Ahmedabad, 22 November, 2020
After paddy-wheat harvesting in Delhi, Haryana and Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, the straw is lit to clear the field. Air pollution occurs. The highest area of paddy in Gujarat is 1.32 lakh hectares around Ahmedabad city. Although the farmers here do not burn it, but, Ahmedabad burns its garbage in winter and spreads its own pollution. In which garbage is burnt at the Pirana dump site, whose toxic smoke spans 12 km in Ahmedabad. Methane, in addition to volatile organic compounds, emits toxic gases from the waste in Pirana.
Respiratory diseases occur.
This gas can cause cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. The study was carried out by scientists from Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar IIT, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune and Amity University, Delhi.
This smoke spreads to Amavad in Ambavadi, Paladi, Navarangpura, Satellite, Vastupur and Bodakdev, Paladi, Vasna, Sarkhej, Juhapura, Ranip, Motera, Sabarmati, West Ahmedabad, Hathijan, Vatva, Vastu Nagar, Manipur. In May 2017, the spread model looked at areas such as Kathlal and Kheda.
20 non-methane VOC gas
The gas includes isoprene, benzene, cis-2-butene, propylene, meta-xylene, ethylene, and trans-to-butane. Which accounts for 72–75% of the 20 non-methane VOC gases released from the piranha. Scientists used GC-FDI (gas chromatography-flame ionization detector) to measure it. Which measured 20 non-methane VOCs (volatile organic compounds) released from peas after 2017.
Samples were taken from areas at a distance of two and a half kilometers from the dumping site followed by an area of 500 m and 800 m at the Nerpa site. The amount of toluene – butane gas was three times higher than that of the traffic junction. According to the study, benzene can cause cancer in people. Another one-way Mutabik – PBCR announced a 60% increase in cancer cases in Ahmedabad between 2007 and 2016. Growing at an annual rate of 4.8%. So the government is hiding the data. There are 22.58 lakh cancer patients in the country, 11.57 lakh new patients and 8 lakh deaths occur every year. In Gujarat, in 2 lakh cases, 80 thousand new cases are added every year. In 6 years, there has been a 251 percent increase in cancer among youth below 20 years. HCG Cancer Center has recorded 29,000 new cases in the hospital. In which the Pirana dump site is equally responsible.
Direct effects of 35 poisonous gases
Two lakh people of Behrampura, Pirana, Giraspur, Faisal Nagar, Chipkuwa, Vasana around 500 meters to 1 km around Pirana are affected by the stink and poisonous methane poisonous gas daily. About 35 toxic gases, including carbon dioxide and nitrate oxide, are released into the air. Every person living here is suffering from some disease and the money earned is being spent on medicine. There are about 70 thousand flies on 1 cubic feet of waste. People of this region often fall prey to the disease. Respiratory diseases, asthma, lung cancer, pneumonia or TB. The number of patients suffering from the disease is high.
Mayor Bijal Patel failed
The city of Ahmedabad is spread over 46,416 hectares. In Ahmedabad, the work of separating dry and wet garbage and those coming to collect garbage started on December 3, 2018, but it failed.
Out of 14.5 lakh houses in Ahmedabad city, 10 thousand houses had separate dry and wet garbage. Kitchen waste is about 45 percent. Garbage is collected from 1100 locations in the city. BJP Mayor Bijalben Patel and ex Commissioner Vijay Nehra took up the campaign of 40,000 people at home. In which they have failed. Each household was given 50 lakh dustbins in a ratio of 2 to separate the waste. The cost has fallen.
3500 tons of garbage per day
AMC’s Pirana dump site is 84 hectares. In which 65 hectares of mountains of garbage have been formed. Disposal of waste by 2030 will require 100 acres of land. In 2030, Ahmedabad will have 5000 metric tons of waste. Since the BJP came to power 30 years ago in 1988, all the dustbins of the city have been reduced to 3 mills 85 meters high in Pirana mountain. Where pollution and epidemics spread. 3500 MT of garbage is collected every day from 1000 vehicles. About 900 tonnes of waste is being used to make manure etc. 1,000 tons of debris is recycled. A huge mountain of 10 million tons was destroyed. It is now used as waste manure.
The Pirana dump site experiences an average of one and a half major fires per month with increased pollution, requiring 150 to 200 tanker water to extinguish the fire. Behind the mound are chemical factories, which pour polluted water into their oats. So create risk for people.
