Gandhinagar, September 01, 2020 allgujaratnews.in
The Wadhiar region of Gujarat is on saline soil. It is known as salty land as it is a fallow land for years. Successful farming on such saline lands has been going on for 10 years. Now the salt field has become a zone of sweet salt. Moisture is the enemy of Dates. Dates has been cultivated in Kutch for 500 years. In the Kanthi region of Mundra taluka, Dates produces 70% of the country. In 2008-09, there were 19 lakh Khejur trees in Gujarat. Today there are about 50 trees.
20,000 dates trees near the desert
Shankar Lallu Patel of Ravad village in Samee taluka of Patan has been considered a successful farmer by the Agriculture Department of Gujarat. The Agriculture Department has prepared a description of this farmer in his own words. The farmer says, I cultivate Dates. My farm is situated in the alkaline soil of Ravad village in Wadhiar region. I first visited the Jijaba project near Muzpur village. I had prepared a plan to prepare the palm crop. Today, 20,000 date palm trees stand near the Kutch desert. In the first phase, 11 thousand plant were planted in 2008-09. Thought to plant , thousands of plants are also being prepared. After two to three years, male and female trees can be identified in all the plants. 40–60% are male-female. Males are removed and female dates are planted in their place.
Agriculture department officials told that it takes 8 to 12 years to bear fruit. The pit is dug 1.5 feet wide, 1.5 feet long and 1.5 feet deep to plant dates. Manure, locust control requires 1 kg to 3 kg of vermicompost along with medicine. Dates can also have land ranging from 3000 to 4500 TDS. Any farmer of Gujarat can increase his income by going to my garden and branching Dates.
Depending on the quality, one can get 5 to 100 rupees per kg. Once tasted, the folk are forced to take it again. The native desi hoof of Kutch ranges from Rs 200 to Rs. Sold in the market up to 2000 price. Dates has a turnover of Rs 350 crore. According to estimates of traders selling Dates, the production is around 2.5 lakh metric tons and is famous as Kachchi Mewa. Even in Sami taluka, which was known as the backward years, farmers are now cultivating Dates. Rawar owns 225 bighas of land. Dates saplings were planted at a distance of 20 feet. The 10 kg box goes to Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Unjha, Mahuva, Navsari, Surat, Desa, Patan.
5 kg dates in 5 years, 10 kg in 6 years, 20 kg in 8 years, 40 kg in 8 years, 70 kg in 9 years, 90 kg in 10 years, 100 kg in 12 years.
When grafted seedlings reach 3 kg age 5 kg, 4 years 10, 5 years 25, 6 years 50, 7 years 90, 8 years 125, 9 years 150, 10 years 175, 11 years 200 and 12 years 240 kg per tree She is giving. The government gives a subsidy of Rs 1,250 on tissue culture worth Rs 2,250.
The new variety found by nature recently in Kutch is half red and half yellow.
Horticulture in Kutch
In Kutch, it has been planted in 18 thousand hectares. There is ‘Kalpavriksha’ in Kutch. Dates leaves can be used to make mats, brooms, baskets, ropes and toys as well as jewelry such as earrings and brads. Leaves and trunks are used on the roof as well as during scattering. Nero is made by extracting juice from the trunk of a tree.
Dates is cultivated only in Kutch in the country. Its age is 50 to 75 years. Sardar Kritinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University’s only salt research center in the country is located in Mundra in 1978 at 51 ha in Dharab village of Kutch. When the farmer planted salt in the Sami, the Gujarat government was secretly selling the land of this research center to Adani by Modi. In the Kanthi region of Mundra taluka, Dates produces 70% of the country. In 2008-09, there were 19 lakh Khejur trees in Gujarat.
Today there are about 50 trees. There are one lakh Dates trees in Kutch. Under the Joint National Development Program, 20 varieties were brought to Kutch from Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia in 1983. Out of this, dates q named Barhi and Halvi from Iraq have been successfully produced in Kutch. With the help of Israel, from 2018, Dates Research Center will be built on 10 acres near Lakhide Road in Bhuj. The Government of India had allocated a grant of Rs 4.5 crore for this project, called the India-Israel Workplan Center of Excellence for Debt Farm. The climate of Kutch is favorable for Dates.
Varieties of salt
40 varieties have been brought to India from Middle Eastern countries, Africa and California. There are varieties of Barhi, Halvi, Khadravi, Samran, Zahidi, Medjul, Jagul and Khala for Kutch. In Kutch it is sown by seed. In Kutch, good varieties are known as soparo, trofo, gulchati, yakubi etc.