Gandhinagar, 24 October 2020
The rural population growth rate of Gujarat is 9.3 percent and the urban population is 39 percent. The rural citizens are going towards the city. For example, in the rural Ilako, the population growth in 2021 may be 0. Because now after the tractors working in the fields in rural areas, now small harvesting machines are coming.
1 machine working 25 to 40 labourers. So, the labourers will become useless. Farmers are now buying their own small machines. Earlier large machines used to come from Punjab to harvest wheat. Now small machines are maiking in large numbers in Rajkot, Jasdan, Jamnagar and Ahmedabad for over two years.
25 lakh machines will arrive
There are 55 lakh farmers in Gujarat, out of which 25 lakh farmers will work in 10 years by installing such machines. Because one machine and 25-40 laborers work. The average wage rate per worker is Rs 300. Thus the machine will become affordable.
Wage rates have gone up and now workers have to import from outside states, because less labor is available in Gujarat. Hence farmers are installing small harvesting machines. Which is priced from Rs 1.5 lakh to Rs 5 lakh and the Gujarat government subsidizes it from 30 to 50 percent.
Cereal and oilseed crops
In 2020, 7 million tonnes of grain and 4 million tonnes of oilseeds will be harvested not just by man but by machine in two years. Only 80 lakh bales of cotton workers have been removed. There is no machine working at this time. Due to high wages, farmers have reduced cotton growing. After harvesting from cotton, hay and oilseed machine, the area of cotton left barely 1 million hectares. When cotton weaving machines arrive, once again cotton cultivation will increase to some extent.
38 lakh laborers
As on March 1, 2011, 3.47 crore villages out of a population of 6.04 crore in Gujarat. 2.03 crore or 33.7 percent were the main workers. There were 44.02 lakh marginal workers. 59 percent of the cogs in the state were not functioning. 38 lakh people were the main or marginal workers in the villages.
3.50 lakh farmers quit farming in Modi’s 10 years
Cereals in 28.54 lakh hectares, pulses in 7.85 lakh hectares, groundnut in 25 lakh hectares will be done by human powered machines instead of labor. In Modi’s 10-year rule from 2001 to 2011, there were 54.47 lakh farmers, of which 3.55 lakhs were reduced. Similarly, from 2001 to 2011, 7 lakh farmers were reduced.
Now this number will be reduced from 10 lakh other farmers from 2021 to 2031. Who would have actually become farm laborers and run machines in someone else’s farm. The new 6 law enacted by Modi and Chief Pradhan Vijay Rupani Sarkar will work to reduce farming.
16 lakh farm laborers increase
In the first 10 years of Modi’s poor governance from 2001 to 2011, there was an increase of 16.78 lakh farm laborers. Generally, 2% of the people have to quit farming or farm work every 10 years. Which will now be 5 per cent directly in the machine age. With the arrival of tractors, the number of troops in Gujarat has decreased by 80 percent. In this way, the number of laborers will come down by 80 percent. According to the 2011 census, 1.2 million people in Gujarat had quit farming or farm work.