Scientific experiments were conducted by Navsari Agricultural University to grow sugarcane without chemicals and pesticides in 7 districts of South Gujarat, where sugarcane cultivation is the highest in Gujarat.
Based on which farmers will now be able to do organic farming. Agricultural scientists at Navsari Agricultural University have proved in a series of experiments in their fields that there is no need for pesticides or chemical fertilizers.
Farmers growing sugarcane from organic farming in areas with high rainfall climate have to select sugarcane varieties CON 05072 or CON 05071 (for jaggery), CO 62175 (for jaggery) to get higher yield and net profit. It is recommended. Thus sugar cane, jaggery and juice can now be obtained without poisoning.
Bio Fertilizers – Bacterial Fertilizers
Planting at a distance of 120 cm, soaking two eye pieces in a biofertilizer such as Aobacter, PSB and KMB for 20 minutes. Biofertilizer is meant for crop production, agricultural scientists call it ‘bacterial fertilizer’ as it contains natural bacteria to produce a variety of environmentally friendly fertilizers. Which maintains soil fertility.
A biofertilizer is a living fertilizer that contains microorganisms. The use of which is readily available to plants with nitrogen in the atmosphere (in the form of ammonia) and insoluble phosphorus, which is already present in the soil, makes it easily available by converting the plants to soluble state. Since bacteria are natural, their use increases soil fertility. Does not adversely affect the environment.
Before sowing sugarcane pieces, soak biopesticides such as Trichoderma and Pseudomonas in 0.5% solution each for 20 minutes.
Trichoderma is one of 89 types of soil borne fungi. Found naturally. Which produces green spores. Biologically protecting plants from disease by living as parasites on stems, roots and horns. Trichoderma fungi control themselves by attacking pathogenic fungi by spreading a gradient trap on pathogenic fungi. Releases chemicals in the soil, which increases crop resistance. Nutrients are high.
The pathogen inhibits the growth of fungi. Soil prevents diseases. The farm waste rotates quickly to make manure. Plant growth is good. Provides unavailable nutrients. The seed acts as a groom. Giving on seeds improves its growth. Cheaper than chemical fungicides and improves farm environments. No adverse effects on crops or fields. The number of deep roots of the plant increases. Therefore plants draw water. The taste of the card improves.
Pseudomonas fluorescence is an organic fungicide or bactericidal based on bacteria. 0-5% WP is given in the formula for control of fungal and bacterial diseases of crops, fruits, vegetables and sugarcane root, rot, stem rot, pickle, red rot, bacterial scorching, bacteria etc.
To protect the plant from soil-borne diseases, mix 2.5 kg of Pseudomonas in 100 kg of manure and mix it in the soil. Then plant within 5 days. Dip two sugarcane pieces of sugarcane in Pseudomonas for 20 minutes.
Sugarcane Planting – Nadep
At the time of planting sugarcane, apply 3.4 tons of Nadep compost and 2.4 tons vermicompost per hectare at the base.
Nadep has been developed by Narayan Devrao Pandhari of Maharashtra. The specialty of the Nadeep Nadeep Composting method is that a very good manure is prepared using small amounts of compost. 3000 kg out of 100 kg cow dung. Compost manure can be made which is available in 90-100 days.
Nadep compost requires manure, waste (biomass) and good soil. The air circulation process is used for microbes for 90 to 120 days. Apart from 0.1 to 1.5 nitrogen, 0.5 to 0.9 phosphorus and 1.2 to 1.4 percent potash, other micronutrients are also found in the manure produced by it. All compost can be made from weeds, crop residues.
Apply 3.3 tonnes of paddy manure and 2.4 tonnes of vermicompost per hectare 45 days after planting. Apply at the rate of 3.3 tonnes of Nadep and 2.3 tonnes of vermicompost per hectare 90 days after planting. Spray 0.5% AC (Zoe) tobacter solution 30 and 45 days after planting.
Azotobacter – Liquid Organic Fertilizer
Azotobacter is a biofertilizer that stabilizes atmospheric nitrogen in the presence of oxygen. The use of Azotobacter provides 30 to 40 kg of nitrogen per hectare to the crop. This organic fertilizer produces growth hormone, which promotes root growth. It also releases some pesticides, which protect the roots from diseases. Yields increase by 10 to 20 percent. There is a saving of 60 to 80 kg of chemical urea per hectare.
Apply 900 liters per hectare with stagnant irrigation water in 3 installments at 45, 90 and 120 days after planting.
Bodies can be made on the farm. 200 liters of water, 10 liters urine, 10 kg. Cow dung, 1 fist Add clockwise, 1 kg of ruffed soil, 1 kg of desi jaggery, chickpea flour in a barrel and a long stick, stirring clockwise. It can be filtered and used for up to 7 days.
Irrigation can be done directly in the ground or with a spray pump. Germs thrive. Becomes humus. Makes useless elements useful. Earthworms are awakened and used in excavation work. Do not spray in the sun, can be used for 15 days.
Trichoderma and Pseudomonas to give 5 kilograms or liters per hectare.
By doing this, sugarcane costs Rs 1.53 lakh per hectare and net profit ranges from Rs 2.55 lakh to Rs 2.87 lakh.