poisoning of Parthenium grass is added to milk. The milk becomes bitter and subdued. Excess intake can also kill animals.
Gauchar of Gujarat will end
There are 3 crore cattle in Gujarat. The roots Partheniums do not allow grass or agricultural plants to grow due to the presence of toxins in humans. Grows monstrously. Early removal of soil elements reduces fertility. Tightens the ground tightly. Pastures are destroyed. In many places it has completely covered the pasture and has taken possession of the plains. The mafia has put pressure on 50 million square meters of Gaurach land in Gujarat. Rajkot district Lala has the highest pressure on Gauchar in 1.75 crore square meters. In Gujarat, the government disappears 50 villages every year. Gauchar was in 8.50 lakh hectares when the BJP government came. In 2014, Gauchar owned 7.50 lakh hectares. 700 villages did not have Gauchar. Gauchar no longer has 2754 villages under his reign. The BJP government has given 4 lakh square meters of land to industries. After the BJP eliminated Gauchar, now under his rule, Parthenium grass is eradicating Gauchar. Yet the anti-cow BJP government is doing nothing to eradicate Parthenium grass.
Weeds should be removed from the field. The Gujarat government will have to sprinkle open fields, fallow land, grazing, railways and roadside. Even before that it blooms like a Parthenium. The leaf-eating Mexican beetle eats it. Glyphosate (1.0 to 1.5 percent) to destroy Partheniums (0.3 to 0.5 percent) or 2,4-D (1%) Partheniums as well as other weeds and Partheniums. Parthenium weed is also reduced by 93 percent in a plant called Cassia seresia. Controls effectively. In non-agricultural areas, herbicide atrazine is sprayed to control Parthenium wounds.
If the farmers have mixed the dung-soil seeds with dung-soil before fall monsoon in fallow land, fallow land or fallow land, all will sprout when it rains. Which makes Partheniums grow faster than grass. It does not let Parthenium weeds grow. Kuvadiya moves on his own. Partheniums bring the grass under control.
Compost from Parthenium grass
Dig a hole 3 feet deep and uproot the Parthenium before the grass flowers. The best compost is prepared in 6 months by mixing soil, urine, cow dung, urea, phosphate, trichoderma on top. Partheniums that contain toxins in grass roots rot. So it does not have a bad effect. Parthenium grass manure contains more nutrients than other organic fertilizers. It contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potash, calcium, manganese. Partheniums give good returns by removing bumps. If Parthenium seed comes, it will grow again in the area. Many types of paper can be made from its pulp. Useful for producing biogas.
Partheniums can be used as disinfectants, disinfectants, weeds.