Biodiversity farming, 8,000 varieties of mangoes in Gir, Gujarat

Gandhinagar, 6 May 2021
Gujarat’s forest department could not proceed with the declaration of heritage trees. The Department of Agriculture has not yet been able to disclose the genotype of the tree or plants. Fruits and plants grown over the centuries are not declared biodiversity. In other states, royalties are given by identifying good quality fruit trees grown on farmers’ fields and declaring them as biodiversity genotype trees. But this does not happen in Gujarat.

Mansukhbhai Suvagia, who started the Amar-Ambar revolution, says that there were 20 different varieties of mangoes in his field. 18 species have dried up due to deep water. Two castes have survived. 10 percent variety of sweetness in native mangoes. It is 90 percent extinct due to saffron and has varieties. They will now produce a total of 200 varieties of mangoes. Hell, they have cut 300 of 60 varieties of mangoes from Gujarat.
He said that 8,000 varieties of mangoes have been identified by the agitators in the Gir region of Saurashtra. However, despite the presence of Gujarat’s Agriculture Minister at the Center, nothing happens for such farmers to find the best varieties of mango and distribute the seeds to other farmers. Other varieties are 90 percent extinct due to popular mango growing. This has happened in every fruit and grain.

The biodiversity cultivation of fruit trees or other traditional seeds that have been growing in the fields for years is now developing. Out of which farmers make good money. A farmer from Bhalchell village in Gir Sasan has shown 100 jat mangoes ripening in a mango tree.
A survey was conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and the Indian Horticultural Research Institute in Bangalore to identify genotypes of fennel varieties in the traditional jackfruit finance growing areas of South Karnataka.
Considered good with low labor, long term income, and low cost. Fans require humid and hot weather. It is being cultivated well on the well-drained land of South Gujarat.
In which farmer S.S. Two varieties of Phaneswar and Sankaraiya’s Fans were selected. The farmer was then trained in the technique of making quality plants.
Charming copper whose red pieces were identified with two aristocratic species.
ICAR- ICAR B.A.No. These varieties are called WDs.
A model for commercialization was created in 2017, in which farmers were honored as “protectors of biodiversity” for the conservation of this diversity.
75% of the income received is distributed to the license holder i.e. farmer and 25% to the organization. If the price per plant is Rs 150.

Farmer ss Parmeshwar is currently producing Sidhu fennel plants. More than 25,000 saplings have been given to the farmers. In two years, he earned 22 lakh rupees. He was earning Rs 8,000 a year before his recognition.

Biodiversity farming is the best.

Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Parsottam Rupala honored both the farmers.
Shankar quality
The 25-year-old tree of farmer Shankaraiya of Tumkur district has been selected for biodiversity. Fans fruits weigh 2-5 kg, 60 koi and average weight of 18 grams each. The puzzles are sweet, fragrant, crunchy and copper-colored red. Total carotenoids are: 5.83 mg / 100 g; Lycopene: 2.26 mg / 100 g; Total phenolics: 37.99 mg gallic acid equivalent / 100g.

Proven quality

Ss A new type of fennel tree with red copper coyote was identified in a farm of Gods in Tumkur district, Karnataka. The average weight of the fruit is 2.44 kg; Each fruit has 25–30 bulbs. Total carotenoids are: 4.43 mg / 100 g; Lycopene: 1.12 mg / 100 grams, total phenolics: 31.76 mg gallic acid equivalent / 100 grams.

Different varieties of fennel: Some varieties of fennel include white, Khaja, Bhushala, Bhaidan, Handa, Tea Town Jack, Mutton Warika, Velipala, Singapore, Ceylon etc.

Singapore variety gives fruit in 2-3 years. Other grafted varieties give fruit for 4-5 years. Commercial production commences in 6-8 years. Seed trees bear fruit in 7-8 years.

Planting is also done for wood. The plant grows to a height of 1 to 1.5 meters in 3 months.