Farmers uprooting vineyards in Gujarat do not ripen grapes
Farmers in several districts of Maharashtra are destroying vineyards due to market and weather conditions while supplying grapes to Gujarat.
The people of Gujarat consume 4 to 5 kg of green and dry grapes per person per year. It is estimated that 2 to 3 lakh kg of grapes worth Rs 2,000 crore came from Maharashtra. Grape season is about to end. Grapes are not found anywhere in the market of Gujarat.
agriculture in gujarat
Gujarat produces 83 lakh tonnes of fruits in 4.33 lakh hectares. In Gujarat, grapes are grown in hardly more than 500 hectares. Green grapes are imported from Maharashtra. Maharashtra grows 80% of the country’s grapes. About 70% of the country’s grapes are grown in Nashik. Which the people of Gujarat eat more. Grapes are not shown in the Horticulture Department declaring the area under fruit cultivation. which are shown in other gardens. Other orchards are barely 6 thousand hectares.
In 20 years, orchards in Gujarat have grown from 2.16 lakh hectares to 4.33 lakh hectares. Production has tripled from 30.63 lakh tonnes to 92.51 lakh tonnes in 10 years. But the farmers are not ready to cultivate grapes.
By planting eight acres of grapes in Rampar (Roha) village, a small village in Nakhtarana taluka, Patidar Ishwarbhai Sankhla has been producing 25-30 tonnes per year for 4 years. Such farmers are counted. Varieties like Tas-e-Ganesh, Pusa Seedlash, Delight, Anabe-Shahi, Thompson Seedlash, Sharad Seedlash, Sonaka are recommended for Gujarat.
Shantilal Patel of Vadod village of Wadhawan taluka of Surendranagar district has earned an income of Rs.
The cultivation of grapes was profitable. not anymore. Maharashtra is the largest producer of grapes. The country grows grapes in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and UP.
Onion instead of Grapes
In weakness destroys the vineyard. Not getting good prices in the market for three years. The weather is also very disturbing. Market conditions are bad. Exporters do not offer good prices.
plow in the garden
Many farmers from Pune, Sangli, Nashik, Godinya, Goregaon talukas have cleared their orchards. He has now started cultivating onions and vegetables.
No market in 2022. Most of the goods could not be sold due to the earlier lockdown. Billions of rupees have been lost due to this decision of the government.
Farmers are worried about both the weather and the market. The price of grapes in the domestic market is Rs. Sold at 40-50. Big traders don’t pick up the goods. Wages are increasing. The prices of pesticides etc. have gone up.
Heavy rains in October 2019 caused heavy damage to the Agouti grape belt in Nashik.
Rain, storm rose, tout wreaked havoc again in October with unseasonal rain.
According to the report of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, an average of 32.30 lakh tonnes of grapes are cultivated in 1.50 lakh hectares in the country.
The export of grapes is also about 9 times more than that of mango. However, barely 3 per cent is exported. If the central government exports 30 per cent, then good prices are likely to remain. 2 thousand containers are required, only 600-800 containers are available.
India is the largest exporter of fresh grapes in the world. Grapes account for the largest share of the fruits exported from the country.
The total export of fresh grapes was US$ 314 million (Rs 2,298.47 crore) during the year 2020-21. The country has exported 2,46,107.38 MT of grapes to the world during the year 2020-21, valued at Rs. 2,298.47 crore / USD 313.57 million.
Rates were good 4 years ago. So the farmers planted saplings on a large scale.
tax and interest
Farmers have to borrow up to 12 per cent interest. Grapes-related products attract up to 18 per cent GST. The cost of the crop has tripled. But profits have not increased 3 times. damage is being done.
No farmer can sell his goods himself. Traders and companies have to deliver goods. Farmers do not fix the price. Traders and companies fixed the price of the farmers’ grapes. Since it has become a cartel, it sells goods cheaply. The farmers also formed the organization but the companies are not ready to take the goods at that price.
Farmers are leaving the fields due to continuous losses.
Rising prices of diesel, fertilizers and pesticides have reduced the profits of farmers.
The cost per hectare is about seven lakhs. The weather has changed a lot. Farmers’ crops are getting ruined.
Grapes are very sensitive crops. These diseases are weather dependent. Winter, summer, rain and hailstorm affect its quality and production.
Viticulture is profitable, but the quality of its exports is of great concern. Fungicides protect against disease but spoil the quality.
If it rains more, the grapes will sprout. The grape crop has been ruined. Over 50 years of rainfall data says that it used to be in Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland etc. of Northeast India. Maharashtra has received the highest rainfall in the last 10-15 years.
It is difficult to predict rainfall as compared to rain but not impossible. The Meteorological Department sends a special 6-hour forecast. Crop cover can be applied. Rain is not under control. meteorological department rain
failed to predict. In such a situation, farmers suffer a loss of billions of rupees. Maharashtra has also received maximum hail in the last decade.
Grapes are also very sensitive to winter. If snow falls in one night, the whole crop can be ruined. If the minimum temperature drops below 4.4°C in one or two nights
covers the vineyard
Crop cover is a tool to protect against the effects of climate change. It costs around 2.5 lakh per acre but it lasts for many years.
The damage can be reduced by making grapes into raisins.
ICAR- National Grapes Research Centre, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, National Grapes Research Institute, Pune.