Turn off ac with toxic smoke
6 km due to poisonous smoke from piranha waste. Every 8-10 months there is a problem of gas leaking from AC. If there is normal air, then it is gas proof in 7 years. The leakage of gas occurs by breaking the bending joints of the pipes. The cost of this one-time problem is estimated from Rs 3500 to 4000.
Mountain of plastic toxic gases
Of the 10 million tonnes of waste, 12 per cent or 1.2 million tonnes was plastic and synthetic waste. In Gujarat, most people in Ahmedabad are 1.2 Ligrams use plastic. Uses 241000 kg of plastic per day. When the waste is burnt, it burns plastics and synthetics. Which releases toxic gases into the air. If this poisonous gas goes in, then people here are getting fatal diseases including cancer. Even if millions spend five minutes in a vehicle going straight to Narol, they have a headache with a sore throat. Plastic fumes contain bromide as well as hazardous elements such as chromium, copper, cobalt, selenium, lead and cadmium. Which can cause diseases including cancer, kidney, breath, blood and heart.
Ground water toxic
Hazardous chemicals such as sulfate, phosphate, chloride are many times more harmful in ground water. Groundwater analysis conducted by the Civil Engineering Department of LD Engineering College, Ahmedabad violates all the parameters of BIS due to groundwater pollution. The levels of sulfate, phosphate and chloride in groundwater in Behrampura, Nagma Nagar, Faisal Nagar and Chhipakuwa are much higher than the BIS drinking water parameters. Water hardness is 10 times higher. Magnesium salts should be 30 mg per liter but in this area it is 320 mg per liter. The hardness of water was found to be six times due to calcium salts. TDS 7 Views. Nitrate content is 5 times higher.
Breaking the rules
The rule regarding dumping site is that after dumping 10 cm of waste on the site, the same amount of soil should be placed on it. Drains, surround fences, man and livestock must be stopped for disposal of rain water. Not done by AMC. Solid waste management regulations have also not been implemented.
Turn off option
It was decided to close the Pirna site and dump garbage at the new site in Wanjar and Kamod villages. The project has been called off due to protests.
Poor people buy food by weaving plastic waste for 11 hours. Even the youngest children of the poor accompany them. It is prohibited to put garbage on the garbage heap of piranhas. Yet only 60 women certified by the service organization were allowed to dump garbage here.
Agreements were signed with 2 companies to produce electricity from waste using 2,000 metric tons of waste. Compost is being made from 900 metric tons of waste per day by 3 companies. Skeet furniture is built from 500 metric tons of debris, against 700 metric tons of debris per day. Six companies were given land. Other companies were blacklisted for not resuming work, and A to Z Company was fined Rs 50 lakh and deposited Rs 1.50 crore from them.
The green cover was corrupted
A Rs 374-crore project was planned to cover Pirani with mud. A 21-year plan has been made to build an earthen garden on the hill. The central government was supposed to provide 35 percent, the state government 25 percent and the urban local body 40 percent. It also included an expenditure of Rs 107 crore on maintenance for 15 years. ILFS Limited was selected as the consultant for this project. The RCC was to be covered by a compound wall. Green Shield was to be done. 50 crores was received. Nothing could be done without suspicion of corruption.
BJP governments fail
In 2016, the state’s BJP government announced a waste of energy policy and plans to generate electricity by processing waste rather than dumping it. As of now, not a single power plant is operating in any city of Gujarat.
35 lakh tons of garbage per day in the state
Out of the 6.50 crore people of Gujarat, the cities where 2 crore people live produce the most waste. In Gujarat’s 8 municipal corporations and 162 municipalities, 10,000 tons of waste are generated every day. 80% of the municipalities have garbage piles all around. Out of which only 20 percent is processed. 3.5 million tonnes of waste is released every year in the state. Despite being dangerous to human life, the Rupani government of Gujarat has failed to recycle it. 90 percent of the villages have become garbage.
In the city of Ahmedabad with a population of over 60 lakhs, 12.50 lakh tonnes per year in Surat and the remaining 6 municipal corporations generate the same amount of waste.
David Moo Elizabeth Mitani and Trisha of the US delegation visited the Pirana dumping site on December 15, 2017 to address the problem. After visiting the site, he visited the people of the area and interacted with people suffering from diseases. Know their problem America had to cooperate. but nothing happened.
Made the forest
AMC started this project by planting 100 trees for gyrus forestry near Pirana in the year 2005 and today it has become a green forest. Birds, animals and other wildlife have also come to live. In this birds forest of Pirana region, there are 101 species of birds including 40 peacocks besides 30 nilgai, 10 goats, foxes, some wolves and 15 species of snakes. If the Forest Department can do this, people are asking why Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation is not there.