Due to good monsoon of 2020 in Kutch, good grass has grown in Banni-West of Bhuj taluka. The grass has turned out well in 10 percent area of Bunny Grasslands. In the remaining 90 percent area, the grass is over in 50 years. After long years, the desert area is covered with greenery. After 2015, 2019, it has grown well as bunny grass in 2020. Have grown more than two feet high. The Gujarat government planned to extract Acacia in 20 thousand hectares.
Banni has played an important role in his grass-roots rural economy. Crazy Acacia is attacking the grass. The state government has re-planned to create space for bunny grass by removing ‘Pagal Bawal’ (Prosopis juliflora) from about 20,000 hectares of land. Covering an area of 2,497 sq km – 2.50 lakh hectares, it is considered the largest pasture in Asia.
The grass is going extinct due to all the salinity, cutting of illegal trees, Prosopis Juliflora forest. Now Asia’s largest grassland has to be brought grass from outside. Gave the land of Gauchar lsnd of Kutch to Adani. Until Narendra Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat, he did not do anything to save the grass of the bunny of Kutch. As much has done for Adani, this cow would have gained more if it had been done in the grassy ground of buffalo, cow.
Bunny is a means of livelihood for the people of 48 villages, a 2009 study by the Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology found that the grasslands of Bunni declined. In 1989, it was 1,42,882 hectares. In 2009 it was only 63,073 hectares. In 2020 is estimated to be no more than 25 thousand hectares. Based on the findings of a study conducted by the Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (Guide) and the Gujarat Ecology Commission in Banni, the government will again grow grass in Banni.
If this project is successful, 200 lakh kg of fodder can be easily provided to the lone bunny throughout Kutch. Now only 2 lakh kg of grass is loaded in the godowns. 50 years ago, 6 feet high grass was made. Now the plains are desolate. 24 species of grass grew at one time. The area of Banni is considered from Hajipir to Lakhara Velara and Khavda Kakkar from Lyudia to Chand Taram of Loria.
Encroachment of Prosopis Juliflora may be reduced. However, the Prosopis Juliflora cannot be eliminated, but needs to be brought under control. It does not regenerate until acid or crude oil is added to its roots and does not come out of the furrow. Cutting it increases the spread.
There are more animals than humans. Bunny buffalo have gained national recognition. 1 lakh cattles are fed here. Now Banni’s cattle have to be taken to Gir, Bharuch, Surat, Wankaner for fodder.
10 crore trees
According to the tree census in Gujarat in 2004, Mad Babool had a population of 4.13 crore. Given its speed, it could exceed 10 crore trees in 2020. Neem was 1.15 crore in state. Near Kutch is spread over 50 percent of the Prosopis Juliflora at Jessore-Balaram Sanctuary. About 50 species of plants went extinct. On the coast of Saurashtra, where teak, dates and coconut were in Una and Dhari, there are now mad cubs.
The bunny who made the area fertile by the silt of the rivers. The vast alluvial plains have become very famous for grasses due to silt covered by rivers. Bunny grassland department is the landowner. As of 1969, there are 195566 hectares of grass land in 48 villages. Banni has 53430 hectares of desert in 2005-06. Thus, a total of 248997 hectares of land is Banni.
Banni has been declared a protected forest since 11 January 1955. Earlier there was cultivation here. Red rice was cooking while the Indus River was here. There was an earthquake in 1819. Due to the natural closure of Allah in the 1856 earthquake, the Indus flows towards Karachi in present-day Pakistan. There was a demand for red rice and Sindhi rice.
700 years ago, the Bannis who had Sufi influence from Singh speak Sindhi mixed Kutchi dialect. The religion of Islam consists of Jat, Mutwa, Halepotra, Raisipotra, Hingorja, Bambha, Sumra, Nod, Korar, Theba, Vadha, Shaikh and Syed. Hinduism is inhabited by communities like Meghwal and Wadha.
