Gandhinagar, 6 September 2020
Instead of using pesticides, chemicals and chemical fertilizers, the Agriculture Department of Gujarat is now focusing more on natural agriculture. Therefore, research is being done on it. Scientists from Navsari Agricultural University conducted experiments for organic farming in South Gujarat, where Tuvar is produced the most. Prepared the final scientific recommendations for natural farming in 2019.
Organic farming in high rainfall areas in South Gujarat can lead to high production of tur and high net profit. The recommendations are based on data collected through field experiments.
It is recommended to apply 25 kg of vermicompost or 100% nitrogen per hectare of Nadep compost. Developed a method of grooming for Tuvar. In which Tuvar should keep a distance of 60 cm. Keep a distance of 20 cm between the two plants. Keep a distance of 120 cm between the pairs. At the time of sowing, apply 1.6 tons of vermicompost or 3 tons of nadep compost or 5.6 tons of manure per hectare and one month after sowing. Give in two installments.
Trichoderma and Pseudomonas
Trichoderma and Pseudomonas 2 kg or liter per hectare at the time of sowing. The method of giving Trichoderma powder for soil treatment is 10 kg. 500 grams of talc-based trichoderma is given in 1 acre of compost. Then irrigate the soil. 2 to 5 kg of talc based Trichoderma powder mixed with 200 to 500 kg of cow dung manure and control soil mold diseases during sowing.
Pseudomonas fluorescence has been shown to be effective as a bacterial-based biological fungicide or bactericidal. Found in totals of 0.5 percent WP, 1 percent WP, 1.5 percent WP, and 1.75 percent WP. Do not use disinfectant after using it. One kilogram of Pseudomonas can be mixed with 100 kilograms of dung. Tuvar seeds can be kept in soil for 5 days before sowing. Then it becomes useless.
At the time of sowing, spray 10 ml Rhizobium bacteria per kg of seed as bio fertilizer for micro organisms. Spreading the seed stimulates the seed so that the organism stays with the root of the tuvar and receives food and begins its life cycle. Nitrogen in the air is fertilized by biochemical processes. These coexist with pathogenic beans.
The crop of marigold should be grown around the field. The female caterpillar of Helicoverpa green caterpillar lays eggs in the yellow Golgotha-marigold. The whole farm stops going. When necessary, spray biological medicine.
12 pheromone traps to control Helicoverpa. In pheromone trap nature, female insects release certain types of sexual hormones from their bodies into the air. Pheromone trap has the same odor as the natural smell emanating from the female insect’s body. Male pests arrive for mating due to the odor towards the pheromone trap. After wandering around, he gets tired and falls into the trap. There are different species of insects. Pheromone traps are for Green Caterpillar, Cabrio Caterpillar, Pink Caterpillar, Leaf-Eating Caterpillar, Gabara Caterpillar, Diamond, Fruit-Eating Caterpillar. Polythene sleeve nets are very prevalent among farmers. Keep 2-3 nets per acre per 50 meters. Helicoverpa caterpillars do harm.
Neem oil – cow urine
Sprinkle 4% neem seeds extract, 0.20% lemon oil, 2% urine in a flowering stage at intervals of 15 days. T-shaped rods to accommodate 50 birds per hectare.
165 per cent profit
If you do this then organic farming will be successful. Tuvar (Vaishali) production is 17.2 quintal per hectare. Out of which, Gochar gets 50 quintals per hectare. Natural farming costs Rs 44,000 per hectare. While its sales in 2019 were 1.16 lakh rupees. 165 percent profits.
32 percent more production than current production
According to the Gujarat Agriculture Department’s 2020-21 report, the average area of tur in the last 3 years was 2.47 lakh hectares. In 2020, 2.25 lakh hectares have been planted. The highest area under cultivation in South Gujarat is 1.33 lakh hectares. In which 80 thousand hectares are cultivated in Bharuch. It is the highest in entire Gujarat. In 2020-21, 2.65 lakh tonnes of tur crop will be on 2.27 lakh hectares. The average yield per hectare will be 1167.55 kg.
According to calculations by agricultural scientists, its production from organic farming has reached 1720 kg. Thus, 553 kg more production has been achieved. Thus, agricultural scientists got 32 percent more production. This is a big deal. If the Vaishali Tuvar variety is cultivated all over Gujarat, the production of Tuvar can be increased to 2.65 lakh tonnes and an additional 90,000 tonnes can be obtained directly. One hectare sells to the farmer for Rs 1.60 lakh. In which such benefit can be achieved by increasing the production of 53 thousand rupees directly in one hectare.