Two new varieties of Gujarat, Desi Vagad cotton will revolutionize jeans and silk fabrics

Gandhinagar, 25 October 2020

Gujarat Anand Desi Cotton-2 (GADC-2) has been recognized nationally on 16 September 2020. Which was discovered in 2019. This is the cotton from which the best kind of jeans pants are made. The length of its fiber helps to weave the fabric. Even in the Vagad region as cotton, this variety is made only from monsoon water and is completely organic. Now this new variety of cotton has gained the strength to make a good market in Gujarat by making organic jeans, cotton textiles from this cotton.

Achievement of Anand Agricultural University

The ‘Desi’ cotton variety developed by the Regional Cotton Research Center of Anand Agricultural University in Viramgam has been recognized by the Plant Diversity Registry of the Government of India. In addition, Anand Krishi Vishwavidyalaya has got exclusive right to produce, sell, market, distribute and export this cotton for 6 years.

1640 kg production

GADC-2 is a new variety of superior native cotton. It has a yield capacity of 1640 kg per hectare. Which is 8–10% higher than the previous ‘native’ varieties. But its quality is more important than its yield.

Length of fibre

The wire length of all ‘native’ cotton varieties was 22 mm. It is now 24 mm in the new variety. So denim can be used to make clothes. In the range of 4 mV to 4.8 mV. Which reflects the high quality or textile product value of this cotton.

Immunity and irrigation

The production of Vagad cotton is rainfed. Which resists pests. Less manure has to be used. The cost of irrigation is almost zero as compared to Bt cotton.

Plantation up to 5 lakh hectares

Vagad is the right quality for the region. Vagad cotton can be produced in 5 lakh hectare i.e. 20% of total cotton production of Gujarat. To the north of Veeramgam, Kutch, Surendranagar, Mehsana, Patan, Banaskantha, Rapar, Bhachau, Ghed, Bhambhalia, small areas near Dwarka, Bhavnagar are included. The soil and air of these areas are saline.

More research on Vagad

Vagad cotton will once again find a market, when BT cotton, farmers are no longer ready to grow. BT cotton is not grown here. Native cotton species are grown in Rapar and Bhachau taluka 50 km in  Kutch. RCR, Viramgam Associate Research Scientist Tikendra T Patel is doing more research on it.

First New Vagad Quality

The quality of Vagad cotton began to improve in the second decade of the 20th century. Agricultural research has been recommended for the last 90 years for farmers of the Vagad cotton region. Vagad 8 was the first variety to be released. It had 10 percent more  production and 3 to 4 percent more fine. The fiber quality of these varieties was poor with spin capacities of less than 19 mm and greater than 15 degrees.

Kalyan verity success

In 1947, Kalyan new variety – Jat himself revolutionized the Vagad cotton in Gujarat. Large quantities of farmers have been planting it in their fields. It also occurs in a hostile environment. This diversity became so popular among farmers that outside farmers began to recognize it as a welfare area.

A new kind of semi-open cotton

Later in 1966 a new variety V797 came out. Viramgam is still a favorite of the textile industry due to its good quality. After the establishment of Anand University, a new variety of semi-open living was discovered in 1981 by 13 G-coat agricultural scientists. This variety is still very popular among the farmers of Surendranagar district. G cot 21, (1998) was welcomed by the farmers. Presently, G-cot 21 cotton is the most grown crop.

Gujarat Anand Desi Cotton

Anand Desi Cotton-1 (ADC1), announced in 2010, yields an average of 1306 kg per hectare. The Gujarat Anand Desi Cotton-2 (GADC2) variety was then released in the year 2015. Which gives 1640 kg of cotton per hectare. It has the advantage of 45.4%, 24.2 mm wire length, 2.5% span length, 4.88 micronier value.

Gujarat Anand Desi Cotton – 3

GADC 3, which produces more, was approved by the central government in 2019. GADC3 produces 2150 kg per hectare and 964 kg per hectare. The productivity of the state is 577 kg and exceeds the national average of 501 kg per hectare. There is a demand for raw materials in textiles industry.

Vagad silk cotton will bring a new revolution

The Gujarat Anand Desi Cotton 4 (Vagad Silk) variety, the first long staple GG vegetarian variety, was launched in 2020 to meet the demand for textiles, high productivity and organic cotton. Which gives 29.4 UHML fibers with 30.6 taps. This unique quality can push in the textile industry.