Prosopis Juliflora came in 1971
The British had decided to plant Prosopis juliflora, a native of Central America and the Caribbean islands in Kutch and Saurashtra. The kings of Kutch and Morbi did not allow planting, saying that the plant was not suitable for Kutch and Saurashtra.
The tree was legally planted in India in 1960. Which was also accepted by the Gujarat government. In 1971, the government sprayed Prosopis Juliflora seeds by helicopter in the Greater Desert and Banni area of Kutch to prevent the desert region from moving forward. Since then, this tree has made its way into the botanical world of Kutch. Which is called the kicker and the foreign Khejra.
The roots of this tree have grown to 54 meters deep in the US state of Arizona. If you cut a branch of a tree, it will grow to ten feet. Nothing grows around this tree. That’s why the empire keeps growing.
Effect on acacia soil
Prosopis Juliflora Draws water for twelve months. Reduces moisture from soil. The flowing water is obstructed, slowing down the process of migration of soil organic matter. The ground hardens.
Tree – Grass
Covering open ground for livestock grazing has reduced naturally growing grass. Nuts of acacia leaves contain alkaloids, which have toxic effects on the surrounding plants. The amount of natural honey was special. With the decline of flowering trees, the income of honey is also decreasing. Natural vines do not grow.
Kutch is a Prosopis Juliflora in Saurashtra, North Gujarat. He does more harm than good. Biological resources, water flow and damage to native vegetation of Kutch have been chewed up. A series of droughts from the 1960s to the 1970s resulted in the destruction of native trees.
Farming occurs due to an order from the National Green Tribunal not to engage in non-forest activity. The Maharaja of Kutch reserved the region by banning farming. Bunny soil is salty below a few feet. Salinity gets washed away by rainwater. And how much grass is done. About 75 to 80 bullocks per hectare are found in the protected forest area. Millions of oxen are being destroyed. There is pressure of cultivation in 18 thousand hectares.
In 1980, biting Prosopis Juliflora was banned. By 2004, it had grown so much that only 10 percent of bunnies were left to graze. The ban on deforestation was lifted from 2004 onwards.
Animal birds disappear
There are no living creatures on the grass. Foxes, shepherds, wolves, eagles, eagles, owls, geese, dogs have reduced. Drought, heavy rain, mad oak, increasing salinity in the soil have reduced the grass and reduced the number of animals.
In Banni, deer, red deer, tharjav, bhagad, gurnar, hantoro, jarakh and snake species such as pottery, scree species are extinct.
Birds like kunj, tilol, kalam, chamcha, swan were in large numbers in the cloudy mist. Birds like Chamcha, Shed, Girj (vulture), Samadi, Stork, Toor, Gorad are also disappearing.
Acacia pod is useful for embryonic animals, but also damages their seeds. Eating fruits and leaves like guar gum has caused cancer in cows. B and line balls are formed in the stomach. So Bunni has lost half her cow.
Since 2006, there was a plan to house a leopard or tiger here.
To remove the Prosopis Juliflora, the government allowed coal to be made from it. The ban on deforestation has been lifted since 2004. Coal-making gangs have sprung up from Prosopis Juliflora. Those who have connections with BJP leaders.
The plains around Kutch were now cleaned of illegal acacia coal and sold for crores of rupees. On January 10, 2020, a circular was issued to sell 4,000 tonnes of coal in Kutch. Illegal coal trade is carried out in Nalia, Nakhtrana, Chari, Phule, Bieber, Ninora, Khawara, Wang, Lodai, Banni small and large Vernora, Paiya of Banni region. Coal is not produced on land approved by the forest department. Made on government land. Coal is also stolen from Gauchar’s land as well as from the dam area.
The price of coal is Rs 20 per kg. The cost of 4,000 tons of coal is 8 crores. A bloody battle took place 20 years ago between two BJP factions in the illegal Bavaliya coal empire in Banni.