Gandhinagar, 7 February 2021
The lowest use of Brinjal eaten in Saurashtra. However, Junagadh Agricultural University has developed a new variety of Brinjal. A government committee has recommended farmers to plant hybrid round brinjal GRB7.
Gives 40 tons of Brinjal
Scientist of the research station of Junagadh Agricultural University, Dr. VH Kachhadia said, the average yield of the new variety Kharif is 40.14 tonnes per hectare. Which gives 20 to 30 percent more yield than other varieties. The average yield of the state is 20 tonnes in hectare. The new variety gives 100 percent more production of 40 tons, ie.
Hard work of scientist
In search of GRB7 vegetable researcher retired scientist Dr. J. H. Vachhani said, “It has taken about 13 years to prepare this variety. It was tested for 7 generations by Variety Crossing. Compared to the old variety. Later on with all the research centers in Gujarat. It was recognized after comparing the details. Their field trials lasted 5 years. 6 scientists worked hard to develop this species. ”
Gujarat Junagadh Brinjal – 3 varieties yields 33.32 tons, Gujarat Round Brinjal – 5 varieties 29.73 tons, Gujarat Navsari Round Brinjal – 1 variety produces 30.17 tons. The new round eggplant GRB-7 yields 40 tonnes against it.
Fruits are medium in size, shiny. Protein levels are high in this species. Brinjal comes in 2 to 4 bunches. The occurrence of disease in this species is similar to that of other species. Scientists have not been successful for resistant species.
The central government estimates that 1.40 crore metric tonnes of brinjal were produced in India in 7.19 million hectares in 2018-19. Which is available in 17 tons of hexah hectare. A farmer from Gujarat produces 20 tonnes of Brinjal in Hector.
Brinjal of Gujarat
Vegetable cultivation in Gujarat produces 13.3 million tonnes of vegetables on 6.55 lakh hectares. In which, in 2019-20, eggplant cultivation produced 14.37 lakh tonnes of Brinjal in 71 thousand hectares. The yield of brinjal was 17.37 tonnes per hectare in 2009-10. Thus, there has been an increase of barely 3 tonnes in 10 years.
An average of 20.15 tonnes of Brinjal are harvested. Anand farmers grow an average of 23 tonnes of brinjal. Which mostly eats Ahmedabad city.
Vadodara has the highest production of 1.64 lakh tonnes of Brinjal, followed by Surat district. Where 1.12 lakh tonnes of brinjal are produced in 5268 hectares. Brinjal is grown in 8 districts of central Gujarat. Brinjal is the most grown in Vadodara city. The people of Ahmedabad eat Brinjal from Anand, Mehsana and Kheda. Brinjal is most commonly grown in central Gujarat. Thus, people of central Gujarat are also ahead in eating Brinjal.
People of Saurashtra eat less Brinjal
People of Saurashtra eat less of brinjal. Still there are good varieties. However, the native variety is now becoming extinct. It is being replaced by hybrid varieties.
Profit of 1500 crores
On 5 February 2021, the price of brinjal in the 10 APMCs of Gujarat ranges from Rs 4 to Rs 30 per kg. In Gujarat, Rajkot market had the highest volume of 265 bags. Where the price of 20 kg ranged from Rs 120 to Rs 220. Accordingly, the price of brinjal can be estimated from Rs 600 crore to Rs 4500 crore. If an average of 10 kg is sold to 1.5 million tonnes of brinjal farmers, it can be estimated that Rs 1500 crore of brinjal will be produced in 2020-21.
Thus, if all the farmers cultivate the new variety developed by scientist Dr. Vachhani, then the profit of Rs. 1500 crores can be obtained from the additional production.