Rs 200 crore loss to Gujarat farmers in spice crop garlic

(Dilip Patel)

17 February 2022

Farmers grow the spice crop garlic to make the food tasty in hotels and kitchens. But their food hasn’t been delicious without its price. There has been a loss in the cultivation of garlic this year. Chinese garlic is in demand all over the world because it is cheap. But the productivity of farmers in Gujarat is less than that of the country, the price is not being met, so now there is a loss in the cultivation of garlic.

Garlic is a spice crop. This year the price of garlic has gone up to Rs 3 per kg. Two years ago it used to sell for Rs 200 a kg in the market. The cultivation of garlic in Gujarat is continuously decreasing. Production is estimated at 1.25 lakh tonnes in 16.20 thousand hectares. At present, on an average, 10 thousand bags of 20 kg garlic are being sold by farmers all over Gujarat. There is going to be a big loss in the sale of 2 lakh kg per day.

Farmers get an average of Rs 10. It can make profit only if it actually gets 25 kg farmers. Thus, farmers have suffered a loss of 15 per kg. Farmers are believed to have sold a total of Rs 125 crore. In fact, farmers have suffered a loss of Rs 200 crore to Rs 187.50 crore.

In Gujarat, farmers get Rs 100 to 500 per 20 kg. The average price was Rs 300 per 20 kg and Rs 15 per kg. At present, its low price is Rs 5 and the high price is Rs 25 per kg.

Agribusiness of Rs 31,000 crore
There are 224 Agricultural Produce Market Committees, 211 Main Yards, 193 Sub Yards and a total of 404 Messetyards. The total income of Jansis in the year 2019-20 is 1339 lakh quintals and the total income is Rs. 31562.21 crores. The market cess revenue was Rs 267 crore. It is estimated that garlic was purchased from 125 crore farmers. Garlic farmers have suffered a loss of Rs 187-200 crore.

According to the third advance estimate of 2020-21, garlic has been cultivated in 390.6 thousand hectares across the country. The production is estimated to be 3184.8 thousand metric tonnes.

In 2019-20, production was 31.85 lakh metric tonnes in 352.5 thousand hectares.

In 2017-18, 16.11 lakh metric tonnes of garlic was produced in 317 thousand hectares.

According to the central government, the major garlic producing states of the country include Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Assam, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

In the year 2020-21, Madhya Pradesh is estimated to produce 19.57 lakh metric tonnes in 1.90 lakh hectares. In the year 2019-20, the crop area was 1837 thousand hectares and the production was 1869.4 thousand metric tons.

Prices were very low this year. Rupee. 500 to Rs. 900 per quintal. The average price was 700. While the average price of garlic is Rs. 2500-3000.

Garlic and onion are widely cultivated in Malwa Patta, Pratapgarh, Kota and Alwar.

The government gives MSP-FRP on which subsidy is given. Maximum Rs. 30000 or maximum Rs. 40 percent cost norm as per 12000 per hectare grant. 1584.02 lakhs were given to 5 states. Among them, Uttar Pradesh (529.88) got the highest amount of money, followed by Chhattisgarh (423.36), Tamil Nadu (266.76), Haryana (162.82) and Kerala (54.89). No help was given to the farmers of Gujarat. The benefit of Rs 800 per quintal price change scheme was given by the Madhya Pradesh government in 2016-17 alone. Meanwhile, the price of garlic had gone up to Rs 300 per quintal.