(Dilip Patel) Ahmedabad
Family farming is being celebrated worldwide for the next 10 years, but the Gujarat government is ending family farming. The Gujarat government has enacted several laws, including family farming. A large section of the family farmers were Patidars. About 50 percent of them left farming. The other 30 per cent are employed and also do farming. While 20 percent cultivate completely with family farming.
Thus, after 1995, when the BJP governments came in, family farming is ending. In 20 years after the government of Keshubhai Patel, in the Modi era, the traditional family farming in Gujarat has been abandoned. The farming that is done now is mostly done by backward classes and uneducated people. Now agriculture is ending more rapidly with about 10 laws made by the Rupani and Modi government. Rupani’s new law allows anyone to buy a farm. Therefore, the fields are now going into the hands of the rich people. Once again the feudal royal BJP government has brought it.
UN but not UN farmer
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) on 29 May 2019 to promote family farming and help small farmers in developing countries around the world. Started farming decade ‘. The decade of 10-year family farming is being celebrated from 2019 to 2028, two global organizations associated with the United Nations.
More than 90 percent of the world’s farmers engage in family farming. They account for 80 per cent of global production. The United Nations believes that these farmers and family farming can be the engines of development. Which will be important to end hunger and malnutrition.
If the whole family is engaged in farming, it is called family farming. It is cultivated on only one family. A large part of the produce is consumed by family members. Surplus produce is sold in the local market in exchange for other goods. These farms cultivate local produce. In 10 years, the whole world will try to bring back those who have left the traditional business of farming.
Gujarat needs the most. But the Rupani government of BJP is taking steps against the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
90% खेती परिवारों द्वारा की जाती है जिससे विश्व के 80% खाने का उत्पादन भी होता है.
👩🏽🌾👨🏽🌾 पारिवारिक खेती का विकास वैश्विक लक्ष्य प्राप्त करने के लिए बहुत ज़रूरी है
इसीलिए 2019-2028 को पारिवारिक खेती का संयुक्त राष्ट्र दशक घोषित किया गया है pic.twitter.com/uKZ8VmSYVd
— UNHindi (@UNinHindi) January 3, 2019
According to the estimated agricultural census of the Gujarat government, out of 53.19 lakh farmers, 20.17 lakh are marginal and 16.15 lakh are small farmers, who have barely half a hectare of land. In 1998, there were one crore farmers. Farmers get an average income of Rs 7926 per year. 42.6 percent farmers have a debt of Rs 16.74 lakh per family.
13 lakh farmers fell in 10 years
In Gujarat, 3.55 lakh genuine farmers have come down in 10 years. Against this, there has been an increase of 16.78 lakhs in farm labor. Farmers are becoming farm laborers. When Modi became the Chief Minister, the number of farmers in 2001 was 58 lakhs. 54.47 lakhs in 10 years. Thus, Modi’s 10 years alone saw a drop of 3.55 lakh. If it is considered a part of it, then farmers should have 21 lakh more in 10 years. Thus the actual shortfall is 13 lakh farmers.
Half a hectare of land is growing. In 2001, 6 lakh farms were less than half a hectare. Which increased to 9.31 lakhs after 10 years. Today it is estimated to be 1.2 million. Thus, in the 20 years of Modi Raj in Gujarat, there has been a big increase in the number of small farms. If farmer families only want to live on the farm, then they need at least 10 bighas – 2 hectares of land. There are 55 lakh farmers in Gujarat. There are 20 lakh farmers who work with 3 bighas of land.
Why farmers are abandoning farming is not a matter of concern for the Gujarat government. Farmers have not been given their rights for decades. At the time of independence, agriculture’s contribution to the total GDP in Gujarat was now 10-13%. Thus agriculture in Gujarat is on the verge of collapse. Governments do not pay enough attention. There is no 60 percent irrigation facility. There is no facility that can store grain. Governments only make promises. Eighty percent of the assistance is taken by the relatives of the BJP.
Machine – Natural
Heavy machines cannot reach farms. Farm produce cannot reach the market at the right time. Do not get enough price. It is also not considered a natural loss. The biggest problems of farmers are natural disasters. There is also an epidemic. Since 1995, 2,96,438 farmers have committed suicide in India.
It is estimated that by 2050 the world population will increase from the current 7.7 billion to 9.8 billion. Cereal production may fall by 40 percent by 2050, while a 45 percent drop in global GDP is possible. So the current market for hydroponics in the world is 1.5 billion due to land scarcity, will increase more than 4 times by 2023.
Due to family division, poverty, economic condition, the land is being divided into small pieces. As land degrades, farmers abandon farming. Turns to labor. To sell their crops in the market, farmers have to pay a major part of their income to the brokers.
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The Land Ceiling Act was enacted in 1960 in Gujarat. In which the landlord who has a fixed limit of cultivable land. There was more than that, their land was occupied by the government. This land is being given to industries since 2015. Hereditary means the person who owns the inherited land or the person who becomes the owner of the land sold without any calculation is the owner according to the ‘old condition’.
To sell land, a person had to be a farmer himself. But now Rupani has brought a new law, in which even a non-farmer can buy land. The company is purchasing. Small farmers will destroy. They will now sell their land quickly.
American farmers and Gujarat
In the US, 64 percent of the price farmers get from the consumer. Whereas in Gujarat only 10 to 23 percent of the farmers get what the consumer spends. For example, if people buy tomatoes at Rs 100 per kg, the farmer can hardly get them from Rs 10 to Rs 23. If people buy these tomatoes in the US, then farmers get 64 out of that. Get. This means that higher profits of farmers are consumed by middlemen and traders.
Agriculture is no longer the major source of employment in Gujarat. The future is not secure due to price changes. Therefore, the contribution of agriculture sector in GDP is decreasing from year to year. Cereal production on farms is declining.
Farmers are few in Japan, yet farming there. Polymer uses drones. 22 types of drones are being developed. In the last decade, the number of people engaged in agricultural production in Japan has fallen from 2.2 million to 1.7 million. Of these, the average age of most workers is 67 years.