In Gujarat, the Corona breaks down the unique Bhaliya wheat market system

The Corona monster ate the price of rich wheat

Gandhinagar, 15 May 2021
Naturally grown organic wheat in areas around Ahmedabad grows only in an area of ​​25,000 hectares. Because of this year Corona, Bhalia brand, the major wheat variety of Gujarat, is under threat. Prices of wheat have fallen due to the closure of the farm market.
The price of 20 kg is currently 280 to 300. The prices are usually 500 to 700. The corona was priced at 670 on the first Holi.
Since Bhalia wheat costs 3 times more than other wheat, it is mostly known as the wheat of the rich. Wheat Bhalia of rich people is wheat, their price has also come down. There are also no buyers. The prices of bhalia wheat and irrigated wheat have become similar.

What do the MLAs say?
Build a separate market for unirrigated wheat in a city like Ahmedabad, says Rajesh Gohil, MLA from Dhandhuka Congress. The support price for unirrigated wheat should be differentiated. Currently, the price is barely Rs 300 per 20 kg. The government will have to create a new market. Now traders buy wheat from farmers at low prices.
The government has announced a support price of Rs 1,975 per 100 kg of wheat. The support price of wheat of Bhalia should be 4 times. Because 5 to 7 mana of wheat is harvested in one seed. Therefore farmers cannot sell it at a low price. At present, farmers get Rs 5,000 per bid.
Special market arrangement
Bhalia is a special kind of market for buying and selling wheat. There is a different kind of trading. No farmer ever goes to sell Bhalia wheat at APMC. Traders from Ahmedabad visit 90 villages to buy wheat. Farmers give directly to their customers. Farmers used to carry tractors in Ahmedabad 5 years ago and used to sell bhalia wheat from house to house. But now it has been discontinued. Farmers used to go to Ahmedabad city and sell house to house which has been closed for the last 5 years.
The Farm Produce Market Committee is a business where no farmer goes to sell Bhalia wheat. Most farmers sell their produce directly. Thus farmers should actually get 3.50 times the value of other wheat.
Wheat cultivation in Bhal region
Bhalia wheat is grown on 20200 hectares. The yield is 756 kg per hectare. While the yield of other wheat varies from 2800 to 3 thousand kg per hectare. Where wheat is sown from the end of September to the first week of November. The crop is ready from March to April.
Daudkhani is also called wheat
Bhalia wheat, which the people of Ahmedabad know as Daudkhani wheat. The seeds are long, beautiful and tender. Geographical Identity (GITag) is given in 2011. Gujarat is known as Wheat-1. The Bhal region is located on the Saurashtra coast of the Gulf of Khambhat.
Bhal area
5 thousand years old, the world’s first port Lothal is in Bhal. Here the Indus and Saraswati rivers flowed. The silt is made by dumping the area. The Bhal area is spread over 2 lakh hectares. 94 villages in Ahmedabad, Bhavnagar, Anand, Surendranagar, Kheda districts make up the Bhal region. Bhali wheat is grown in large quantities at Dhandhuka, Bavla, Dholka in Ahmedabad district. Only in Kheda and Anand’s Tarapur and Khambhat. Unirrigated wheat is grown in Bhavnagar, Vallabhipur region.
Wheat yield from soil moisture
Due to the flood of monsoon water on the ground, the moisture remains inside. Bhil wheat is made on the basis of moisture. Whose hard grains are full of protein. So get a higher price. Amino acids are rich in gluten. Carotene levels are high. Water absorbs less.
Use of wheat wheat
Dum or macaroni is known as wheat. Used to make semolina, pasta, namkeen, cake, bakery, bread, bakery, biscuits.
In 2021, all types of wheat are expected to produce 48 lakh tonnes in 13.66 lakh hectares.
District hectare productivity
Ahmedabad 136473 308031 2257
Bhavnagar 10572 33989 3215
Anand 5826 181291 3072
Botad 7419 19840 2674
Gujarat 1366200 —– 2804
Fertilizer consumption
Now urea, nitrogen, phosphorus, zinc sulfate, pesticides and irrigated seeds have been found for non-irrigated durum (bhalia) of bhal wheat and recommended by a scientist from Anand Agricultural University Dhandhuka Agricultural Research Center.
In Gujarat, 3 kg per capita and 15.88 million kg of chemical fertilizer is used in wheat. But use of such fertilizers is less in Bhalia. In Gujarat, 16 million kg of chemical is used in 250 million kg of wheat. 15 grams of chemical is used to make one kilo of wheat. Which is rarely used in Bhalia.
Rupani policy
The Rupani government of Gujarat formulated an organic farming policy in 2015 and created an organic university. But where organic farming is done, wheat does not get adequate prices.
In 2015, organic farming was done on 41,950 hectares in Gujarat. Which is estimated to double in 5 years by the Department of Agriculture. These include gram, maize, groundnut, cotton, cumin, mango and wheat. India produces 2 lakh crore rupees and Gujarat 10,000 crore rupees. Bhalia has been the largest proportion of wheat for centuries. (Translated from Gujarati)