Gandhinagar, 23 January 2021
Quinoa cultivation in Rabi season after kharif season has started in Saurashtra, GUJARAT. Quinoa is called Super Food, so it is in great demand. Malls or companies buy. Quinoa used to eat as wheat, rice, semolina. Can tolerate cold and drought even in less water. Earlier it was food for the poor and cattle. Now it has become a rich food for the rich in world. Its leaves are found in green, red, black color. Around 18 to 20 quintals are produced per acre. Farmers can get up to Rs 300 per kg.
Its price ranges from Rs 500 to Rs 1000 in the global mall market. In the Kharif season, Quinoa is planted immediately after the groundnut is harvested. It is estimated that for the first time in Gujarat, the cultivation of 200 acres of Quinoa will be in 2021.
Successful experiment in Jamnagar
Scientists of Saurashtra Agricultural University near Jamnagar Air Force, Dr. K P Baraiya (9427980032) said that Quinoa seed has been given to 20 farmers in Jamnagar. They have succeeded in that. For the last 3 years we were experimenting in the field of the SAU farm center. It is clear from the experiments that this could have been done well in Jamnagar. Here farmers get Rs 150 to Rs 300 per kg.
Dr. KP Baraiya told that “Now the farmers are taking it and planting it. We give it to the farmers as long as we have the seeds. Plantation takes place in October in Gujarat. 1 foot between two rows there is a distance of 10 cm between two plants.
Quinoa plants are first green, then they turn pink, the upper part of the seed becomes multicolored. Rajagara seems to be Jaya.
Jamnagar produces 40 to 60 quintals per acre.
Create a market
Apart from Jamnagar, Quinoa seed has been given to farmers in Kutch, Vadodara, Himatnagar and Surat. But its main market is Bikaner, Rajasthan. In fact, it is necessary to establish a market system in Jamnagar APMC. Jamnagar has the best weather and land for it. Farmers cultivate over 100 acres in the village of Sumri, Arblus, Hadmatia, Zakhar, Singach, Latipar, Parolia, Piplia, Mandha, Chela, Bedi and Molapar in Jamnagar. Whereas in Dantiwada taluka of Banaskantha, Quinoa is cultivated on 90 acres of land in 7 villages including Pakhwara village. A private company offers a price of Rs 150 per kg. It needs to establish a market in Unjha.
In Jamnagar, the seeds have to be sown at 400–500 grams per acre. If there is poor soil, a little more will have to be added.
Rajigara type of plant
The climate of Gujarat is favourable for its cultivation. Temperatures of 18 to 24 degrees are suitable for seed germination. Cold at night and a temperature of 35 degrees during the day are considered suitable for good production. Can be planted in all types of soil. Although it is not a grain, it is used as a Quinoa grain. It used to make Khichdi, salad, flour, upma, risotto or other dishes.
Can be in barren land
Quinoa can be grown in alkaline, barren, wastelands. For the first time in Gujarat, Dilip Bhogilal Rawal, a farmer from Patan Shankheshwar and an agricultural graduate from Majpurgam, started planting quinoa seeds in 2016, four years ago from a friend from Africa. He has achieved success by sowing in barren and saline soils.
Ready in 100 days. No fertilizer or disinfectant is required. If manure is applied of 5.6 tonnes per hectare, the yield is good. No disease is known. Organic manure is added for additional production.
Quinoa is planted in many places in October, February, March and June – July. The seeds are very small. 400 to 600 grams are applied per genre. 1.5 to 2 cm in the ground. Deeply planted. The seeds are white, red and pinkish green. Sprinkle the seeds in sand or ash. About 1 to 1.5 kg of seeds are required per acre. The seeds are soaked in cow urine 24 hours before sowing.
It is a good crop with low water and low cost. 3 to 4 times water is needed.
Has good ability to fight pests and diseases.
Height 4 to 6 feet and cut like mustard. The thresher can be extracted into the machine. The production per bigha varies from 5 to 8-9 quintals.
2 meters high. The yield is about 18 to 20 quintals per acre. The seed does not deteriorate for 5 years.
Rich in protein. 9 amino acids, fiber, many salts, iron, vitamin B, important vitamin E, protein and amino acids, antioxidants. No sugar. Rich in minerals.
Benefit in disease
Used to prevent osteoporosis, keeps the heart healthy, treats the skin, prevents inflammation, diabetes, strengthens metabolism, prevents anemia, healthy digestion, tissue repair, hair growth , Removes dandruff. Loses weight. Reduces blood sugar. Cures anemia. Useful in heart, cancer and respiratory diseases. There is also an antiseptic. Reduces inflammation. Along with digestion, quinoa can also promote various metabolic processes, which play an important role in providing adequate energy and nutrition to the body. For individuals suffering from anemia, quinoa may also be a good option. Anticancer B inhibitor) effect. May work better against liver and breast cancer. It can also help in keeping the skin healthy. Involves tissue repair and growth. Can also be used to make hair stronger.
Sprouted and eaten. It becomes a dish to cook delicious food. Mash with bow shape can reduce its weight.
Color can change. Sometimes it feels bitter. It can be removed by soaking in water. Cooking is ready in 15 minutes. Quinoa is not a grass like wheat, but it is a pseudostem. Also used as paratha, raita, salad etc. Used for washing clothes.
In the world
Farmers in South America have been growing it for hundreds of years. Now it is known in the world. It is now in good demand in the world. In 2013, the United Nations declared it the year. Gujarat has since started. Agriculture extends to more than 70 countries, including Australia, England, Canada, Bolivia, Peru, China, India, the United States, and some European countries. Between 2006 and 2013, prices have tripled as a result of increasing popularity and consumption in North America, Europe and Australia.
Contains 13% water, 64% carbohydrate, 14% protein and 6% fat.
Nutritional value per 100 grams
Energy 1,539 kJ (368 kcal)
Carbohydrate – 64.2 grams
Dietary fiber – 7.0 grams
Fat – 6.1 grams
Monounsaturated – 1.6 grams
Polyunsaturated – 3.3 g
Protein – 14.1 grams
Thymine (B1) 31% 0.36 mg
Riboflavin (B2) 27% 0.32 mg
Niacin (B3) 10% 1.52 mg
Vitamin B6 38% 0.49 mg
Folate (B9) 46% 184
Choline 14% 70 mg
Vitamin E 16% 2.4mg
Calcium 5% 47 mg
Copper 30% 0.590 mg
Iron 35% 4.6 mg
Magnesium 55% 197 mg
Manganese 95% 2.0 mg
Phosphorus 65% 457 mg
Potassium 12% 563 mg
Sodium 0% 5 mg
Zinc 33% 3.1 mg
It contains saponin and oxalic acid. There may be slow swelling in the eyes, abdomen and windpipe.