Gandhinagar, 14 November 2020
Wheat is a type of grass that has been grown in the Levant region for centuries. Wheat is cultivated in 10.45 lakh hectares in Gujarat at an average of the last 3 years. At present, wheat has been planted in an area of 55 thousand hectares in the second week of planting. Which did not exceed 7,000 ha during this time period last year.
Wheat cultivation is second only to maize globally. Paddy is the third most important crop after wheat. Wheat grows in winter in Gujarat. 49 thousand hectares have been planted in Saurashtra. Out of this, wheat crop has been planted in Somnath in 16 thousand hectare and in Junagadh district in 16 thousand hectare. Wheat cultivation is zero in Kutch, North Gujarat, South Gujarat.
Non-irrigated wheat cultivation will increase
In 2020, wheat production in India, including Gujarat, may break a record for the second consecutive year. The Gujarat government had set a target of producing 43.64 lakh tonnes of wheat in 13.83 lakh hectares in 2019-20. An average production of 3155 kg per hectare was also expected. In 2018-19, the Gujarat government had estimated production of 3019 kg per hectare with 24 lakh tonnes in 7.97 lakh hectares. Seeing the attitude of the farmers, all these records will be broken in 2020. With this, traders will not give prices to farmers. Wheat was sown in 16.11 lakh hectares in 2010-11. No wonder if the 10-year record is broken this time. Due to soil moisture this year, planting of non-irrigated wheat may also increase. Last year there were wheat in 1.3 million hectares.
Soil moisture from heavy rains
The entire Gujarat has received an average of 41.48 inches of rain in 2020. Which is 129.43 percent. is. Rainfall was 4.27 inches in June, 8.75 inches in July, 17.56 inches in August and 10.98 inches in September. Rainfall in the last month of monsoon is very important for wheat cultivation. The highest rainfall occurs in September from September 2010 to September 2018. Rainfall was 33.81 inches in Saurashtra, 78.42 inches in South Gujarat, 38.66 inches in Central Gujarat, 27.75 inches in North Gujarat and 23.34 inches in Kutch. India has received the best rainfall in 25 years. 2020 is the 19th year in 120 years with 109 percent rainfall. After 61 years, it has happened that two consecutive monsoons have exceeded the average. Rainfall is 110% in 2019, 110% in 1916 and 120% in 1917.
India’s record will be broken
In 2020, wheat production in India may reach record levels for the second consecutive year. This is because of the best rainfall in the last 25 years during the monsoon season. The rains will boost production and break last year’s record. in India
In 2019, 102.19 million tonnes of wheat were produced. The soil moisture for planting has increased. The water level in major reservoirs is also 86 percent. There is a lot of water in the Narmada dam.
The support price for 2020 is Rs 9,250 per tonne. That is why farmers are increasing wheat cultivation. Farmers are hoping that the government will buy wheat. As of November 1, the government wheat stock was 37.4 million tonnes, up 13 percent from a year earlier.
Exports will be 1 million tons or less than 1 percent. So the price will be cut. The government must declare subsidies on exports or both the government and farmers will be beaten. It exported 2.26 lakh tonnes of wheat in 2018-19 and 6.5 million tonnes in 2012-13. India exported 226,225 tonnes of wheat in the financial year 2018-19 ended March 31. In 2012-13, it stood at 6.5 million tonnes.