Rising heat ruined the precious mint crop in Gujarat
10 May 2022
Mint crop production has become dangerous. Can be at a temperature of 8 to 45 degrees. But this time due to the early onset of summer, the cultivation of mint oil is in danger.
Early heat waves and easterly winds have increased costs for farmers. This also increases the risk of crop failure.
It is exceptionally hot. Summer temperatures have never been so high. Hot winds are scorching the earth.
Peppermint oil used for freshness, flavor and aroma has a huge market share in the industries. About 30,000 metric tons of peppermint oil is produced every year. About 12-15 kg of Mentha oil comes out from one Vigha.
Cultivation starts at the end of January as soon as the cold subsides. Mentha cultivation is gradually increasing in Gujarat, Punjab, Bihar and Haryana also.
According to scientists from CIMAP in Lucknow and FFDC in Kannauj, Gujarat has a favorable climate for agriculture. He said that good farming can be done in Panchmahal and Narmada districts. Agriculture subsidy can be obtained from Gandhinagar Medicinal Board or Horticulture Board.
This crop earning lakhs is currently being grown in 200 acres in Gujarat.
Mint has been planted in 200 acres in Gujarat. Prices are good. Fragrance is a new concept of agriculture.
use of oil
The oil is used in pharmaceutical products such as toothpaste, scalp oil, soap, powder, medicine, flock wash, gutka, tobacco, soft drinks, cough syrup, chocolate, peppermint, beeswax, bakery, cosmetics. The world uses methanol oil. The biscuit itself is used in chocolate, cold drinks, massage oil. Widely used in beauty parlor and cosmetics.
The demand for mentha oil is increasing continuously. The oil is used in pharmaceutical products such as scalp oil, soap, powder, medicine, flock wash, gutka, tobacco, soft drinks, cough syrup, chocolate, peppermint, beeswax, bakery, cosmetics. Mint syrup is made.
Hasmukh Ranabhai Hirpara, 70, a farmer from Dhoraji, Rajkot, has been cultivating Japanese mint menthol since 2001. Oil extraction process on the farm.
One acre is cut thrice and 150 kg of oil is extracted from it. Which sells on an average Rs 1000 per kg. 1.50 lakh profit. On the other hand, a profit of Rs.
Mentha cultivation produces 15 to 20 tonnes of green mint per acre. In which 0.80 to 1.50% oil is extracted. 10 to 12 kg of oil comes out from one ton. If there is a steam distillation plant, then 18 to 20 kg of oil is available in one ton. 150 to 180 kg of oil is produced in one acre. In 3 months crop, 70 to 80 kg oil is produced.
It is also known as Izmat Phool or Menthol. White milk has frozen. It becomes a flower of respect. Embroidery also builds respect.
Cultivation is done in Malvan village of Virpur taluka of Kheda district. Sheilaben Patel, a woman farmer of Phanswala village in Valsad and the farmer of the village have been cultivating mint for 40 years.
India is the largest exporter of mentha oil in the world. The contribution of Uttar Pradesh in the total production of the country is 85 percent. Barabanki district produces 33% of the mint in the entire state. Mentha accounts for 25 to 30 percent of the oil production from 88,000 hectares.
Irrigation has to be increased due to rising temperature and heat wave. This has increased the cost by 50 percent. Expenditure on fertilizers, labor and pesticides has already increased. Mentha oil prices have come down significantly in the last 2-3 years.
Before spraying insecticides ensure that the fields are moist and it should be done in the morning before sunrise or in the evening after sunset.
The increased use of chemical pesticides is likely to have a negative impact on the plant’s immune system. The amount of insecticides used to control pests has almost doubled.
Farmers are advised to give priority to organic pesticides to save the Mentha crop.
Mint is grown in 3.25 lakh hectares in the country and 2.75 lakh hectares in Uttar Pradesh.
Mint cultivation in India was started in 1954 by the Jammu Laboratory. Now farmers cultivate in Uttaranchal and Barabanki, Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Kanauj, Rampur, Gorakhpur districts of Uttar Pradesh.
Mentha oil exports stood at 25,700 tonnes. Production is 50 thousand tons of oil. 325 lakh farmers are engaged.
Boiling mint in water and spraying water on the crop kills the worms in vegetables. Works in 70 diseases of humans.